Presentation on theme: "Completing the cycle: an investigation of structured reflection as a tool to encourage student engagement with feedback Jackie Pates Lancaster Environment."— Presentation transcript:
Completing the cycle: an investigation of structured reflection as a tool to encourage student engagement with feedback Jackie Pates Lancaster Environment Centre Robert Blake and Ali Cooper Centre for the Enhancement of Learning & Teaching Lancaster University
Background The quantity, quality and timing of feedback are currently big issues in university education. Students want more, clearer and faster feedback. Staff are juggling high workloads and increasing class sizes. However, students dont always use the feedback they are given to the greatest effect. Possible solution: work with students to develop their self-evaluation skills.
Project aims To investigate how students use feedback. To explore different methods of helping students to maximise the benefits of the feedback they are given.
Supporting and developing learner self-regulation Clarify what good performance is Facilitate self-assessment Deliver high quality feedback information Encourage teacher and peer dialogue Encourage positive motivation and self- esteem Provide opportunities to close the gap Use feedback to improve teaching After Nicol & Macfarlane-Dick, 2006
ENV201: Project Skills Core 2 nd year module (72 students) Two components: data analysis and report writing Writing skills structure: –Friday: Introduce topic, brainstorm with students, analyse examples –Fri-Weds: Students carry out task –Thurs: Feedback session –Throughout: Extensive dialogue via VLE discussion boards
Feedback methods Class discussion Student directed annotation of work Group feedback through the VLE Student questions on post-it notes with responses in class and on the VLE VLE discussion forum Occasional limited individual feedback Students positive about teaching method, but dont always fully utilise feedback.
How do we do? Supporting and developing learner self-regulation Clarify what good performance is Facilitate self-assessment Deliver high quality feedback information Encourage teacher and peer dialogue Encourage positive motivation and self- esteem Provide opportunities to close the gap Use feedback to improve teaching After Nicol & Macfarlane-Dick, 2006
Methodology In class, incorporate formal self-evaluation tasks How does this feedback apply to me? Focus groups: Week 1: Focus groups How have you used feedback in the past? Week 8: Reflective writing Evaluate different types of feedback and your responses to it –Week 21: One to one discussions How did you respond to these pieces of feedback? –Week 28: Focus groups Reflect on value of feedback Whole class questionnaires
Week 01 questionnaires Asked about experiences of: Comments in margin (written, individual)100% Paragraph at end (written, individual)99% Marking grid (written, individual)64% One-to-one (verbal, individual)25% Group (verbal / written)63% General comments that: Not enough feedback More one-to-one needed Lack of clarity Little positive identified % that received this type of feedback
Week 01 questionnaires The feedback was helpful for indicating what I had done well: Not at all helpfulExtremely helpful
Week 01 questionnaires The feedback was helpful for indicating where I had gone wrong: Not at all helpfulExtremely helpful
Week 01 questionnaires I used the feedback to guide my next piece of assessed work: Not at allA lot
Week 01 focus groups Not fully analysed, but some interesting comments …. Students feel very pulled down by constantly negative feedback. If a piece of work is Good they would like to know which aspects are good. Students like marking schemes with comment boxes; it forces us to explain how we arrived at a mark.
Week 01 focus groups Students dont understand comments like: expand what? ? be more specific and… why? School experience is of extensive (up to 15!) drafts with feedback. However, students recognise that they arent learning from it and the final work doesnt always feel like their own. Students in ES find it difficult to see the relationships between pieces of work. Students like receiving specific advice: Next time do this differently
Week 08 reflective writing Students were asked to answer the following questions about a range of feedback types: How useful was it to you? Were there any particularly good points or bad points? Then asked to reflect on: Has anything changed since last year? Are you using the feedback you have received in different ways? Are your ways of working different to last year?
Week 08 reflective writing Group written feedback: – if Ive done something wrong, I dont feel put down – they are a quick guideline to check through – makes it clear which aspects are more important – give ideas I might not have thought of – make the overall picture easier to understand Group verbal feedback: – gives me and other people the opportunity to ask questions and everyone benefits from the answer – feels like nagging sometimes – verbal comments could be challenged by the group – allowed lectures to share tips … which I may not have got just from written comments
Week 08 reflective writing Some examples of good practice emerged… Time management is much better Use mark schemes more Becoming more analytical of my own work Creating check lists to relate to my current work from previous feedback
Conclusions (1) By creating a space for iteration of work, students become more engaged with feedback and start to value it more – even beyond the initial module. Poor practice by students (e.g. poor grammar and spelling) is often a function of poor time management. Feedback to the group can be effective – especially if opportunities for dialogue are built in.
Conclusions (2) Students have recognised value of group feedback to: –Identify issues with own work –Place their work in the context of class –Learn from others mistakes Verbal feedback to group allows students to clarify meaning. Online discussion space creates opportunities for conversations between students and with staff, not always possible in class. This project was funded by the GEES subject centre.