Presentation on theme: "Growing Tensions Between North and South. Author: Henry Clay Missouri would be admitted as a Slave State. Maine would be admitted as a Free State."— Presentation transcript:
Author: Henry Clay Missouri would be admitted as a Slave State. Maine would be admitted as a Free State. All territory in the Louisiana Territory above the 36, 30 Latitude Line, slavery would be outlawed.
David Wilmot, House of Representatives (Pennsylvania) Outlaw slavery in any territory won from Mexico. South: Bill was unconstitutional, congress had no right to stop them from bring their property into the new territories. Constitution protected their property rights. House: Passed Senate: Failed
Results: Creation of the Free Soil Party. Dedicated to to stopping the spread of slavery. “Free Soil, Free Speech, Free Labor, and Free Men”. Made slavery a key issue in politics from that point on.
NORTHSOUTH California: Free State Slave trade would be abolished in Washington D.C. Congress would not pass anymore laws about slavery in the territories won from Mexico. Congress would pass a stronger Fugitive Slave Law.
People accused of being escaped slaves could be arrested at any time. No right to a jury trial. Required Northerners to help recapture runaway slaves. Created the Federal Marshalls. Judge would decide their fate. $5 for releasing the person. $10 for turning the person over the slaveholder.
Author: Stephen Douglas, Senator (Illinois ) Organize the governments for the Nebraska Territory. Divided into the Kansas and Nebraska Territories.
Kansas Territory would be the first place Popular Soverneigty would be put to the test. Both Proslavery and Antislavery people rushed into Kansas. Election would held in March of 1855. More Proslavery people were in Kansas at the time of the election.
Border Ruffians: 5,000 Missourians crossed the boarder and voted. Kansas Territory became a slave territory. Capital was in Topecca. Antislavery people called the election fixed and formed their own government. Capital was in Lawrence.
May, 1855: Sack of Lawrence Mob attacks Lawrence Destroys offices and the Govener’s home John Brown: Extreme Abolitionist
Pottawatomie Massacre: John Brown and seven others attack Pottawatomie Creek. Five Proslavery men were killed. Civil war broke out in Kansas that lasted for three years. Became known as “Bleeding Kansas”
Dred Scott: Slave of a Military Doctor from Missouri. Owner took him into Wisconsin & Minnisota territories, which are both free territories. After the death of the doctor, Aboloitionists talked Dred Scott into sueing for his freedom.
Dred Scott v. Sanford: Reached the Supreme Court in 1857. Chief Justice Roger B. Taney delivered the courts ruling.
Dred Scott was not a citizen. (Slaves were Property/U.S. Constitution) As a result, he could not sue in U.S. Courts. Scott’s time in the free territories did not matter in his case, because he had to abide by Missouri’s slave codes.
Congress could not ban slavery in the territories. To do so would violate the 5 th Amendment. (Property Rights) Declared the Missouri Compromise Unconstitutional.
The Republican Party grew out of the problems caused by the Kansas-Nebraska Act. No room for comprimise on the expansion of slavery. The violance in Kansas was the Democrats (Southern slave holders) fault. Republicans quickly gained support in the Northern states.
After the Supreme Court made it’s ruling on the Dred Scott Case, the Republicans charged that the Democrats wanted to legalize slavery everywhere. Illinois: Senate Seat Republicans nominate Abraham Lincoln Democrats renominate Stephen Douglas
Stephen Douglas Author Kansas- Nebraska Act Popular Sovereignty Abraham Lincoln Little known Laywer Southerns wanted to expand slavery everywhere
The two men debated all over Illinois (7 times). Lincoln: Slavery was “a moral, a social and a political wrong.” It should be stopped from spreading, but not to abolish it completely.
Douglas: Popular Sovereignty was most the democratic method to use. Dred Scott case made Popular Sovereignty unconstitutional. “The people have the lawful means to introduce or exclude it as they please.” Douglas won relection.
Federal Arsenal in Harpers Ferry, Virginia. John Brown and 18 men, 13 whites & 5 blacks. Captue the arsenal and use the arms to rally the local slaves to join him to start a rebellion. October 16, 1859 attack took place and they were able to capture the arsenal.
No slaves came to join him and his gang. They were surounded by Federal troops led by Robert E. Lee. When the fight was over, 10 had been killed and Brown and six of his men had been captured.
Results: John Brown was put on trial for Murder and Treason. Found guilty and sentenced to hanged. North: On the day he was to be Hanged. Abolitionists rang church bells and fired guns in his honor. South: The people were horrified by his actions and were in disbelief by the reactions in the North.