Presentation on theme: "The foundations of memory By S. Aleksandrova. Content : What is memory? Three – stage model of memory Sensory memory Short – term memory Long – term memory."— Presentation transcript:
Sensory memory Sensory memory - Sensory memory corresponds approximately to the initial 200–500 milliseconds after an item is perceived. The ability to look at an item, and remember what it looked like with just a second of observation, or memorisation, is an example of sensory memory. Sensory memory lasts only an instant. Types of sensory memory: Iconic memory Echoic memory Haptic memory
Short-term memory Short-term memory -is the capacity for holding a small amount of information in mind in an active, readily available state for a short period of time. Short-term memory lasts from a few seconds to a minute.
Long-term memory Long Term Memory -contains information that you have recorded in your brain in the past. Long-term memory can last as little as a few days or as long as decades Long-term memory modules : -Declarative memory *Semantic memory *Episodic memory -Procedural memory
How can you improve your memory? Sleep well Organize your life Eat well and eat right
Conclusion : In psychology, memory is an organism's ability to store, retain, and recall information and experiences. Memory is one of the most important things to our life. It helps us to improve our ability to understand the world. Memory traditionally can be devided into three parts : sensory, short-term and long-term memory.
References : Information was taken on September 16th Robert Feldman. “Understanding Psychology”, New York (N.Y.) : McGraw-Hill, 2008 http://www.wikihow.com/Improve-Your-Memory http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Declarative_memory http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Procedural_memory http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Episodic_memory http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semantic_memory
Pictures references: All pictures were picked on September 16th http://www.montonfashion.com/lit/wp212/wp-content/uploads/2008/09/smelio-laikrodis.jpg http://www.kaunozinios.lt/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/klaustukas_sxc.jpg http://www.trukme.lt/uploads/images/LMDP/Lamiga/23_m0204_pilka.jpg http://blog.wonghongting.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/02/thinking-pic.jpg http://ims.mii.lt/klav/nuotrauka1.gif http://hdnaujienos.lt/wp-content/uploads/2009/01/1-13-09-samsung_p2370.jpg http://www.tykiai.lt/wp-content/uploads/2009/02/deze-300x300.jpg http://blog.cyclope-series.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/01/idea_bulb.jpg http://www.nurseweb.villanova.edu/womenwithdisabilities/Stress/Thought2.jpg http://www.dynamicflight.com/avcfibook/learning_process/1-9.gif