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APG TF Carbon Capture and Storage R&D An industry perspective Tony Oliver, K-S Tech Ltd (Advanced Power Generation Technology Forum) Royal Academy of Engineering,

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Presentation on theme: "APG TF Carbon Capture and Storage R&D An industry perspective Tony Oliver, K-S Tech Ltd (Advanced Power Generation Technology Forum) Royal Academy of Engineering,"— Presentation transcript:

1 APG TF Carbon Capture and Storage R&D An industry perspective Tony Oliver, K-S Tech Ltd (Advanced Power Generation Technology Forum) Royal Academy of Engineering, 28 February 2008

2 Latest position UK CAT strategy – R&D, component demos, pilot scale demos, work on regulations etc. Actions out to 2010 BERR CAT strategy CCS demonstration competition - single post-combustion 300MW power plant with CCS by 2014 European Council – all new fossil PSs with CCS from 2020(now an aspiration) IEA at UNFCCC Bali conf – 600 CCS plants by 2030

3 BCURA Coal Science Lecture London OTTER - 8th October P 3

4 New Vision Original CAT strategy remains sound but must be accelerated More focus on deployment - what is required to get to deployment - what will be required by markets Need to revitalise whole of innovation process for capture storage and monitoring - from Research right through to Deployment Lessons learnt from previous successes eg fgd, low NOx, need to be applied to CCS

5 Revised CAT Strategy – Areas to be addressed Action areas: - RD&D priorities - Deployment of CATs - Public attitudes - Legal and regulatory - Development of a market mechanism for CO 2 - Development of CO 2 transport /storage networks - Technology transfer Linkage to Research Council programmes Linkage to TSB and other funding bodies Positioning and linkage for EU programmes International collaboration Planning, funding and timescales

6 BCURA Coal Science Lecture London OTTER - 8th October P 6 Carbon Capture Technologies Accepted need for a portfolio approach All technologies need to be addressed Retrofit and new plant application

7 BCURA Coal Science Lecture London OTTER - 8th October P 7 CO 2 Transport and Storage Key Issues Infrastructure Requirement Cost Reduction Public Acceptance Safe and Effective Storage Developing the Legal, Regulatory & Fiscal Framework Safety and acceptance of CO 2 storage

8 R&D HML Power Plant Issues: Efficiency Improvement, Pollutants and Control Materials, fabrication, inspection, monitoring and life assessment technologies for progressive increases in steam temperature and pressure to 350 bar and 750°C X -Particular issues relating to high nickel alloys X Utilisation of waste heat including domestic and industrial heating schemes X Gas turbine technology issues X Multi–pollutant control, including mercury, and interaction of pollutant control with carbon capture and plant efficiency X Flexibility of operation and control, control and instrumentation issues in general X Co-use of Biomass Advanced cofiring or co-gasification (up to 20% or more by heat input), including corrosion, slagging and fouling issues X Efficient preparation and processing of biomass energy crops (e.g. pelletisation, torrefaction) X Other cycles using biomass (e.g. biomass feedwater heating) X Materials issues for biomass use X Carbon Dioxide Capture Technologies Post-combustion (scrubbing) Process optimisation X New and less energy intensive solvents (e.g. advanced amines and ammonia) X Avoidance of solvent degradation X Health and Safety issues particularly for amines X Membrane technology X Pre-combustion Capture Gasification : process integration/optimisation, improved availability load following and control X Gas cleaning : improved reliability X Gas conditioning: CO 2 capture : integration and optimisation of shift conversion and CO 2 capture processes, conditioning of H 2 fuel gas stream for GT X Gas turbine : Premix burners for hydrogen X Air separation unit : Process optimisation, improved absorbents for contamination removal, high efficiency packings for distilling fluids close to supercritical conditions X Polygeneration – production of electricity, hydrogen etc X Gas separation membranes - oxygen/nitrogen X Gas separation membranes - carbon dioxide/hydrogen X

9 Oxyfuel combustion Process optimisation - including start-up/shut-down X Combustion chemistry and kinetics X Heat transfer prediction X Materials for oxyfuel environment, corrosion issues X Ash properties X Flue gas cleaning to meet CO 2 specifications X ASUs: selection, cycle optimisation X Flue gas cleaning and conditioning X Oxygen separation membranes X Pilot plant tests (scale up to 100MWe) MF X New and Emerging CO 2 Capture technologies Chemical looping X Other novel concepts/cycles X Carbon Dioxide Transport and Storage Transport Corrosion behaviour of pipelines as a function of material, temperature, etc X Alternative materials, joining technologies, sealing technologies X Crack formation and growth X Technologies for CO 2 ships X Use of current North Sea infrastructure X Health & Safety Issues : including impact of impurities, risks associated with major releases both on and off shore X Storage Gather experimental data and develop proper modelling and measuring, monitoring and verification techniques, together with knowledge and methods on trapping, rock and fluid properties, stability/integrity and CO 2 mobility X Assess/develop cost-effective methods for managing impact of sub-surface uncertainty on performance prediction and risk. X Develop database of equilibrium and kinetic data for use in coupled geochemical modelling of storage systems. X Develop remote sensing techniques that give improved characterisation of stability of storage sites. e.g. geomechanical properties for fault stability X Assess potential for storage in saline aquifers. e.g. develop atlas of sea and saline formation properties for North Sea X ECBM/UCG - real absorption capacity of coal as function of depth and permeability X Environment Risk of leakage X Dispersion following leakage X Impact of leaks on eco systems X Impacts of seepage on shallow marine systems X Public perception issues X

10 APG TF Concluding remarks Importance of clean use of fossil fuels - a critical transitional issue in getting to a sustainable energy future - an essential part of the portfolio Importance of accelerating the take-up of CCS - CCS Competition is good news but need more focus on deployment covering whole chain – capture, transport and storage (many of a kind) - Must involve whole innovation chain for all key technologies Importance of addressing issue worldwide -use of high efficiency technologies -retrofitting of high efficient coal plant with CCS to avoid carbon lock-in -new build CCS No time to lose …..urgent for action

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