3 Think of the healthiest person you know….. What about them made you classify them as “Healthy?”Discuss with the person next to you
4 What Is Health?The sports activities you participate in, the kinds of foods you eat, and the people you spend time with affect your total health.Often, good health is pictured as a triangle with equal sides (shown on next slide).health A combination of physical, mental/emotional, and social well-being.
5 ClassifyingUsing this diagram as a guide, create a concept map that gives examples of each of the three types of health.HealthPhysicalMental/EmotionalSocial
7 Physical Health Physical health is the condition of your body. Physical health is measured by what you do as well as what you don’t do.By avoiding harmful substances and being physically active, you can stay physically healthy. Being physically healthy means taking care of your body.
8 Mental/Emotional Health Mental/emotional health is measured by the way you think and express your feelings.You can develop good mental/emotional health by learning to think positively and to express your feelings in healthy ways.Positive thinking is a good strategy to use whey you are feeling sad or down. Try focusing your attention on all of the good things in your life, such as your friends, family, and activities you enjoy.Recognizing and building your strengths will help you feel good about yourself.Knowing when to ask for help is a good sign of good mental/emotional health.
9 Social HealthGood social health means communicating well with and having respect for family, friends, and acquaintances.Good social health also means building relationships with people you can trust and who can trust you.Think about the people in your life. With whom do you feel the most comfortable and why? Can you imagine reaching out to them to offer or ask for support?
10 Healthy Habits and Wellness When all three sides of your health triangle are balanced, you have achieved wellness.wellness A state of well-being, or total health
11 Healthy Habits and Wellness You can improve your wellness by developing good habits.habit A pattern of behavior that you follow almost without thinkingGood health habits appear on the next slide.
12 Healthy Habits and Wellness Choosing healthy foodsParticipating in regular physicalactivityGood HealthHabitsOnce you develop good health habits, you will be taking care of yourself almost without thinking.Getting along with othersLearning how to handle stress
13 Healthy Habits and Wellness Peak HealthHealthy HabitsPractices health skillsAvoids riskWhere do you fit on the wellness scale?Average HealthUnhealthy HabitsDoes not practice health skillsTakes risksPoor Health
15 Factors that Affect Your Health Your health is influenced by your personal tastes and outside influences.What foods do you like to eat? What are your hobbies and favorite activities? Your answers to these questions reflect your personal tastes, your likes and dislikes. Your health is influenced by your personal tastes and outside factors including heredity, environment, family, culture, the media, and technology.
16 HeredityHeredity can determine physical traits and the risk of developing diseases.heredity The process by which biological parents pass traits to their childrenHeredity can determine physical traits such as eye, hair, and skin color. You may also inherit a musical or athletic ability. Diseases such as diabetes or allergies and also be passed along through heredity.
17 EnvironmentWhere you live and where you go to school are parts of your environment.Your environment includes your neighborhood, your school, the people around you, the climate you live in, the air you breath, and the water you drink.The environment you live in has an affect on your health. For example, if you live in a warm climate, you may have more opportunity to participate in outdoor activities. You also have to be careful in the sun.environment The sum total of your surroundings
18 Family and CultureTwo related influences on your health are your family and your culture.Family and culture can influence your health in the following ways:Eating habitsPhysical activityThe use of health servicesculture The collected beliefs, customs, and behaviors of a group
19 PeersPeers can have either a positive or a negative influence on your health.peers Friends and other people in your age groupPeer pressure can influence healthful choices.Peers can have a negative influence on health by asking you to take part in risky behaviors such as drinking or smoking.
20 Media Messages from media and other sources influence health behavior. The media is often used by companies to encourage us to buy their products.media Various methods of communicating information, including newspapers, magazines, radio, television, and the InternetMessages from the media can influence health behavior by being a source of information on health topics and by providing us with advertisements for health products and services.Messages from media and other sources influence health behavior.
21 Technology Technology has had a huge impact in detecting illnesses. Technology can influence your health because it can provide you with fast and easy access to valid health information.technology The use of scientific ideas to improve the quality of lifeand the Internet are two examples of how technology gives us access to health information.The MRI machine is an example of how technology has had an impactTechnology has had a huge impact in detecting illnesses.
22 Your Health Choices and Behaviors You have control over your behavior and the choices you make.behavior The way you act in the many different situations and events in your life.Choosing to eat healthy foods will affect your physical health.Knowing the consequences of your choices and behaviors can help you take responsibility for your health.
23 Personal AttitudesIf you have a positive attitude about wearing safety belts, you’ll probably wear one when riding in a car.attitude What you believe or feel about someone or somethingTeens who have positive attitudes toward healthy habits usually encourage others to do the same.
25 Your Decisions CountSome decisions are small and some decisions are tough.decisions Choices that you makeWhat are some decisions you made today?
26 Your Decisions Count Decisions can have serious consequences. consequences ResultsDuring your teen years, you will have many important decisions to make. For some decisions, you will want to seek help from your parents, guardians, or other trusted adults. These people can point out the possible consequences of your decisions.
27 Risk FactorsAny decision that involves a risk to your health is an important one.risk The chance of harm or lossWhen making decisions, you should understand the short-term and long-term consequences of safe, risky, and harmful behaviors.DecisionShort-term consequencesLong-term consequences
28 The Decision-Making Process Step 1: State the SituationAsk YourselfWhat are the facts?Who else is involved?In the decision-making process, it’s a good idea to write down your answers as you work through each step.
29 The Decision-Making Process Step 2: List the optionsThink of all your options and ask other people for suggestions.An adult you trust is a good person to ask for advice when making important decisions.
30 The Decision-Making Process Step 3: Weigh the Possible OutcomesHHealthfulEEthicalH (Healthful) What health risks, if any, will this option present?E (Ethical) Does this choice reflect what you and your family believe to be ethical, or right?L (Legal) Does this option violate any local, state, or federal laws?P (Parental Approval) Would your parents approve of this choice?LLegalPParental Approval
31 The Decision-Making Process Riding in a car without a safety belt and exceeding the speed limit is an example of cumulative risk.cumulative risk The addition of one risk factor to another, increasing the chance of harm or loss
32 The Decision-Making Process Step 4: Consider ValuesYour values should guide any important decision you make.Values reflect what is important to you and what you have learned is right and wrong.values Beliefs you feel strongly about that help the way you live
33 The Decision-Making Process Step 5: Make a Decision and Act on ItIf you’ve weighed the options, mapped out the risks and consequences, and are comfortable with your decision, you are ready for action.If you are not comfortable with your decision, look at other options or ask a trusted adult for help.
34 The Decision-Making Process Step 6: Evauluate the DecisionAsk yourself:Were the results positive or negative?Were there any unexpected outcomes?Was there anything I could have done differently?What have I learned from the experience?If the action you took wasn’t as successful as you’d hoped, try again.Use the decision-making process to find another way to deal with the situation.
36 Comparing and Contrasting What do you think is the difference between a short-term and a long-term goal? What is an example of each?
37 Setting GoalsGoal setting is an important skill that will help you achieve and maintain good health.Some goals are broad, such as wanting to be happy or successful.Some goals are specific, such as getting a good grade on a test.goal Something you hope to accomplish
38 Types of Goals The two types of goals are: Short-term goal Long-term goalAn example of a short-term goal is getting your homework done in time to watch a certain TV program.An example of a long-term goal is studying to be a veterinarian.short-term goal A goal that you plan to accomplish in a short timelong-term goal A goal that you hope to achieve within a period of months or years
39 What is an example of a short-term goal What is an example of a short-term goal? What is an example of a long-term goal?
40 Setting Goals in a Group Setting goals can be a challenge, especially when a whole group is involved.
41 Choosing Goals Factors that influence setting goals include: Your InterestsYour SkillsYour AbilitiesWhat do you do well? What would you like to improve? Answering questions like these will help you choose goals you will want to work toward.Do a reality check. Is your goal realistic?Don’t sell yourself short. Select goals that will challenge you and don’t be afraid to aim high.Your PrioritiesYour Changing AbilitiesYour Responsibilities
42 Reaching Your Goals Make your goals specific List the steps to reach your goalGet help from othersEvaluate your progressReward yourselfMake your goals specificDon’t just say, “I want to be a better piano player.” Say, “I want to be able to play a certain piece of music without making any mistakes at my next recital.”List the steps to reach your goalBreak big goals down into smaller tasks.Get help from othersIdentify people who can help you achieve your goals.Identify sources of information, such as books as magazine articles.Evaluate your progressCheck periodically to see how well you’re progressing toward your goal.Seek feedback to find out if you should be doing something differently.If necessary, adjust your plan, or seek help.Reward yourselfTreat yourself in a special way, and celebrate your accomplishments.
43 What I Learned Describe Why is it important to set a realistic goal? Lesson 5 ReviewWhat I LearnedDescribe Why is it important to set a realistic goal?It is important to set realistic goals so that the goals can be achieved.