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Modified over 6 years ago
1 Direct and Indirect Objects AND Predicate Nouns and Adjectives Created by Brent Coley 2008 Adapted by Debbie Andrus 2015
2 ✓ Receives the ACTION of the verb ✓ Must follow an ACTION VERB. ✓ Will answer WHAT or WHOM after the ACTION VERB. ✓ Will be a NOUN or PRONOUN. Direct Objects
3 The boy hit the ball. #1: In this sentence, what is the action verb? #2 Now ask yourself the question, “What or whom did the boy hit?”
4 Practice Time
5 In the following sentences, first identify the action verb. Then identify the direct object.
6 Susan answered the phone.
7 Yesterday, I spoke with John.
8 Bob walks his dog after school.
9 The dog ate the bone.
10 The student did her homework.
11 Without a very good fishing rod, you will catch nothing. L1 L2 L3 L4
12 Without a very good fishing rod, you will catch nothing. L1 prep adj adv adj adj N pro V V pro L2 Subj Predicate DO L3 Prep Phrase-------------------- L4 Independent/Declarative
13 ✓ Must follow an ACTION VERB. ✓ Will answer WHAT or WHOM after the ACTION VERB. ✓ Will be a NOUN or PRONOUN. Direct Objects TUESDAY:
14 Direct 0bjects Derrick bought Derrick bought what? a cat a cat.
15 ➢ will always follow an ACTION VERB. ➢ will always have a DIRECT OBJECT. ➢ will come BEFORE the D. O. ➢ will come AFTER the action verb. ➢ will answer TO or FOR whom or what. Indirect Objects
16 Derrickbought Jimmya cat. Derrick bought what? a cat For whom? Jimmy
17 Things to Remember: ➢ Some sentences will have ONLY Direct Objects. ➢ Some sentences will have BOTH Direct Objects and Indirect Objects.
18 Practice: Chris gave Sammy a treat. What is the verb? gave/action What did Chris give? a treat D.O. Whom did Chris give the treat? Sammy I.O
19 John read his nephew an exciting story.
20 The doctor sent me a bill for his services.
21 Yesterday, Sam fed the screaming seagulls scraps. L1 L2 L3 L4
22 Yesterday, Sam fed the screaming seagulls scraps. L1 adv N V adj adj N N L2 Sub. Predicate I.D. D.O. L3 L4 Independent/Declarative/Simple
23 ✓ Follows a LINKING VERB. ✓ Tells what the SUBJECT is. ✓ Answers WHAT or HOW ✓ Can replace the verb with EQUAL/S Predicate Nouns or Predicate Nominative (also called a Subject COmplement)
24 I am a teacher.
25 Dr. Couchworthy is acting president of the university.
26 She used to be the tallest girl on the team.
27 ✓ Follows a LINKING VERB. ✓ Tells something about the SUBJECT (describes it!) ✓ Answers WHAT or HOW ✓ Is an ADJECTIVE Predicate Adjective (also called a Subject COmplement)
28 I am hungry.
29 Ramonita is beautiful.
30 His behavior has been outrageous.
31 Practice Time
32 In each of the following sentences, the linking verb is underlined. Identify the predicate noun or predicate adjective.
33 Sarah was happy yesterday morning. What was she? happy Predicate adjective
34 Billy and Sally are engineers. What are they? engineers (Billy and Sally equal engineers.) Predicate noun
35 They were absent from school. What were they? absent Predicate adjective
36 The rose smells fresh. How does it smell? fresh Predicate adjective
37 She is an actress. What is she? An actress (She equals an actress.) Predicate noun
38 The location was a secret between you and me. L1 L2 L3 L4
39 The location was a secret between you and me. L1 adj N LV adj N prep pro conj pro L2 Subj Pred PredN L3 Prep Phrase L4 INDEP/Declarative/Simple
40 The bottom of the sea near the islands is sandy. L1 L2 L3 L4 Secret Sentence for the Quiz
41 The bottom of the sea near the islands is sandy. L1 adj N prep adj N prep adj N LV N L2 Subj Pred PredN L3 Prep Phrase Prep Phrase--- L4 INDEP/Declarative/Simple Secret Sentence for the Quiz
Review of PA, PN, DO, IO AGAIN!!!!!!!!!!!!. You must first find your verb Decide if your verb is action or linking. Remember----linking verbs are am,
words that make a sentence more meaningful
Basic Sentence Construction
Direct Objects Predicate Nouns Predicate Adjectives.
The word complement comes from the Latin word complere which means “to fill up or complete”. Complements COMPLETE the meaning of a verb.
GRAMMAR UNIT: COMPLEMENTS Definition: Words that complete the thoughts of a sentence are called complements. There are 2 kinds of complements: those that.
Personal Pronouns A pronoun is a word that takes the place of one or more nouns. The most frequently used pronouns are called personal pronouns. They.
Subjects, Complements, and Predicates By: Subjects: The Break Down Simple Subject Book Definition: “The main word or word group that tells whom or what.
Predicate Nominatives. A predicate nominative is a noun (naming word) or a pronoun (a word used in place of a noun) that is the same as the subject of.
EQ: How do I identify and use the correct verb in a sentence?
Direct objects must follow an action verb.
Complements and Completers 2013 Complement and Completers A complement or a completer is a word or a group of words that completes the meaning begun.
Sentence Parts and Patterns
Noun Noun—person, place, thing, or idea CommonProper person worker……....Sally place store……...Wal-Mart.
Parts of Speech There are eight parts of speech: noun adverb
Nouns The Five Jobs of a Noun Review and practice for remembering how to identify these jobs.
Dr. Kenny. COPY THE FOLLOWING: It was (she, her) who came with us to the movies. (I, Me) gave into the pressure. All of us would rather be with (he, him)
The Parts of a Sentence Every complete sentence contains two parts: a subject and a predicate. The subject is what (or whom) the sentence is about, while.
Prepositional Phrases Always contain PREPOSITION and OBJECT OF PREPOSITION (NOUN) After school Sometimes contain adjectives in the middle Before the exhausting.
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