Presentation on theme: "Note handout. Scientific Revolution used science to find laws that governed the physical world. natural laws: laws that governs human nature. Through."— Presentation transcript:
Scientific Revolution used science to find laws that governed the physical world. natural laws: laws that governs human nature. Through the use of reason, Enlightenment thinkers believed they could solve political, economic, and cultural problems.
Thomas Hobbes: People are cruel and greedy; need strong government; enter into a social contract Social contract: an agreement by which people give up the state of nature for an organized society. John Locke: People are good and have natural rights, which the government protects. natural rights: rights that belong to all humans from birth.
Montesquieu: separation of powers is the best way to protect liberty.
philosophe : French Enlightenment thinkers who tried to apply scientific methods to improve society. Voltaire: Critic of corruption and injustice; defender of free speech. Diderot: Spread philosophes’ ideas; encouraged education for all. Rousseau: Common good over the good of the individual.
Wollstonecraft: Equal education for boys and girls Smith: Laws of supply and demand should control the economy Physiocrats: Enlightenment thinkers who searched for laws to govern economics. Laissez-faire: allows business to operate with little or no government influence.