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TESTS OF VIPS IN SIMULATION, LABORATORY, AND PRACTICE TESTS OF VIPS IN SIMULATION, LABORATORY, AND PRACTICE Georg-Wilhelm Mainka Prof. em. Dr.-Ing. University.

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Presentation on theme: "TESTS OF VIPS IN SIMULATION, LABORATORY, AND PRACTICE TESTS OF VIPS IN SIMULATION, LABORATORY, AND PRACTICE Georg-Wilhelm Mainka Prof. em. Dr.-Ing. University."— Presentation transcript:

1 TESTS OF VIPS IN SIMULATION, LABORATORY, AND PRACTICE TESTS OF VIPS IN SIMULATION, LABORATORY, AND PRACTICE Georg-Wilhelm Mainka Prof. em. Dr.-Ing. University of Rostock, Germany Heiko Winkler Dipl.-Ing. IAIB Wismar, Germany 9 th International Vacuum Insulation Symposium The Royal Institution of Great Britain London Revised Version

2 T HE K INDERGARTEN K ITA P LAPPERSNUT IN W ISMAR G.-W. MAINKA UNIVERSITY OF ROSTOCK H. WINKLER IAIB WISMAR TEST OF VIPS IN SIMULATION; LABORATORY, AND PRACTICE IVIS - THE ROYAL INSTITUTE OF GREAT BRITAIN - LONDON BEFORE R ETROFITTING : 2004 AFTER R ETROFITTING : 2009 E AST G ABLE F ACADE VIP : Award of the Journal Bauphysik PREFAB C ONCRETE P ANELS WITH CERAMIC S KIN I NSIDE H ALL N ORTH F ACADE W EST G ABLE F F ACADE VIP 2

3 C ONSTRUCTION OF VIP1 AND VIP2 G.-W. MAINKA UNIVERSITY OF ROSTOCK H. WINKLER IAIB WISMAR TEST OF VIPS IN SIMULATION; LABORATORY, AND PRACTICE IVIS - THE ROYAL INSTITUTE OF GREAT BRITAIN - LONDON VIP1: G LASS -C ERAMIC -S ANDWICH VIP2: ETICS WITH VIP- KERNEL

4 VIP1: S ANDWICH WITH 4 VIP S INSIDE G.-W. MAINKA UNIVERSITY OF ROSTOCK H. WINKLER IAIB WISMAR TEST OF VIPS IN SIMULATION; LABORATORY, AND PRACTICE IVIS - THE ROYAL INSTITUTE OF GREAT BRITAIN - LONDON NORTHERN H ALF 2005S OUTHERN H ALF 2005 A NCHOR PLATE S ANDWICH E LEMENT WITH UNSEALED JOINTS S ANDWICH E LEMENT C OATED ONTO THE A NCHOR PLATE T HE G AP BETWEEN OLD FACADE AND S ANDWICH WAS FILLED WITH M INERAL W OOL TO AVOID C ONVECTION

5 G.-W. MAINKA UNIVERSITY OF ROSTOCK H. WINKLER IAIB WISMAR TEST OF VIPS IN SIMULATION; LABORATORY, AND PRACTICE IVIS - THE ROYAL INSTITUTE OF GREAT BRITAIN - LONDON VIP1: F ACADE P LAN, NEARLY READY F ACADE, AND T HERMOGRAPHY S OUTHERN H ALF 2005

6 G.-W. MAINKA UNIVERSITY OF ROSTOCK H. WINKLER IAIB WISMAR TEST OF VIPS IN SIMULATION; LABORATORY, AND PRACTICE IVIS - THE ROYAL INSTITUTE OF GREAT BRITAIN - LONDON WB 1 = WB 2 WB 3 WB1+2 [W/mK] WB3 [W/mK] U-value [W/m²K] equival. thickness EPS (λ=40mW/mK) d [mm] VIP (center) --0, VIP (Sandw.) 0,0910,02080, E STERN FACADE CA. 140 m² (2 GABLE WALLS SOUTH - NORTH ) S ANDWICH GLASS / CERAMIC WITH VIP- KERNEL (ADCO COMPANY ) VIP1: I NFLUENCE OF T HERMAL B RIDGES (WB) Φ= U*A + Σψ*l d = λ/(Φ*A) -43%

7 VIP1: T EST IN THE C LIMATE C HAMBER G.-W. MAINKA UNIVERSITY OF ROSTOCK H. WINKLER IAIB WISMAR TEST OF VIPS IN SIMULATION; LABORATORY, AND PRACTICE IVIS - THE ROYAL INSTITUTE OF GREAT BRITAIN - LONDON I NSTALLING THE F ACADE INTO THE TESTFRAME F ACADE READY TO BE TESTED U PPER RIGHT : G LASS S IDING ON T OP OF 4 VIP S TO OBSERVE THEIR B EHAVIOUR

8 VIP 1: T HERMAL BRIDGES ( WB ) M EASUREMENT VS C ALCULATION G.-W. MAINKA UNIVERSITY OF ROSTOCK H. WINKLER IAIB WISMAR TEST OF VIPS IN SIMULATION; LABORATORY, AND PRACTICE IVIS - THE ROYAL INSTITUTE OF GREAT BRITAIN - LONDON WB2 WB1WB3 IR-T HERMOGRAPHY AT DIFFERENT T HERMAL B RIDGES (WB) D ISTRIBUTION OF S URFACE -T EMPERATURE A T WB3

9 VIP1: L ONG T ERM B EHAVIOUR V ENTILATION G.-W. MAINKA UNIVERSITY OF ROSTOCK H. WINKLER IAIB WISMAR TEST OF VIPS IN SIMULATION; LABORATORY, AND PRACTICE IVIS - THE ROYAL INSTITUTE OF GREAT BRITAIN - LONDON S OUTHERN H ALFNORTHERN H ALF 2005 UNDER C ONSTRUCTION WITHOUT M INERAL F IBERS 2009

10 VIP1: L ONG T ERM B EHAVIOUR C RACKS G.-W. MAINKA UNIVERSITY OF ROSTOCK H. WINKLER IAIB WISMAR TEST OF VIPS IN SIMULATION; LABORATORY, AND PRACTICE IVIS - THE ROYAL INSTITUTE OF GREAT BRITAIN - LONDON Detail SOUTHERN H ALF 2009 ADHESIVE F IGURES ADDED 2007 TO HIDE CRACKS NEW CRACKS OCCURED CRACK IMPACT HOLE CRACK With salty Rims at lower Element Border

11 VIP2: ETICS WITH VIP-K ERNEL G.-W. MAINKA UNIVERSITY OF ROSTOCK H. WINKLER IAIB WISMAR TEST OF VIPS IN SIMULATION; LABORATORY, AND PRACTICE IVIS - THE ROYAL INSTITUTE OF GREAT BRITAIN - LONDON NORTHERN H ALF 2005 under Construction E LEMENTS J OINTS AT S URFACE C OATING F IXING J OINT BETWEEN E LEMENTS

12 VIP2: F ACADE P LAN, READY F ACADE, AND T HERMOGRAPHY G.-W. MAINKA UNIVERSITY OF ROSTOCK H. WINKLER IAIB WISMAR TEST OF VIPS IN SIMULATION; LABORATORY, AND PRACTICE IVIS - THE ROYAL INSTITUTE OF GREAT BRITAIN - LONDON SOUTHERN H ALF 2005 READY D ETAIL VENTILATED E LEMENT

13 VIP2: U-V ALUE G.-W. MAINKA UNIVERSITY OF ROSTOCK H. WINKLER IAIB WISMAR TEST OF VIPS IN SIMULATION; LABORATORY, AND PRACTICE IVIS - THE ROYAL INSTITUTE OF GREAT BRITAIN - LONDON M EASURED U (k)-V ALUE : U = 0.19 W/m²K L ONG T IME M ONITORING : T EMPERATURES [°C] AND H EAT F LUX [W/m²]

14 VIP2: I NFLUENCE OF T HERMAL B RIDGES G.-W. MAINKA UNIVERSITY OF ROSTOCK H. WINKLER IAIB WISMAR TEST OF VIPS IN SIMULATION; LABORATORY, AND PRACTICE IVIS - THE ROYAL INSTITUTE OF GREAT BRITAIN - LONDON W ESTERN FACADE CA. 140 m² (2 GABLE WALLS ) ETICS WITH VIP- KERNEL (S TO COMPANY ) -value [W/mK] U-value [W/m²K] equival. thickness EPS (λ=40mW/mK) d [mm] VIP (center) -0, VIP (ThB) 0,002750, Φ= U*A + Σψ*l d = λ/(Φ*A) -10%

15 VIP2: L ONG T ERM B EHAVIOUR V ENTILATION G.-W. MAINKA UNIVERSITY OF ROSTOCK H. WINKLER IAIB WISMAR TEST OF VIPS IN SIMULATION; LABORATORY, AND PRACTICE IVIS - THE ROYAL INSTITUTE OF GREAT BRITAIN - LONDON N ORTHERN H ALF S OUTHERN H ALF

16 C ONCLUSION : VIP1 + + Easy to handle structural glazing - High performance for adjustable fixing system - Avoid ventilation behind panels (mineral fibers) - Reasons for cracks in ceramic plates unknown, probably to thin (3mm) - Surface to sensitive for impacts (Vandalism) - Ventilated VIPs: to many - Thermal bridges: extra energy loss 43% not yet recommended not yet recommended to be further developed G.-W. MAINKA UNIVERSITY OF ROSTOCK H. WINKLER IAIB WISMAR TEST OF VIPS IN SIMULATION; LABORATORY, AND PRACTICE IVIS - THE ROYAL INSTITUTE OF GREAT BRITAIN - LONDON

17 C ONCLUSION : VIP2 G.-W. MAINKA UNIVERSITY OF ROSTOCK H. WINKLER IAIB WISMAR TEST OF VIPS IN SIMULATION; LABORATORY, AND PRACTICE IVIS - THE ROYAL INSTITUTE OF GREAT BRITAIN - LONDON common ETICS-technique + VIP protected + Ventilated VIPs: very few: < 1% + Thermal bridges: extra energy loss 10% recommended recommended

18 E ND T HANK YOU VERY MUCH FOR YOUR A TTENTION G.-W. MAINKA UNIVERSITY OF ROSTOCK H. WINKLER IAIB WISMAR TEST OF VIPS IN SIMULATION; LABORATORY, AND PRACTICE IVIS - THE ROYAL INSTITUTE OF GREAT BRITAIN - LONDON Georg-Wilhelm Mainka Heiko Winkler


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