Presentation on theme: "PROJECT: CENSUS RELIGION IRELAND Malcolm Macourt CCSR 3 rd April 2007."— Presentation transcript:
PROJECT: CENSUS RELIGION IRELAND Malcolm Macourt CCSR 3 rd April 2007
PROJECT: CENSUS RELIGION IRELAND COUNTING THE PEOPLE OF GOD? A question in the Census since 1861 Exploring the meanings of religious profession used by respondents to the Census over 150 years Using census sources, a study of the causes of change in the Church of Ireland population since 1861
PROJECT: CENSUS RELIGION IRELAND Reviewing the development of the Censuses, North and South 670,000 in 1861 – now 360,000 Increasing % in the North until 1951, then decline getting faster Steady % in the South until 1911, then fast decline, then increase
CENSUS RELIGION IRELAND MEASURING NEW SOCIAL PHENOMENA IN THE CENSUS: The New Irish and religion – a case study [only the Republic of Ireland]
CENSUS RELIGION IRELAND population history since 1926 Slow decline until the 1960s 2.8m Stop-start increase until mid 1990s The Celtic Tiger economy : inward migration 250,000 [apparent slow-down since 2004] 4.3m
CENSUS RELIGION IRELAND The New Irish Who are the New Irish? religion? nationality? country of birth? immediate past residence? ?? Ethnicity ??
CENSUS RELIGION IRELAND The New Irish : Religion What is your religion? 1. Roman Catholic 2. Church of Ireland 3. Presbyterian 4. Methodist 5. Islam 6. Other, write in your RELIGION
CENSUS RELIGION IRELAND The New Irish : Place of Birth What is your place of birth? Give the place where your mother lived at the time of your birth …… If elsewhere ABROAD, write in the COUNTRY.
CENSUS RELIGION IRELAND The New Irish: When? Have you lived outside the Republic of Ireland for a continuous period of one year or more? If YES: Write in the YEAR of last taking up residence in the Republic of Ireland AND the country of last previous residence
CENSUS RELIGION IRELAND The New Irish : Nationality What is your Nationality? If you have more than one nationality, please declare all of them 1. Irish 2. Other NATIONALITY, write in … 3. No nationality
CENSUS RELIGION IRELAND 2002 CENSUS Population: de jure and de facto Those temporarily in the state – e.g. tourists and business people – 58,708 in themed volumes: Volume 4: Usual Residence, Migration, Birthplaces and Nationalities Volume 12: Religion
CENSUS RELIGION IRELAND The New Irish 1 table religion (10 categories) by nationality (9 categories) 1 table nationality (17) by birth country (12) 1 table birth country (8) by religion (10) usual residence one year previously outside the State: 1 table born in Republic or elsewhere by former country of usual residence (25 categories) 1 table Irish nationality or other nationality by former country of usual residence (25 categories)
CENSUS RELIGION IRELAND The New Irish : SAR % SAR 29 variables [also % Place of Work SAR] Geography: county AND urban/rural Religion: Roman Catholic (88½%), Church of Ireland (3%), Other Stated Religions (3%), None (3½%), Not Stated (2%)
CENSUS RELIGION IRELAND The New Irish : SAR Birthplace and previous residence: NI, GB, EU-13, USA, others Nationality: Irish/not Irish Year of (last) moving to Republic: <51, 51-60, 61-70, 71-80, 81-90, 91-95, 96-02
CENSUS RELIGION IRELAND The New Irish : SAPS Small Area Population Statistics 1161 items on each Electoral Division 3400 Electoral Divisions [pop 3.9m 02] Wildly different sizes: most 300–1000 in rural areas; 3,000-10,000 urban areas Nothing at all on When? Limited range of responses included
CENSUS RELIGION IRELAND The New Irish : SAPS Religion: Roman Catholic (88½%); All other stated religions (6%); None (3½%); not stated (2%) Nationality: Irish (including dual nationality); British; Other Birth country: Republic; UK; elsewhere
CENSUS RELIGION IRELAND results in published volumes R CC of IPresMethOrthChIslamOSRNoneNS Irish Non-Irish British EU E European African Asian American Other Not Stated
CENSUS RELIGION IRELAND results from published volumes 54% of Muslims had African or Asian nationalities 20% of Methodists and 15% of Christians had African nationalities 75% of (eastern) Orthodox (Christians) had eastern European nationalities 25% of those with African nationalities were Roman Catholic 25% of those with Asian nationalities declared that they had no religion
CENSUS RELIGION IRELAND results from published volumes 20,977 born in the USA – but 11,135 with United States (only) nationality Born in Nigeria 8,893; in China (inc HK) 7,163; South Africa 6,137; Australia 5,947; Romania 5,765; Philippines 3,927; Pakistan 3,322; India 3,311 [2006: Poland 63,100, Lithuania 24,800]
CENSUS RELIGION IRELAND results from published volumes UK nationals constituted: a little over half of those Roman Catholics who were not Irish 80% of those reported as Church of Ireland who were not Irish Half of all UK nationals were Roman Catholics; 20% were reported as Church of Ireland; 15% had no religion
CENSUS RELIGION IRELAND 5% SAR: Migrated from USA and RC 5%SARBirthplaceNationality Year migrated Republic USAUK Other TotalIrishNon- Irish NS < Not Stated Total
CENSUS RELIGION IRELAND 5% SAR: Migrated from GB and CofI 5% SARBirthplaceNationality Year migrated RepublicUKOtherTotalIrishNon- Irish < Not Stated Total
CENSUS RELIGION IRELAND SAPS: 3 small towns in the west TOWNResident population Born outside Isles Other stated religions Religion Not stated Ballyhaunis Gort Roscommon
CENSUS RELIGION IRELAND SAPS: dormitory suburb LUCAN Ward of LUCAN Resident population Born outside Isles Other stated religions No religion Lucan-Esker Lucan- St. Helens Lucan Heights Lucan North
CENSUS RELIGION IRELAND The New Irish Dramatic reduction in asylum seekers: Principle of safe country of origin incorporated into the States immigration laws in 2003 Automatic citizenship for those born in Ireland stopped by referendum decision in 2004
CENSUS RELIGION IRELAND The New Irish What would provide a coherent description of the New Irish from a coherent Census? Could additional questions be used to identify relevant information?
CENSUS RELIGION IRELAND Can new information be provided in a form which does NOT: threaten the integrity of the Census endanger the response rate endanger the lives and livelihoods of immigrants
CENSUS RELIGION IRELAND The New Irish New question in the CENSUS held in APRIL 2006 What is your ethnic or cultural background? Choose one section from A to D, then tick the appropriate box
CENSUS RELIGION IRELAND Ethnic or cultural background A: White 1. Irish 2. Irish Traveller 3. Any other White background B: Black or Black Irish 4. African 5. Any other Black background C: Asian or Asian Irish 6. Chinese 7. Any other Asian background D: Other, including mixed background 8. Other, write in description…
CENSUS RELIGION IRELAND published 29 th March 2007 White: Irish3, % White: Irish Traveller % Any other White background % Black or Black Irish: African % Any other Black background3.80.1% Asian or Asian Irish: Chinese % Any other Asian background % Other including mixed background % Not Stated % Total4, %
PROJECT: CENSUS RELIGION IRELAND To what extent should a conventional Census of Population provide detailed evidence on a new social phenomenon?
PROJECT: CENSUS RELIGION IRELAND Should questions in a national census be devised to address proximal social questions? OR Should a census be a bench- marking tool, asking long-tested questions?
PROJECT: CENSUS RELIGION IRELAND In publishing Census data where should the balance be struck between: Individual and family privacy AND Societys need to have reliable evidence through which social needs may be addressed