Presentation on theme: "Afloat EW and IW Systems Topic 14 Afloat EW/IW Systems"— Presentation transcript:
1 Afloat EW and IW Systems Topic 14 Afloat EW/IW Systems A. IntroductionThe goal for this topic is to introduce the student to the currently fielded afloat SIGINT collection and analysis tools, including those used for ELINT and COMINT. As the nature of this topic is sensitive, the technical details that are necessary for a thorough understanding will be included in follow-on training for students with the need to know.B. Enabling ObjectivesSTATE the currently fielded afloat Electronic Warfare (EW) systems and their basic capabilities and limitations.STATE the currently fielded afloat cryptologic systems.C. Topic OutlineAfloat EW SystemsIntegrated Anti-ship Missile DefenseAN/SLQ-32(V)5Tactical Cryptologic SystemsSSEESSEE on DDGSSEE on LHDTRDFCOBLU and Combat DF10. Embarkable Systems11. HITS12. Cryptologic Systems OverviewD. References1. PMW-180 Program Management Brief dtd 30 Aug 20072. CV/CVN Combat System Information Book (CSIB), NAVSEA, July 2003Topic 14 Afloat EW/IW SystemsEnabling Objectives14.1 STATE the currently fielded afloat Electronic Warfare (EW) systems and their basic capabilities and limitations.14.2 STATE the currently fielded afloat cryptologic systems.
2 EW Systems Afloat EW Systems Figure 14.1 – EW System.Afloat EW SystemsThe AN/SLQ-32(V) shipboard EW system provides electronic support and countermeasure protection for U.S. and international navies. It is the primary EW system carried by major US Navy surface ships, with more than 450 systems produced to date. The (V)1 and (V)2 suites are passive, providing early warning, identification and direction finding capability for simultaneous multiple threats. The (V)3 suite provides an additional active response for simultaneous electronic jamming and deception of multiple threats. The (V)4, an expanded version of the (V)3, is used on aircraft carriers. The (V)5, used on destroyers and frigates, integrates a passive (V)2 with active equipment called “Sidekick.” The SLQ-32(V) system has been in operation since the 1970s and ongoing efforts to restore and upgrade older systems will extend the life of the SLQ-32(V) well into the 21st century.The system achieves EW objectives by providing full threat band frequency coverage, instantaneous azimuth coverage, 100 percent probability of intercept and simultaneous response to multiple threats. It can detect aircraft search and target radars well before they detect the ship. The system’s rapid response time ensures that jamming protection is enabled to prevent long range targeting of the ship and to deceive missiles launched against the ship. The system has an on-line library of emitter types for rapid identification.
3 ASM Integrated Defense AN/SLQ-32(V)3AN/SLQ-32(V)5Figure 14.2 – Integrated ASMD.Nulka DecoyIntegrated Anti-ship Missile DefenseThe SLQ-32(V) is the core of an integrated ASM capability that employs automated threat detection and interfaces to the ship’s combat system. Rapid identification of threats are passed to Command and Decision (C&D) systems or Ship’s Self Defense Systems (SSDS) with automatic recommendations for Electronic Attack and decoy employment. In the 1980s, as a part of the Electronic Warfare Improvement Program (EWIP), the system was upgraded to Rev 17 Software with improved correlation and threat recognition features. These features will ensure that the AN/SLQ-32(V) remains the principal EW system in the fleet until the Advanced Integrated EW System (AIEWS) is introduced.One of the key features of the AN/SLQ-32 is the integration of decoy employment. The MK-36 Super Rapid Blooming Offboard Chaff (SRBOC) and the upgraded MK-53 launcher (NULKA capable) are interfaced to the SLQ-32 for quick threat reaction. An integrated algorithm selects the launcher and rounds automatically for the operator.The SH-60B Seahawk extends the detection horizon of the SLQ-32(V) by employing the AN/SRQ-4 (Hawklink) to interface the onboard AN/ALQ-142 to the SLQ-32, effectively allowing over the horizon detection and tracking capability. The Hawklink is being upgraded from C band to Ku band and data throughput is being enhanced to allow the transmission of data, video or voice.____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________MK-53 LauncherMK-36 LauncherR17 SoftwareSH-60 Seahawk
4 Figure 14.3 – SLQ-32 (V) 5 multibeam array. The SLQ-32(V)5 features SIDEKICK active jamming capability that adapts previous features through smaller, lighter and solid-state components. The SLQ-32(V)5 provides full threat band frequency coverage, instantaneous azimuth coverage, 100 percent probability of intercept and simultaneous response to multiple threats. It can detect threat radars well before they detect the ship. The active jamming avoids long range targeting of the ship and can deceive missiles launched against the ship. The SLQ-32 also has an on-line library of emitters for rapid identification of the threat. The systems multibeam array is the key feature of the SLQ-32 product line. The system's multibeam architecture allows the ECM transmitter to produce very high noise, jamming effective radiated power (ERP), preventing burn-through of a typical targeting radar until its source is within the hard-kill envelope. Typical ant-ship missile radars will not burn-through this jamming power until they can no longer adjust their flight path sufficiently to hit the ship.The lens-fed multibeam array generates very high jamming power at continuous wave, so virtually an unlimited variety of jamming techniques can be used. Many radars of different types, and on different bearings, can be simultaneously engaged, each with a different jamming waveform.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
5 GALE - Functionality Utilities Operations Movement Models Terrain AnalysisPredictive AnalysisArea LimitationELINT AnalysisCOMINT AnalysisSituation AnalysisForce ModelingTrgt DevelopmentTargetingFusionCorrelationThreat AnalysisTracking Friend/FoeGeospatial AnalysisIndications & WarningsElectronic Order of BattleTheater Missile DefenseIntelligence Preparation of the BattlefieldSituation AwarenessWargamingMission RehearsalMission PlanningGeospatial Information System (GIS)Battle Damage Assessment (BDA)Figure 14.4 – GALE Funtionality.GALE-LiteGeneric Area Limitation Environment-Lite (GALE-LITE) is a subsystem of the Generic Area Limitation Environment (GALE) and is a client/server based analysis and exploitation system for intelligence data. It includes end-to-end processing from the reception, parsing, and storing of contact reports, through extensive interactive analysis tools and report generation. The purpose of this interface is to provide Global Command and Control System–Joint (GCCS-J)/Common Operational Picture (COP) with the capability to access and analyze the intelligence data provided by the GALE-LITE system.The key to the COP and GALE-LITE interface is the GALE-LITE Interface Segment (GLIS). GLIS will be installed on GCCS-J/COP workstations at those GCCS sites that possess and maintain a GALE-LITE system. GLIS provides the interface to a “standalone” GALE-LITE TDP processing Integrated Broadcast Service (IBS) Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) and non-SIGINT near real-time data. GLIS allows the transfer of tracks between GALE-LITE and GCCS-J extending the SIGINT analysis and data archiving capability of GCCS-J. This data interface provides for an integrated Situational Awareness, Intelligence and Warning (I&W), and COP environment improving the manual entry of significant tactical near-real-time data.GLIS is a two-way interface allowing operators to send tracks from GALE-LITE to GCCS-J and vice versa. Initial effort focuses on a manual push from one TDP to another. Future releases will allow for smart automated push from GALE-LITE to GCCS-J allowing GALE-LITE to be used as an in-line SIGINT and non-SIGINT correlator.
6 GALE-Lite Tools Functionality Figure 14.5: GALE-Lite.FunctionalityGALE LITE is a UNIX/X Windows-based workstation which enables ELINT analysts to perform multiple tasks simultaneously and can store several gigabytes worth of contact reports for historical analysis. Features include:-Multiple, automatic, multi-source correlators/trackers for real-time monitoring-Audio/Visual alerts for high interest contacts-Large database storage capacity for long-term historical analysis-Rapid retrieval and efficient database structure allows for quick database search and analysis-Color graphics and flexible data coloring scheme for easy data interpretation-On-line EOB and EPL with search and overlay capability-Convolving tool for accurate location of fixed sites-OPS clock, histogram, scattergram, and other analysis tools-Capability to send graphics and information between workstations-Track animation capability-Filtering and display of operator-defined data subsets__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
7 Figure 14.6 – Tactical Cryptologic Systems. Tactical Cryptologic Systems Signals Collection, Location, and ExploitationSSEECCOPCOBLUHITS“Cryptologic-capable”Combat DF“To provide timely, relevant, integrated National and Tactical intelligence information systems and services that enable the war fighter to place weapons on target and protect our country’s interests.”T-RDFFigure 14.6 – Tactical Cryptologic Systems.Tactical Cryptologic SystemsIn addition to the EW equipment used to gather tactical ELINT information, strike groups have organic assets and equipment to also gather other SIGINT, including COMINT.The purpose of the tactical Cryptologic Systems program is to provide timely, relevant, integrated national and tactical intelligence information systems and services that enable the warfighter to place weapons on target and protect the country’s interest.Typically, the systems depicted in Figure 14.6 would be installed in the Ship’s Signal Exploitation Space (SSES). The SSES functions to provide the tactical commander with near real-time information regarding hostile or potentially hostile activity beyond the range of normal shipboard sensors. In addition to early warning information, it provides amplifying data on tracks already held or soon likely to be held by real-time sensors.As the majority of technical information on these systems is classified beyond the scope of this course, additional details will be included in follow-on training for some students.____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
8 Ship Signal Exploitation Equipment (SSEE INC E & D) Organic to the CSG/ESGHighly sensitive signal collection systemNetworked with worldwide resourcesProvides Indications and WarningHF/VHF/UHF Direction Finding and GeolocationDF utilizing TRDF (Inc. D)Supports Force ProtectionBlue Water and LittoralBlue Force MonitoringNational TaskingInformation SuperiorityProvides access to informationEnables speed of commandShipboard Electronic Attack (EA) capabilityFigure 14.7 – SSEE.Ship Signal Exploitation Equipment (SSEE) ( AN/SSQ-137V)SSEE is an evolutionary acquisition program that uses commercial off-the-shelf/non developmental item (COTS/NDI) technology as the building block to improve the tactical cryptologic and Information Warfare (IW) exploitation capability for surface combatant platforms. SSEE provides the afloat cryptologist with threat identification and analysis of Communications Intelligence (COMINT).The system is upgraded incrementally, as improvements are developed. SSEE Increment E employs the Maritime Cryptologic Strategy for the 21st century (MCS-21) concept of a single core architecture that is easily modernized and scaled in capability. Equipment Includes Receivers, RF Management Systems, Recorders, Audio Distribution Systems, Computers, Antennas and Ancillary Hardware.The system design permits the rapid insertion of new and emerging technology to address the evolving threat. The system will use generic processor technology to counteract obsolescence issues with Digital Signal Processing (DSP) technologies and provide software receivers for ease of modification to deal with known and projected exotic threat signals of interest.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
9 The Ship is the Sensor SSEE-E on USS McCain (DDG-56) The mast-mounted antenna provides omni-directional coverage in the VHF and UHF frequency ranges.Mast AntennaStarboardSPLIT ROCKPortSPLIT ROCKFigure 14.8 – SSEE on the DDG.AVK“HF Loop” Antennas (6 total)Deck Edge Antennas provide HF coverage and are mounted on a ship’s deck or hull, encircling the ship so as to provide 360 degrees of reception.SSEE Inc. E in SSESFigure 14.9 – SSEE on the LHD.
11 Figure 14.11 – COBLU and Combat DF. COBLU/Combat DFCooperative OUTBOARD Logistics Upgrade (COBLU) (AN/SSQ-124)Combat DF (AN/SRS-1)Both are organic to CSG/ESG and provide:Indications and WarningSignal/Intercept AnalysisHF/VHF/UHF Signal DetectionHF/VHF/UHF Direction FindingForce ProtectionBlue Water and LittoralNetworked with worldwide resourcesProvides access to National SIGINT sourcesFigure – COBLU and Combat DF.Cooperative OUTBOARD Logistics Upgrade (COBLU)COBLU is an upgrade to the Classic Organizational Unit Tactical Baseline Operational Area Radio Detection (OUTBOARD) Countermeasures Exploitation System, a US Navy shipboard direction finding system. COBLU provides the capability to detect, locate, and identify hostile targets at long- range and input this information into the ship’s tactical data system.Combat Direction Finding (Combat DF)The Navy’s CDF system is an automated long range hostile target signal acquisition and direction finding system that can detect, locate, categorize and archive data into the ship’s tactical data system. CDF provides commanders near-real-time indications and warning (I&W), situational awareness, and cueing information for targeting systems._______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________