Presentation on theme: "All about kennings By the end of the lesson we will be able to:"— Presentation transcript:
1 All about kennings By the end of the lesson we will be able to: (from the Vikings to the present day)By the end of the lesson we will be able to:1. Define what a kenning isSay something about the history of kennings3. Work out what some kennings refer to
2 On the BBC Radio 4 programme ‘Word of mouth’ the poet Laurence Sail described kennings as ‘a way of describing something indirectly’They are a kind of ‘mini riddle’ - but one which is very much aimed at listeners rather than readers.
3 At their simplest kennings can just be two words fused together with a hyphen to make a new noun. The two words can be noun/noun (swan-road = river) or noun/verb (skull-splitter = axe) and can be used to make a list describing an object, emotion, quality or animal, in any combination.
4 An example of this kind of simple kenning is: Round-facerNo-smilerStill-standerTwo-handerNight-friendlyHeart-beaterTime-keeperSudden-shriekerWhat am I?An alarm clock
5 (The national flag of Norway) The word kenning is derived from the Old Norse phrase kenna eitt við, which means "to express a thing in terms of another", and is found throughout Norse, Anglo-Saxon and Celtic literature.(The national flag of Norway)
6 When English books were rare all the "literature" in a particular part of the country might be all put together in one book. The great book we know as the "Exeter Book" was given to the library of Exeter Cathedral by the first bishop of Exeter, Leofric, who died in 1072.The Exeter book contains many riddles referring to things like a ‘thief-guest who was no wiser for having swallowed words’ (a bookworm)
7 Now let’s look at some modern versions of kennings and see if we can work out what they’re about….. Ready?
8 A famous kenning from 1970s advertising Lipsmackin' thirstquenchin' acetastin' motivatin' goodbuzzin' cooltalkin' highwalkin' fastlivin' evergivin' coolfizzin'What is it?
9 Don’t let this picture fool you! Think hard about this one! I go through the wood in silenceAnd come out onto the snowWhere I leave my print although I have no footstepsWhere I speak your heart although I cannot breatheWhat am I?I’m the lead in a pencil!
10 Let me give you a clue about the next one! Grab the beast by the hornsWrestle it down the narrow streets‘til you break its will to skitter its own waySubdue it, burden its ribcageLet your children ride and then let it strayWho cares?They’ll send a herdsman to round it up at the end of the dayWhat is it?
12 1. Define what a kenning is? So now can you:1. Define what a kenning is?Say something about the history of kennings (where could I find a book full of them?)3. Try some of the simple ones yourself. Writing them about animals is a good place to startOver to you……