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Published byMaximilian Ellis Modified over 7 years ago
Minor Parts of Speech Pronouns Auxiliaries Conjunctions Determiners Qualifiers Prepositions Isolates
PRONOUNS Definition: a word that replaces a noun or noun phrase
Types of Pronouns Personal Demonstrative Reflexive Intensive Indefinite
Personal Pronouns Person 1 st Person 1 st Person SpeakerSpeaker 2 nd Person 2 nd Person AddresseeAddressee 3 rd Person 3 rd Person Innocent bystanderInnocent bystander Number Singular Singular Plural Plural Case Subjective (he) Functions as the subject Objective (him) Functions as the object Possessive (his) Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter
Demonstrative Pronouns Definition: words that point out an object and are often accompanied with pointing gesture Singular this that Plural these those
Reflexive & Intensive Pronouns Definition: form ends in –self Reflexive Object Object Ex. Hillary hurt herself. Ex. Hillary hurt herself. Intensive Modifier Modifier Ex. Hillary bought herself a new car. Ex. Hillary bought herself a new car.
Indefinite Pronouns “leftover class of pronouns” all QUANTIFIERS anybody everyone each most none several another some everybody
AUXILAIRIES “Helping Verbs: words that may join with the true verb in making up the complete verb of a sentence Voice Active Active Single verbSingle verb Point of view of the doerPoint of view of the doer Ex. Jake called every member of the class.Ex. Jake called every member of the class. Passive Passive Form of be (auxiliary) followed by past participle form of main verbForm of be (auxiliary) followed by past participle form of main verb Point of view of the person effected by actionPoint of view of the person effected by action Ex. Every member of the class was called by Jake.Ex. Every member of the class was called by Jake.
CONJUNCTIONS COORDINATING Connect two elements of equal grammatical status Connect two elements of equal grammatical status Example Example andand butbut oror forfor nornor soso SUBORDINATING Connect structures of unequal grammatical status Connect clauses only
DETERMINERS Signifies that a noun is coming Modifies a noun but cannot be made comparative or superlative Precedes adjectives in a noun phrase Words: the, a, an, our, this, some, every, first, all
QUALIFERS Words more more most most very very quite quite rather rather somewhat somewhat each each Definition: modifies an adjective or an adverb, either strengthening or weakening its meaning
PREPOSITIONS Definition: a word that shows the relation of a noun or pronoun to some other word in the sentence Usually followed by a noun phrase “Anything a plane can do to a cloud” “Anything a plane can do to a cloud” Example: above, around, through, behind, with, to, at, during
ISOLATES Definition: Words that are not grammatically connected to other sentence parts and are typically separated with commas Indicates the speaker’s attitude or feelings OUCH!!
THAT’S ALL FOLKS! This concludes our study of the minor parts of speech. Congratulations!! You made it! You made it!
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