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Male Reproductive System 2 Main functions of the reproductive system: ▫Produce and store sperm
Puberty in Males Between the ages of 12-15 males reproductive system matures. Male reproductive hormone, Testosterone ◦ Testosterone will indicate physical changes Broadening shoulders Deepening voice Body/facial hair Production of SPERM
External Reproductive Organs Testes: two small glands that secrete testosterone and produce sperm Sperm The male reproductive cell Men can not run out of sperm It begins to produced when a boy hits puberty
External Reproductive Organs Scrotum: Sack that holds the testes Penis: Tube shaped organ that extends from the trunk of the body above the testes.
Internal Reproductive Organs Urethra: carries fluids out of the body. Epididymis: Hold mature sperm Vas Deferens: Tube that carries the sperm from the epididymis to the penis.
Internal Reproductive Organs Seminal Vesicle: Located in the pelvis region, secretion of fluids that later form the semen. Cowper’s Gland: two small glands located near the bladder, produces clear fluid
Testicular Cancer Can affect males of any age, but occurs most often in males between 14-40 Treatable with surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy.
Prostate Cancer Cancer of the prostate Most common cancer among men Over 2 Million men consider themselves cancer survivors!
Functions: ▫producing sex hormones and storing eggs.
Puberty Hormones: Estrogen and Progesterone ▫Indicated physical changes in the body Hips broaden Sliming of the waist Breast develop Hair Menstruation Ovulation
Internal Female Organs Vagina: The passageway from the uterus to the outside of the body. Its is also called the birth canal Cervix: Lower portion of uterus Urethra: Tube that contains urine and is connected to the bladder
Internal Female Organs Fallopian Tubes: a pair of tubes with fingerlike projections that draw in the ovum. Fimbria: soft tissue around the fallopian Tube (finger like projections)
Internal Reproductive Organs Egg cells: produced and stored in the ovaries Ovaries: female sex gland that stores and produces ova (egg) and produce female sex hormones. Ovum: a mature egg
Internal Uterus: hollow, muscular, pear shaped organ that nourishes and protects a fertilized ovum until birth. Uterine Lining: outer lining of the uterus, shed during menstruation.
During Menstruation Days 1-5 ▫Menstruation occurs and lining of the uterus leaves the body
After Menstruation Days 6-15 ▫Uterus is working to repair itself, preparing for a fertilized egg. ▫Days 13-15 egg is released from an ovary. Ovulation: the process of releasing a mature ovum into the fallopian tube each month. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nLmg4wSHdxQ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nLmg4wSHdxQ
Before Menstruation Days 16-28 ▫Blood vessels in the wall of the uterus shrink and break down, preparing for menstruation ▫If egg is fertilized during ovulation the egg will embed itself into the wall of the uterus.
Menstrual Cramps Occur at the beginning of period or when ovulating ▫Treat: applying heating pad to abs, exercise, O-T- C.