Presentation on theme: "Advanced interaction group Improving Design for e-science Russell Beale Advanced Interaction Group"— Presentation transcript:
advanced interaction group Improving Design for e-science Russell Beale Advanced Interaction Group
advanced interaction group The problem with e-science e- &
advanced interaction group e-science is… ONLY connected HPC mainly distributed astronomy Science, but on the internet Existing science, but with more computers simply a bandwagon
advanced interaction group What am I going to talk about? Changing contexts Little and large Art Design Put another way… –Issues, x3 –Solution, x1
advanced interaction group Context is important Once upon a time –Single users & single systems Then –Multiple users & single systems Now –Multiple users & multiple systems
advanced interaction group Myriad influences Users affected by –other users –Task –Political pressures –Publication pressures –Collaborators –Competitors –Etc.
advanced interaction group And… Systems affected by –Distributed nature –Quality of Service –Variable usage –Outages –Blah blah
advanced interaction group And… Science affected by –Distributed nature –Variety of researchers –Variety of results –Collated results –Science changing? Looking for patterns -> looking for anomolies
advanced interaction group Little Science, Big Science E-Science can be about enabling widespread data collection and assimilation –Internet, mobile, in field, in lab, formal, informal Collated results provide effective picture –E.g. weather, bugwatch, springwatch –Mass participation
advanced interaction group Data collection Non-scientists as sources Need appropriate systems to collect data Usability needs of collectors very different to needs of scientists But systems often designed for the scientists…
advanced interaction group Feedback To engage and encourage further participation Ethical duty (?) But have to be careful –With raw data Anonymity of participants –With results Cancer near pylons etc.
advanced interaction group E-art Same definition problems exist How can e-science be used in e-art? Changing context for art –Individual artists, small audiences –Multiple artists, small audience –Multiple artists, multiple audiences
advanced interaction group Individual artists, small audiences New tools for creation, management, manipulation and presentation New medium for experimentation –Proximity not necessary for experience, for example Communication
advanced interaction group E.g. newsart
advanced interaction group Multiple artists, small audiences Communication, collaboration, shared development Many people working on one (or more) centralised or distributed offering Challenges relating to authorship, nature of finished work especially if it keeps evolving, etc.
advanced interaction group Multiple artists, multiple audiences Infrastructure for creative collaboration Dissemination via wide route Mass audience participation possible –Authorship? Ethics? Values? New tools for artists and viewers –E.g. art could be controlled by the viewer
advanced interaction group Design and Usability Aim of design - usability Is it? If ease of use was the only valid criterion, people would stick to tricycles and never try bicycles –Doug Englebart More to design than usability
advanced interaction group Usable design Only from embedding design in the wider context is it effective C.f. security: a holistic thing –Physical –Technical –Human
advanced interaction group New concepts Slanty design –Design that purposefully reduces functionality E.g. iPod –Makes it simple to do simple things –Makes it hard to do unwanted things E.g. Gmail I call it Anti-usability Removes signs and restrictions –These stop the unwanted side-effects of usable design –I want Clean usability
advanced interaction group Slanty design process identify the user goals identify user non-goals: the things that users dont want to be able to do at all easily (e.g. deleting all their files) identify wider goals held by other stakeholders, and identify where they conflict with individual ones follow a user-centred design process to create a system that has high usability for user goals and high anti-usability for user non-goals resolve the conflicts between wider issues and individual goals, and where the wider issues win out ensure that the design meets these needs
advanced interaction group My slanty baggage carousel
advanced interaction group Summary Problems with e-science as well as problems with usability Need to design for the complex situation from the start Scientists and non-scientists working together creates new scenarios Artists and non-artists working together creates new scenarios Complex stakeholdings may have conflicting needs which have to be addressed New design approaches needed - the future is slanty…
advanced interaction group Questions? E-questions:
advanced interaction group Finally In Google: usability returns 73,500,000 results E-science returns 1,560,000 results E-science usability: 39,800 results - 2.5%... 1st 3 are pdfs
advanced interaction group Pattern background Patterns are solutions to problems in a given context Derived from architecture –Christopher Alexander
advanced interaction group Example Alexander pattern Alexanders Pattern No. 176 Garden Seat: Make a quiet place in the garden – a private enclosure with a comfortable seat, thick planting, sun. Pick the place for the seat carefully; pick the place that will give you the most intense kind of solitude
advanced interaction group Patterns in CS Popularised for CS in Design Patterns: Elements of Reusable Object-Oriented Software by Erich Gamma, Richard Helm, Ralph Johnson, and John Vlissides (Gang of Four) From Sun: –A pattern describes a proven solution to a recurring design problem, placing particular emphasis on the context and forces surrounding the problem, and the consequences and impact of the solution.
advanced interaction group Why use patterns? They have been proven –Patterns reflect the experience, knowledge and insights of developers who have successfully used these patterns in their own work. They are reusable –Patterns provide a ready-made solution that can be adapted to different problems as necessary. They are expressive –Patterns provide a common vocabulary of solutions that can express large solutions succinctly.
advanced interaction group Patterns for HCI Adopted for HCI in recent past Pros –solution to problem in context –Usable by non-expert designers Cons –Usable by non-expert designers –Too many, unstructured, need to know about them all
advanced interaction group Overview-Detail pattern Use when: You need to present a large amount of content - messages in a mailbox, sections of a website, frames of a video - that is too big, complex, or dynamic to show in a simple linear form. You want the user to see the overall structure of the content; you also want the user to traverse the content at their own pace, in an order of their choosing. Why: It's an age-old way of dealing with complexity: present a high-level view of what's going on, and let the user "drill down" from that view into the details as they need to, keeping both levels visible for quick iteration. Overview Plus Detail breaks up the content into comprehensible pieces, while simultaneously revealing their interrelationships to the user. […] the overview can serve as a "You are here" sign. A user can tell at a glance where they are in the larger context. In the example above, the scrollbar shows that the visible message is near the end of the mailbox. How: The overview panel serves as a selectable index or map. Put it on one side of the page. When the user selects an element in it, details about that element - text, images, data, controls, etc. - appear on the other side. (Usually the overview panel is at the top or left.) […] keeping both halves on the same page or window is key. You could put the details into a separate window, but it's not as effective. You want the user to be able to browse easily and fluidly through the UI, without waiting or messing around with windows. In particular, you don't want the user to jump back and forth between two pages (though it's usually necessary on tiny displays like PDAs; see One-Window Drilldown, which doesn't require the use of two side-by-side panels). Jenifer Tidwell, Common Ground
advanced interaction group OPD examples
advanced interaction group Approach to modelling Want to capture design patterns more formally Want to be able to apply them to current software designs –Would like CASE support if possible Look at software systems Model Driven Architecture Abstract towards models Remove dependence on technology –Platform Independent Model (PIM) Apply device profiles –Platform Dependent Model (PDM) Provides flexible development
advanced interaction group Aside: map into MVC Model ViewController
advanced interaction group Capturing the interactive elements… Sequence diagram
advanced interaction group Where are we? Have a formalism for design patterns Can capture structural and behavioural aspects Represent interaction formally in UML and OCL
advanced interaction group Working with formal patterns Conceptual model -> represents the system Design patterns -> used to refine that model to new one that implements the pattern But which to choose? How does this improve things?
advanced interaction group Need one more concept: Data signatures Data suitable for refining via OPD or OWD is of the form: –Datatype A has list of items B –Bs are in 1:1 correspondence to data type C –i.e. A has selectable indices, each of which have associated detail –Or, data has at least one level of hierarchy in it - a series of headers and contents –Partition the model using signatures