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January 21-28 Labor Force Distribution 1870-1900.

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Presentation on theme: "January 21-28 Labor Force Distribution 1870-1900."— Presentation transcript:


2 January 21-28

3 Labor Force Distribution 1870-1900

4 The Changing American Labor Force

5 Child Labor


7 “Galley Labor”

8 Labor Unrest: 1870-1900

9 The Molly Maguires (1875) James McParland

10 The Corporate “Bully-Boys”: Pinkerton Agents

11 Management vs. Labor “Tools” of Management “Tools” of Labor  “scabs”  P. R. campaign  Pinkertons  lockout  blacklisting  yellow-dog contracts  court injunctions  open shop  boycotts  sympathy demonstrations  informational picketing  closed shops  organized strikes  “wildcat” strikes

12 A Striker Confronts a SCAB!

13 Knights of Labor Terence V. Powderly An injury to one is the concern of all!

14 Goals of the Knights of Labor ù Eight-hour workday. ù Workers’ cooperatives. ù Worker-owned factories. ù Abolition of child and prison labor. ù Increased circulation of greenbacks. ù Equal pay for men and women. ù Safety codes in the workplace. ù Prohibition of contract foreign labor. ù Abolition of the National Bank.

15 The Great Railroad Strike of 1877


17 The Tournament of Today: A Set-to Between Labor and Monopoly

18 Haymarket Riot (1886) McCormick Harvesting Machine Co.

19 Haymarket Martyrs

20 The American Federation of Labor: 1886 Samuel Gompers

21 How the AF of L Would Help the Workers ù Catered to the skilled worker. ù Represented workers in matters of national legislation. ù Maintained a national strike fund. ù Evangelized the cause of unionism. ù Prevented disputes among the many craft unions. ù Mediated disputes between management and labor. ù Pushed for closed shops.

22 Homestead Steel Strike (1892) The Amalgamated Association of Iron & Steel Workers Homestead Steel Works

23 Big Corporate Profits!

24 Attempted Assassination! Henry Clay Frick Alexander Berkman

25 A “Company Town”: Pullman, IL A “Company Town”: Pullman, IL

26 Pullman Cars A Pullman porter

27 The Pullman Strike of 1894

28 President Grover Cleveland If it takes the entire army and navy to deliver a postal card in Chicago, that card will be delivered!

29 The Pullman Strike of 1894 Government by injunction!

30 The Socialists Eugene V. Debs

31 International Workers of the World (“Wobblies”)

32 “Big Bill” Haywood of the IWW  Violence was justified to overthrow capitalism.

33 The Hand That Will Rule the World  One Big Union

34 Mother Jones: “The Miner’s Angel”  Mary Harris.  Organizer for the United Mine Workers.  Founded the Social Democratic Party in 1898.  One of the founding members of the I. W. W. in 1905.

35 Lawrence, MA Strike: 1912

36 The “Bread & Roses” Strike DEMANDS: ù15¢/hr. wage increase. ùDouble pay for overtime. ùNo discrimination against strikers. ùAn end to “speed-up” on the assembly line. ùAn end to discrimination against foreign immigrant workers.

37 Lawrence, MA Strike: 1912

38 The “Formula” unions + violence + strikes + socialists + immigrants = anarchists

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