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Center for Education Research and Teacher Training 1/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Motives for Primary.

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Presentation on theme: "Center for Education Research and Teacher Training 1/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Motives for Primary."— Presentation transcript:

1 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training 1/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Motives for Primary School Choice: Do they differ between ethnic groups? Claudia Schuchart, University of Wuppertal

2 2/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training

3 3/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training Overview 1. Theoretical assumptions and research questions 2. School choice in North-Rhine Westphalia 3. Data and analytical strategy 4. Research findings 5. Summary and outlook

4 4/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training Results from other studies Different degrees of choice (Söderström & Uusitalo 2005, Burgess et al. 2004) Parental motives for school choice: –Proximity and average school achievement (Hastings et al. 2005) –Student composition (Bifulco et al (2007, 2008) Riedel et al (2009): Beeing Turkish (and therefore, a Muslim) has a negtive effect on choice

5 5/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training Research questions Does the change in the degree of choice have an effect on the individual choice behavior? What are the reasons lying behind the choices made by Muslim and non-Muslim parents?

6 6/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training Overview 1. Theoretical assumptions and research questions 2. School choice in North-Rhine Westphalia 3. Data and analytical strategy 4. Research findings 5. Summary and outlook

7 7/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training School Choice in North-Rhine Westphalia (NRW) other school Assigned public school Assigned denom. school Before 2008

8 8/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training School Choice in North-Rhine Westphalia (NRW) other school Assigned public school other school Assigned public school Assigned denom. school Before 2008 Assigned denom. school 2008

9 9/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training

10 10/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training

11 11/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training

12 12/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training

13 13/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training Overview 1. Theoretical assumptions and research questions 2. School choice in North-Rhine Westphalia 3. Data and analytical strategy 4. Research findings 5. Summary and outlook

14 14/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training Data description Two sources: –Official and school statistics –Survey of parents conducted in May 2008 Effect of change in the degree of choice: statistics Individual choice behavior: survey data and statistics

15 15/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training T1: Sample description (%) AllNon-MuslimMuslim Not assigned school Distance assigned school (m) Student is Muslim2021 % Turks school district % academic track: choosen – assigned school Observation

16 16/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training Academic track school Intermediate track school Basic track school Academic qualification Intermediate certificate Lower secondary certificate Primary School (Grundschule) Comprehensive school School structure in NRW

17 17/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training T1: Sample description (%) AllNon-MuslimMuslim Not assigned school Distance assigned school (m) Student is Muslim2021 % Turks school district % academic track: choosen – assigned school Observation

18 18/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training Survey data May 2008 Telephone survey of parents with preschool children Questions about choice behavior, family socioeconmic characteristics, neighborhood and parish life Use of sampling weights

19 19/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training Survey interviews Full sample 08\09

20 20/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training School Choice in North-Rhine Westphalia (NRW) other school Assigned public school other school Assigned denom. school 2008 Choice

21 21/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training T 2: Sample description (Survey data) RangeAll Non- Muslim Muslim Choice% Read to child Full employment% Location of school Reputation of school Composition of school Achievement of school % student is Muslim% % student ist Catholic% Transfer to academic track% Distance assigned school% observation

22 22/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training The analytical strategy Two lines: –Studying choice behavior over the time (official and school statistics) –Explaining different choice behavior of Muslim and non-Muslim parents (survey data) Method: Linear Regression models. –dependent variable: wether or not parents opt out of the assigned public school

23 23/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training Overview 1. Theoretical assumptions and research questions 2. School choice in North-Rhine Westphalia 3. Data and analytical strategy 4. Research findings 5. Summary and outlook

24 24/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training ) location 2) reputation- 3) composition-.33 4) achievement ) employment---- 6) read to child ) % Muslim ) % academic track ) distance T 3: Results: Correlation analysis

25 25/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training ) location 2) reputation- 3) composition-.33 4) achivement ) employment---- 6) Read to child ) % Muslim ) % academic track ) distance T 3: Results: Correlation analysis

26 26/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training ) location 2) reputation- 3) Composition-.33 4) achivement ) Employment---- 6) Read to child ) % Muslim ) % academic track ) distance T 3: Results: Correlation analysis

27 27/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training T4: Decision not to attend assigned public school 2007/ All Distance % Turks school district Student is muslim % academic track (diff) Year = Observations R

28 28/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training T 5: Motives for school choice, by ethnic groups Non- Muslim MuslimNon- Muslim MuslimNon- Muslim Muslim Employment father Read with child.04 Location of school Reputation of school Student composition of school Achievement level of school % student is muslim % student is catholic Transfer to academic track Distance assigned school R

29 29/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training T 6: Motives for school choice, by ethnic groups 78 Non- Muslim Muslim Employment father Read with child Location of school Reputation of school Student composition of school Achievement level of school % student is muslim % student is catholic Transfer to academic track Distance assigned school.11 R

30 30/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training Overview 1. Theoretical assumptions and research questions 2. School choice in North-Rhine Westphalia 3. Data and analytical strategy 4. Research findings 5. Summary and outlook

31 31/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training Summary and outlook After the new legislation, Muslim as well as non- Muslim parents choose more often not the assigned public school However: Muslim parents choose clearly less often a not assigned school than non-Muslim parents Different values of composition and achievement level of a school: –non Muslim parents: composition and achievement –Muslim parents: achievement, not composition

32 32/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training Summary and outlook Differences do not explain why Muslim parents do not choose more often a not assigned school Keys to understand this finding: –Information seeking strategies –neighborhood Further research: comparing the neighboring cities Solingen and Wuppertal

33 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training 33/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Thank you for your attention! Presentation based on the paper Motives by primary school choice by Kerstin Schneider – Claudia Schuchart – Horst Weishaupt – Andrea Riedel

34 34/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training T5: Decision not to attend assigned public school 2007/2008 by denomination 45 MuslimNon-Muslim Distance % Turks school district % academic track (diff) Year = Observations R

35 35/ Claudia Schuchart: Motives for Primary School Choice. Bristol, 10th Juny 2009 Center for Education Research and Teacher Training Sample description (%) Non-MuslimMuslim Not assigned school Distance assigned school Student is Muslim % Turks school district3356 academic track: choosen – assigned school Transfer academic track Oberservations


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