Presentation on theme: "Week Two: Modern Chinese Literature Fylde Building, Room 412 Wednesday, 1-1:50 pm Instructor: Gang Sui."— Presentation transcript:
Week Two: Modern Chinese Literature Fylde Building, Room 412 Wednesday, 1-1:50 pm Instructor: Gang Sui
The New-Year Sacrifice Lu Xun Questions from Xianglins Wife – Do dead people turn into ghosts or not? That means there must be a hell too? Then will all the members of a family meet again after death? Tentative answers to her questions – Quite possibly, Id say. Hell? Logically speaking, there should be too – but not necessarily. Who cares anyway? In that case… actually, Im not sure…. In fact, Im not sure whether there are ghosts or not either. For the purposes of comparison and/or contrast, discuss the Western (?) concepts of life, death, ghost, soul, and afterlife as manifested in Shakespeares Sonnet 146 and Whitmans Chant 6 in Leaves of Grass.
Characterization dramatic characterization + expository characterization Three-dimensional characterization + one-dimensional characterization Xianglins Wife: a flat character or a round character? Why (What are some of the examples of textual evidence)? What words (nouns, adjectives, etc.) can be used to describe Xianglins Wife as the protagonist of the story?
Narration narrative point of view: peripheral, limited vs. omniscient reliable or not? Conflict(s) – the Meat of the Plot -- conflict between the protagonist and the other characters -- conflict between the protagonist and the society -- conflict between the protagonist and herself -- conflict between the protagonist and her fate
Tone (pity, noble indignation?) sympathetic empathetic ironical/satirical critical Whose Tragedy? a personal tragedy a social tragedy a cultural tragedy a human tragedy
New Culture Movement (the mid 1910s and 1920s) -- vernacular language widely used in literary creation -- call for democracy, science, individual freedom, and womens liberation -- bitter criticism against social ills and individual weaknesses as painfully observed in real-life experiences -- search for inspiration/guidance beyond China for the sake of Chinas betterment -- awareness of the inadequacy of traditional values alone to cope with new crises in the modern world -- awareness of the need for social change and cultural renewal