Presentation on theme: "Psychology Perspectives (approaches to studying psychology) psy·chol·o·gy Noun: 1.The scientific study of the human mind and its functions, esp. those."— Presentation transcript:
Psychology Perspectives (approaches to studying psychology) psy·chol·o·gy Noun: 1.The scientific study of the human mind and its functions, esp. those affecting behavior in a given context. 2.The mental characteristics or attitude of a person or group.
Behaviorism View people and animals as controlled by their environment We are the result of what we have learned from our environment how environmental factors (called stimuli) affect observable behavior (called the response). –Classical conditioning –Operant conditioning Only observable behavior should be studied, since it is the only thing that can be measured
Psychodynamic/Psychoanalytic Perspective Behavior is determined by the unconsciousness mind and early childhood experiences We are motivated by impulse rooted in our unconscious mind Both a perspective and a therapy
Humanism Looks at the “whole person” Looks at human behavior not only through the eyes of the observer, but through the eyes of the person doing the behaving Behavior is connected to inner feelings and self image We all are good, and strive to reach full potential (self actualization)
Biological believes that most behavior is inherited and has an adaptive (or evolutionary) function explain behaviors in neurological terms, the physiology and structure of the brain and how this influences behavior Uses drug therapy to treat mental illness
Socio-Cultural based on the assumption that our personalities, beliefs, attitudes. and skills are learned from others culture, ethnic identity, gender identity, socio-economic status More recent approach to studying human behavior
Conclusion No one perspective is the “right” or “only” perspective Each has strengths and weaknesses Most psychologist agree that we must use multiple approaches/perspectives to explain human behavior –McLeod, S. A. (2007). Psychology Perspectives. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/perspective.html