Presentation on theme: "Essential Standard 1.00 Understand the role of business in the global economy. Objective: 1.01 Understand economic systems."— Presentation transcript:
1 Essential Standard 1.00Understand the role of business in the global economy.Objective: 1.01Understand economic systems.
2 Topics Satisfying needs and wants Basic economic problem Six steps of economic decision-makingMain types for economic systemsMarket economy self-regulating principles
3 Satisfying Needs and Wants What are needs?Things that are required in order to liveFood, water, clothing, clean air, shelterExamples: Food, water, clothing, clean air, shelterWhat are wants?Things that add pleasure or comfort to your lifeMovies, sports cars, luxury homesNeeds are required in order to live.Wants are things that add comfort and pleasure to your life.
4 Satisfying Needs and Wants Needs and wants are satisfied by purchasing goods and services.What are goods?Products that you can see and touch.Examples: Pencils, cell phones, shoesWhat are services?Activities that are consumed at the same time they are produced.They are intangible, which means they have no physical characteristics.Examples: haircut, taxi ride, car washThe United States economy is the largest producer of goods and services in the world.Goods are things that you can see and touch.Services are activities that are consumed at the same time they are produced.
5 Satisfying Needs and Wants Economic resources, also called factors of production, are the means through which goods and services are producedThe types of economic resources are:NaturalHumanCapitalEconomic resources, also called factors of production, are the means through which goods and services are produced.
6 Satisfying Needs and Wants Natural resources are raw materials supplied by nature from the air, the earth, and water.Examples: Water, trees, oil, mineralsWhat is the difference between renewable and non renewable resources?Renewable can be replaced,like treesNonrenewable can’t be replaced, like oilHuman resources are the people producing goods and services. They contribute physical and mental energy to the production process.Examples: Factory workers, farmers, truck drivers, sales people
7 Satisfying Needs and Wants Capital resources are the tools, equipment, and buildings and money that are used to produce goods and services. Examples: Hammers, buildings, cash, bulldozers, ovens
8 Satisfying Needs and Wants Entrepreneurial resource is the initiative to take a risk and combine capital, human and natural resources to develop a new product or a new business Examples: Sam Walton (Wal-Mart), Bill Gates (Microsoft)
9 Satisfying Needs and Wants continued THE BASIC ECONOMIC PROBLEM:Limited resources and unlimited wants and needsWhat is the relationship between scarcity and the basic economic problem?Scarcity is not having enough resources to satisfy every need or want.Scarcity IS the economic problem.As individuals and nations, we must make CHOICES about how to use our resources and this requires DECISION-MAKING.
10 Satisfying Needs and Wants What is the economic decision-making process?It is choosing which wants and needs, among several options, will be satisfied.Remember, because of scarcity, all wants and needs cannot be met.What happens to choices in a tradeoff?A tradeoff is when you give up something to have something else.Example: You can’t purchase the new Iphone you had been saving for because you spent $150 on last minute concert tickets last weekend.What is opportunity cost ?It is the value of what you give up in a trade off; the value of the next best alternative you did not choose.Economic decision-making is the process of choosing which wants, among several options, will be satisfied.Tradeoff is the process of giving up something for gaining something else.Opportunity cost is the value of the next-best alternative that you did not choose.
12 Economic Decision-Making The six steps in the economic decision- making process are:Defining the problemIdentifying choicesEvaluating the advantages and disadvantages of each choiceChoosing one choiceActing on the choiceReviewing the decision
13 Economic SystemsAll nations face the basic economic problem of scarcity of resources.An economic system is a nation’s plan for how their available resources will be used to meet the needs and wants of its citizens.The main types of economic systems are:CommandMarketTraditionalMixed
14 Economic SystemsEach nation’s economic system answers 3 main questions:What goods and services will be produced?How will those goods and services be produced?For whom will goods and services be produced?
15 Economic Systems Command Economy An economics system in which the government owns resources and dictates what is producedWho answers the 3 economic questions?The governmentExamples: Cuba, North Korea
16 Economic Systems Market Economy An economics system where goods and services are owned and controlled by the people of the country.Who answers the 3 economic questions?Individuals through buying and selling of goods and services in the marketplace (anywhere that goods and services are exchanged)Examples: United States, Japan
17 Economic Systems Traditional Economy An economic system in which goods & services are produced the way they always have been (customs) & centered on meeting the basic needs of each familyWho answers the 3 economic questions?Each familyExamples: Third world countries in South America and Africa
18 Economic Systems Mixed Economy Combines the elements of the command and market economies.Varying degrees of government involvement in the marketplaceChina, Canada, France
19 The United States Economic System Businesses and individuals answer the 3 major economic questions, so it is considered a market economy.Other concepts of the U.S. economyCapitalism: Refers to the private ownership of resources by individuals rather than the governmentFree enterprise or private enterprise: Businesses can decide what to produce and consumers can decide what to purchase
20 The Principles of the U.S. Economic System Private property – We can own, use, or dispose of things of valueFreedom of choice – We can make decisions independently but we must accept consequences of those decisions. (The government only regulates choice when individual decisions may harm others.)Profit – money left from sales after all of the costs of operating a business have been paid.To make a profit is the reason people and businesses take risks!Competition – the rivalry among businesses to sell their goods and services.Competition forces businesses to keep costs low, provide good customers service and search for new ideas.
21 Supply and Demand Consumers: buy and use goods and services include individuals, businesses, and government.Consumers decide:what to buy, where to buy, and from whom to buywhat price they are willing to pay.A consumer buys and uses goods and services. Consumers decide what to buy, where to buy, from whom to buy, and what price they are willing to pay.
22 Supply and Demand Producers: individuals and organizations that determine what products and services will be available for saleinvest resources and take risks to make a profitA consumer buys and uses goods and services. Consumers decide what to buy, where to buy, from whom to buy, and what price they are willing to pay.
23 Supply and DemandThe market economy is based on the principles of supply and demand.Demand: the quantity of goods or services that consumers are willing and able to buy.Consumers set the demand for goods and services.Demand influences how much producers will supply.Examples: iPods, a restaurant that sells good food at a low priceA consumer buys and uses goods and services. Consumers decide what to buy, where to buy, from whom to buy, and what price they are willing to pay.
24 Supply and DemandThe market economy is based on the principles of supply and demand.Supply refers to the quantity of goods or services that businesses are willing and able to provide.Producers establish the quantity of goods or services that will be produced to meet the demands of consumers.Example: If people really want a product and are willing to pay a high price for it, a business will make enough to meet the consumers’ needs. If there is heavy competition and a low price, businesses are less likely to want to offer the product for sale.A consumer buys and uses goods and services. Consumers decide what to buy, where to buy, from whom to buy, and what price they are willing to pay.
25 Supply and Demand Graphs Intro to Business, 6e, Thomson South-Western
26 Supply and Demand Graphs Intro to Business, 6e, Thomson South-Western
27 Supply and Demand Graphs Market (equilibrium) price is the point where supply and demand are equal.Consumers are satisfied with the price they have to payBusinesses are satisfiedwith the profit they aremakingIntro to Business, 6e, Thomson South-Western