Presentation on theme: "Matthew Williams & Bruce Mason Cardiff University"— Presentation transcript:
1Online Ethnographic Research and Dissemination: Method, Ethics and Practice Matthew Williams & Bruce MasonCardiff UniversityPresented at Research Methods Programme Online resources workshop 16/12/2004
2The ScopeAssessing the methods, pratice and ethical considerations of online ethnographic research.Assessing how to build ethical practice into all phases of an ethnographic project for online dissemination.
3Online Participant Observation Online Focus Groups virtual ethnography: the ethical challenges of researching online environmentsOnline Participant ObservationOnline Focus Groups
4informed consent & anonymity Turbulent & shifting online populationsPublic vs. private online discourseOnline disinhibitiononline public discourse may be considered privateAsynchronous communicationpossibility of virtual informed consentDifficulty achieving online anonymity
5established ethical guidelines ISP acceptable use policiesCPSR, EFF, AoIROnline community codes of conductImplications of certain lawsData Protection Act 1998
6reciprocity in online research Ease of transmitting online informationParticipant can review and reflect on digital dataFurther ethical dilemmas of representing data online
7Insights from “Ethnography in the Digital Age” Multimedia fieldwork in the real world.Hypermedia presentation online.And an aggrevating factor…
9Ethics and consent in the field Looking to achieve active, informed consentOpt in vs. opt out consentActive consent allows subjects to withdraw consent laterConsent for reuse and repurposing
10Simple consent form used during visitor interviews. Used with subjects who will have personal contact with researchers.Requires an informational leaflet.No explicit space for restrictions.
11Consent form to be used alongside an informational flyer with restrictions added. Used during Photo essay and vox pop project.
12Detailed Consent form used during photography at research site used during a “photo essay” task. Minimal contact with researchers except during the consent process.Explicit, active consent with restriction boxes.
13Warning poster Used alongside an informational flyer. To warn people that they may be recorded as part of a research project.Used when there is no intent to identify potential subjects caught on camera.
17Online DisseminationThe Ethnographic Hypermedia Environment (EHE) online.Not just online datasetNot just online scholarshipData Protection act looms large. Do you know who your Data Protection Officer is?Procedures for handling indvidual media types are often relatively well known but combining media (multi/hypermedia) facilitates unexpected identification.GOOGLE!It can identify peopleIt can misidentify people
18Do you know who’s looking? Internation online (Web/Grid) dissemination.E.g. Data Protection act forbids sharing data held under the act outside of EU. (e.g. USA).Password protection (personal or via a facility such as Athens)Use copyright to prevent re-use and re-purposing?Surely the whole point is to enable reuse.
19Oh Brave New World Industrialisation of teaching Don’t Panic? If teaching is becoming an industry what impact will this have on the research process?As an example, full economic costing is being applied to research funding. What impact might that have on our relationship with research participants?Don’t Panic?Are we over-concerned about the ethical issues?