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Fundamental Principles of Democracy

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Presentation on theme: "Fundamental Principles of Democracy"— Presentation transcript:

1 Fundamental Principles of Democracy
Protection of fundamental ________ Certain freedoms/rights are _____________ to citizens Consent of the governed Citizens must ________ with the actions of the government or they have the right to ________ it freedoms guaranteed agree change

2 Fundamental Principles of Democracy
Limited government Government should not be all ____________ Rule of law Neither the government or those who _______ are _________ the law Majority ______ with protection of _______ rights Most of the people will be right most of the time but conflicting views and __________ should be respected and _______ powerful govern above rules minority opinions protected

3 Fundamental Principles of Democracy
Popular sovereignty The people will _____ themselves Representative Democracy A form of government that the people _____ public officeholders to make laws and __________ the government on their ________ rule elect conduct behalf

4 Documents influencing the Constitution
Charters of the Virginia Company Authorized the VA Company to start a colony (______________) Allowed for a _______________ government Gave colonists the same _________ as Englishmen Jamestown representative rights

5 Documents influencing the Constitution
Virginia Declaration of Rights Model for the U.S. Bill of Rights Provided for Freedom of ______, right to a fair _____, and freedom of the _____ for Virginians Currently the ________ to Virginia Constitution religion trial press introduction

6 Documents influencing the Constitution
Virginia Statute of Religious Freedom Separated ______ and ______ (state could not establish an official religion) Established religious _________ Written by Thomas __________ Basis for the _________Amendment church state freedom Jefferson first

7 Documents influencing the Constitution
Declaration of Independence Written by Thomas Jefferson, 1776 Explained to the world why the colonies should break away from __________ _________ without representation ___________ to pass ____ needed by colonies Forced to _________ soldiers in their homes England taxation refusing laws quarter

8 Documents influencing the Constitution
Declaration of Independence (cont.) Stated that all people have the “unalienable rights to ____, ______, and the pursuit of __________” Used “_________ of the governed” as a reason for revolt All _______ are created _________ Life, Liberty happiness consent men equal

9 Documents influencing the Constitution
Articles of Confederation First ______________ of U.S. Created a ______ national government National government could not _______ Most of the power held by the _________ constitution weak tax states

10 Citizenship Individual with certain ______ and _______ under a government and who, by ______ or by _______ owes allegiance to that government rights duties birth choice

11 Obtaining U.S. Citizenship
By ________ either within the __________ of the United States or to U.S. ______________ birth territory citizen (parents)

12 Obtaining U.S. Citizenship
Citizenship defined by ______ Amendment of U.S. Constitution The 14th Amendment to the Constitution was ratified on July 9, 1868, and granted citizenship to “all persons born or naturalized in the United States,” 14th

13 14th Amendment Passed by Congress June 13, 1866. Ratified July 9, 1868
Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

14 Obtaining U.S. Citizenship
Naturalization Person must demonstrate knowledge of American ______ and __________ Ability to speak and write _________ Residency requirement ___ years in U.S. 3 years if _________ to an U.S. citizen Take an oath of ______________ to the United States history principles English 5 married allegiance

15 Civics Test for Naturalization Process

16 Serve in the Armed Forces Serve as a witness in court Serve on a jury
Duties Serve in the Armed Forces Serve as a witness in court Serve on a jury Pay Taxes Obey Laws Citizens who choose not to fulfill these civic duties face legal consequences

17 voluntary elective communicating vote campaigns informed equal
Responsibilities Civic Serve in _________, appointed positions voluntary Influence government by ________________ with government officials Hold _______ office elective communicating Participate in political __________ Register and ____ vote campaigns Civic responsibilities are fulfilled by choice; they are voluntary Keep ___________ regarding current issues Respect others’ rights to an ________ voice in government informed equal

18 Personal Traits of Good Citizens
Trustworthiness and _________ Courtesy and respect for the _____ of others Responsibility, ____________, and self-reliance Respect for the _____ ____________ Informed __________ Participant in the ______ and/or _________________ honesty rights accountability law Patriotism voter school local community

19 Community Service Volunteer Volunteer tutoring public
___________ for organizations(for example, League of Women Voters) _____________ for public service organizations ________________ Expressing concern about ____________ issues Volunteer tutoring public

20 Community Service (cont.)
Help make the community a good place to _______ and ______ (for example, involvement with public service orgs., tutoring, volunteering in nursing homes) work live

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