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Rainforest WALT: to know what a rainforest, in particular the Amazon.

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Presentation on theme: "Rainforest WALT: to know what a rainforest, in particular the Amazon."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Rainforest WALT: to know what a rainforest, in particular the Amazon

3 What is a Rainforest? Rainforests are very dense, warm and wet forests Rainforests are very dense, warm and wet forests They are havens for millions of plants and animals They are havens for millions of plants and animals They are very important in the ecology of the Earth as the plants of the rainforest generate much of the Earths oxygen They are very important in the ecology of the Earth as the plants of the rainforest generate much of the Earths oxygen

4 Rain Forests The name rain forest was first used at the end of the 19 th Century to describe forests that grow in constantly wet conditions The name rain forest was first used at the end of the 19 th Century to describe forests that grow in constantly wet conditions Today, scientists define rain forests as forests that receive more than 2,000 mm of rain evenly spread throughout the year Today, scientists define rain forests as forests that receive more than 2,000 mm of rain evenly spread throughout the year

5 A rainforest is often referred to as a jungle, which is a Hindi word from India meaning a wilderness A rainforest is often referred to as a jungle, which is a Hindi word from India meaning a wilderness A true jungle is a thick tangle of vegetation, through which people have to force and cut their way A true jungle is a thick tangle of vegetation, through which people have to force and cut their way Rainforests contain patches of jungle, but mainly they are more open Rainforests contain patches of jungle, but mainly they are more open

6 Tropical Rain Forests Tropical rain forests are found in a belt around the equator, where temperatures and rainfall are very high all year round Tropical rain forests are found in a belt around the equator, where temperatures and rainfall are very high all year round There is very little variation between the seasons There is very little variation between the seasons They will have an even distribution of rainfall annually They will have an even distribution of rainfall annually Warm temperatures with less variation during the year Warm temperatures with less variation during the year The best known rain forests are found in tropical regions between the Tropics of cancer and Capricorn The best known rain forests are found in tropical regions between the Tropics of cancer and Capricorn

7 Temperate Rainforests The precise definition of a temperate rainforest has still not been fully decided by scientists The precise definition of a temperate rainforest has still not been fully decided by scientists They will have one long wet winter/spring season, and a dry foggy summer They will have one long wet winter/spring season, and a dry foggy summer It will have a range of differences in daytime and night time temperatures It will have a range of differences in daytime and night time temperatures

8 Differences These are just some differences between a Temperate and Tropical rainforest. These are just some differences between a Temperate and Tropical rainforest. Do you think there will be any others? Do you think there will be any others? Different types of plants and trees Different types of plants and trees Different animal life Different animal life

9 The Amazon Rainforest One of the most well known rainforests is the Amazon One of the most well known rainforests is the Amazon Where is the Amazon? Where is the Amazon? South America South America The Amazon rainforest is the largest rainforest in the world The Amazon rainforest is the largest rainforest in the world It covers an area about two thirds the size of the US It covers an area about two thirds the size of the US Two thirds of the Earths fresh water can be found there Two thirds of the Earths fresh water can be found there

10 Amazon The Amazon was given its name by European explorers, after a tribe of fierce women called Amazons The Amazon was given its name by European explorers, after a tribe of fierce women called Amazons Whether this tribe really existed is one of the many mysteries of the jungle Whether this tribe really existed is one of the many mysteries of the jungle

11 Mysteries of the Amazon Can you think of any other mysteries of the Amazon? Can you think of any other mysteries of the Amazon? There are stories of gold and lost cities There are stories of gold and lost cities Strange and wondrous people, animals and plants Strange and wondrous people, animals and plants

12 The Amazon River The Amazon River, which snakes through this rainforest, is the largest river system in the world The Amazon River, which snakes through this rainforest, is the largest river system in the world

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14 Hundreds of small streams join larger ones and keep getting bigger until they join the Amazon Hundreds of small streams join larger ones and keep getting bigger until they join the Amazon The whole area is called the Amazon Basin The whole area is called the Amazon Basin

15 Well done, now you know what a rainforest is! Well done, now you know what a rainforest is! Next time we will find out where you find the rainforests! Next time we will find out where you find the rainforests!


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