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Towards New Models and Languages for Data Mining and Integration Peter Brezany Institute of Scientific Computing University of Vienna, Austria Presentation.

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Presentation on theme: "Towards New Models and Languages for Data Mining and Integration Peter Brezany Institute of Scientific Computing University of Vienna, Austria Presentation."— Presentation transcript:

1 Towards New Models and Languages for Data Mining and Integration Peter Brezany Institute of Scientific Computing University of Vienna, Austria Presentation at the NeSC, Edinburgh August 13, 2008

2 Edinburgh, 13 Aug, 2008 2 Outline Introduction CRISP-DM Model and Methodology What is CRISP-DM Why update it From CRISP-DM to CRISP-DMI Impact of CRISP-DMI on the DMI Workflow Language State of the Art in Language Design Discussion of the 1st Language Design Ideas Conclusions and Future Work

3 Edinburgh, 13 Aug, 2008 3 What is CRISP-DM? Phases of the CRoss Industry Standard Process for Data Mining

4 Edinburgh, 13 Aug, 2008 4 CRISP-DM Phases Business Understanding: the process of understanding the project objectives from a business perspective Data Understanding: the process of collecting and becoming familiar with data Data Preparation: the process of selecting and cleansing the data that will be fed into the modeling tools Modeling: the process of applying modeling to manipulate the data so that conclusions can be drawn Evaluation: the process of evaluating the model and its conclusions Deployment: the process of applying the conclusions to a business

5 Edinburgh, 13 Aug, 2008 5 Why to Update CRISP-DM? Support for large-scale data mining a lot of distributed, heterogeneous and large datasets (primary data, derived data, background data, catalogs): from data to space of data data integration is of great importance new actors (domain expert, data analyst, data publisher, system administrator) support by new components (e.g. provenance) etc. Our approach: from CRISP-DM to CRISP- DMI (Cross Research & Industry Standard Process for Data Mining and Integration )

6 Edinburgh, 13 Aug, 2008 6 CRISP-DMI Model

7 Edinburgh, 13 Aug, 2008 7 Space of Data and Services Author: Ibrahim Elsayed

8 Edinburgh, 13 Aug, 2008 8 TCM Workflow

9 Edinburgh, 13 Aug, 2008 9 Subworkflow Targeted by Provenance

10 Edinburgh, 13 Aug, 2008 10 Visualization of Provenance Data Authors: Y. Han & F.A. Khan

11 Edinburgh, 13 Aug, 2008 11 Use case The fields in the data are: Age: Sex: M or F BP: Blood Pressure-High, Normal, or Low Cholesterol: Blood Cholesterol Level-Normal or High Na: Blood sodium concentration K: Blood potassium concentration Drug: The drug to which this patient responded The business question: Can we find which drug is appropriate for any future patient? (from P. Caron, C. Shearer, Interactive Visual Workflow: The Key to Streamlining the Data Mining Process)

12 Edinburgh, 13 Aug, 2008 12 DmiFlow: DMI Workflow Language The emerging DMI applications lead to the demand of a powerful DMI workflow language On top of it interactive GUIs can be developed It should enable optimized implementation of language processors

13 Edinburgh, 13 Aug, 2008 13 DMI Process to be Composed by DmiFlow Space of Source and Destination Data and Services Space of Source and Destination Data and Services DMI Process Composition

14 Edinburgh, 13 Aug, 2008 14 A Possible Position of DmiFlow in the Workflow Management Systems

15 Edinburgh, 13 Aug, 2008 15 Principles for DMI Language Design Programmer Responsibilities Identification of Parallelism Specifying communication mode between workflow components Providing hints (sometimes based on domain knowledge) enabling advanced optimization Language Desiderata High abstraction level, not too complex (high productivity) Advanced compositional features Execution of data mining queries (support for the inductive database model) Extendibility Efficient implementation (high performance)

16 Edinburgh, 13 Aug, 2008 16 Related Work Low-level workflow notations: XML-based: BPEL4WS, DSCL, WSFL, etc. Other: Sculf (Taverna), MoML (Kepler), etc. High-level languages (only for workflows integrating business processes): Workflow Prolog Valmont: It includes, process model, information model, and organization model (It registers organizational structure and resources.) C & Co: a C based language F#: functional workflow specification at a script level (MicroSoft development) Martlet: functional workflow specification Compositional languages (Strand, PCN, etc.)

17 Edinburgh, 13 Aug, 2008 17 Workplan for the Language Design Phase 1 (ongoing): proposing semantic structure and outlining compositional structure of programs while leaving open some aspects of their concrete representations as strings of symbols. Phase 2: finalizing the 1st language definition version.

18 Edinburgh, 13 Aug, 2008 18 Basic Features of DmiFlow Code modules – managing complexity Activities: their types, parameters, locations Virtual communication channels between activities, which can be represented by Persistent explicit datasets Internal datasets (implementation dependent) Ports used for streaming data Control structures: parallel & sequential statements, loop statements, conditional statements) Embedded data mining query execution

19 Edinburgh, 13 Aug, 2008 19 Declaration of Activities and Datasets activity activity_name: ActivityType at (activity_location); ActivityType – predefined (type of parameters and semantics) activity_location {url, discover, default} this is optional dataset dataset_name represents (source = source_spec, hints_list); source_spec {url, internal, port } hint {org = dataset_organization, size = estimated_size, …} dataset_organization { set, sequence, bag, … }

20 Edinburgh, 13 Aug, 2008 20 Basic Control Structures Concurrent execution: cobegin { activity1(…); … activityn(…); } Sequential execution: block { activity1(…); … activityn(…); } Data mining query execution: exec dmq (arguments) byactivity (activity_name){ dmq_query_specification }

21 Edinburgh, 13 Aug, 2008 21 Workflow Example – Graphical Form

22 Edinburgh, 13 Aug, 2008 22 DmiFlow Example (1) module WorkflowExample { const replaceMethod = "average", splitingMethod = "gini", //hint url1 = "/serverA/dmi/services/integrationService1", url2 = "/serverB/dmi/services/decisionTreeService1", url3 = "/serverB/dmi/services/neuralNetworkService3"; activity integrDS: dataIntegrationActType at (url1), missVals: MissingValuesActType at (discover), normalise: NormalisForNNActType at (default), dt: decisionTreeActType at (url2), nn:NeuralNetworkActType at (url3); dataset ….

23 Edinburgh, 13 Aug, 2008 23 DmiFlow Example (2) dataset ds1 represents (source = "http://www.myproject/d1.dat", org = set, size = [1.5, 2.0]), ds2 represents (source = "http://www.myproject/d2.dat", type = set), intConf represents (source = "/server/dmi/config/integr.conf); outIntegr represents (source = internal, org = set), cleaned represents (source = internal, org = set); normalised represents (source = internal, org = set); nnConf represents (source = "/server/dmi/configs/nn.conf); nnMod represents (source = "/server/dmi/models/nn.pmml); dtMod represents (source = "/server/dmi/models/dt.pmml); defworkflow {... }

24 Edinburgh, 13 Aug, 2008 24 DmiFlow Example (3) defworkflow main () { integrDSets (in ds1, ds2, intConf; out outItegr); missValues (in outIntegr, replaceMethod; out cleaned); cobegin { block { normalise (in cleaned; out normalised); nn (in normalised, nnConf; out nnMod); } dt (in cleaned, splittingMethod; out dtMod); } }

25 Edinburgh, 13 Aug, 2008 25 Future Work Extend language functionality Investigate DmiFlow execution model for the ADMIRE architecture Define functional specification of the DmiFlow language processor Specify concrete language syntax

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