Presentation on theme: "S E C T I O N 3 T h e s i m p l e p r e s e n t E L C A 1 0 1."— Presentation transcript:
S E C T I O N 3 T h e s i m p l e p r e s e n t E L C A 1 0 1
(3.1) The Simple Present *We use the Simple Present when we talk about what people do all the time, or again and again. * The Simple Present has only one from, except for the third person singular, which add an –s to the base from. VerbSubjec t VerbSubject works He work I SheYou ItWE They
Read the sentences about atypical day for Janet. Underline the correct from of the verb. 1.The alarm clock ( ring / rings ) at 7 a.m. every morning. 2.Janet ( turn / turns ) of the alarm clock. 3.She (get / gets ) up. 4.She (go / goes) to the bathroom. 5.She ( have / has ) a shower. 6.She ( comb / combs) her hair. 7.Janet says, “I( brush / brushes ) my teeth every morning”. 8.She (put / puts ) on her clothes. 9.Janet ( eat /eats ) breakfast with her sister Susan. 10.They (drink / drinks ) coffee. 11.They ( eat / eats ) cereal. 12.They ( watch / watches ) the news on television. 13.Susan ( stay / stays ) at home. 14.They ( say / says ) goodbye. 15.Janet ( lock / locks ) the door. 16.She (wait / waits ) for the bus. 17.She (get / gets ) on a bus. 18.She (pay / pays ) the bus driver. 19.She (sit / sits ) down on a seat. 20.She (get / gets )off the bus at the some place every day.
1- She works in a classroom. 2- She corrects homework. 3- Mr Page uses a computer to write. 4- He write stories. 5- Miss white works in a hospital. 6- She sees a lot of ill people. 7- Mr Green plants flowers. 8- He works outside. Look at the names and jobs of the four people. Write two sentences for each person using the words below. * W o r k / i n a c l a s s r o o m. * w o r k / o u t s i d e. * S e e / a l o t o f i l l p e o p l e. * U s e / c o m p u t e r t o w r i t e. * p l a n t / f l o w e r s. * w o r k / i n a h o s p i t a l. * c o r r e c t / h o m e w o r k. * W r i t e / s t o r i e s.
(3.2) Adverbs of frequency *Adverbs of frequency tall us how many times something happens. *Always, usually, often, sometimes, rarely and never are adverbs of frequency. We often use them with the Simple Present. They come between the subject and the verb. Simple Present Adverbs of frequency Subject My homewor k. doalwaysI Early.Get upusuallyYou To the radio. listensoftenTony Tea.drinkssometimesShe To the theatre. gorarelyWe ------ flyneverPenguins
Add the adverb of frequency in brackets. 1.I get up at 7 a.m. (always) 2.I have breakfast at 7.30 (usually) 3.I have two cops of tea for breakfast. ( often) 4.I eat eggs for breakfast. ( never ) 5.I watch the morning news on television. ( sometime) 6.I listen to the radio at home. (rarely ) 7.I read the newspaper in the morning. (usually) 8.I lock my door. (always) 9.I take the bus to work. (usually) 10.I take a taxi. (rarely ) 11.I get to work on time. ( often) 12.I arrive late. ( sometime) 1.I always get up at 7 a.m. 2.I usually have breakfast at 7.30 3.I often drink two cops of tea for breakfast. 4.I never eat eggs for breakfast. 5.I sometime watch the morning news on television. 6.I rarely listen to the radio at home. 7.I usually read the newspaper in the morning. 8. I always lock my door. 9.I usually take the bus to work. 10.I rarely take a taxi. 11.I often get to work on time. 12.I sometime arrive late.
Correct the mistakes and rewrite the sentences 1.My name Andrew Higgins. 2.I an English teacher. 3.I loves my work. 4.I works in a small school. 5.I start always class on time. 6.I finish never class early. 7.My students studies a lot. 8.They speaks never in class. 9.They have always homework. 10.They good students. 11.They laugh never or smile in class. 1.My name is Andrew Higgins. 2.I am an English teacher. 3.I love my work. 4.I work in a small school. 5.I always start class on time. 6.I never finish class early. 7.My students study a lot. 8.They never speak in class. 9.They always have homework. 10.They are good students. 11.They never laugh or smile in class.
Write five sentences about things you do every day, using adverbs of frequency. 1.I usually get up at eight o’clock. 2.I always drink coffee for breakfast. 3.I never read the newspaper in the morning. 4.I often use my computer. 5.I some times get up late.
What do you do every night ? Use always, usually, often, sometimes, rarely or never or never and the following phrases. 1.Eat dinner early. 2.Watch TV. 3.Go to bed late. 4.Read magazines. 5.See friends 6.Speak English. 7.Go to the cinema. 8.Do my homework. 9.Stay at home. 10.Drink tea in bed. 1.I rarely eat dinner early. 2.I often watch TV. 3.I sometime go to bed late. 4.I never read magazines. 5.I usually see friends 6.I rarely speak English. 7.I sometime go to the cinema. 8.I always do my homework. 9.I often stay at home. 10.I never drink tea in bed.
Adverb of frequency Simple present of to be Subject Late Always IsTed Usually often sometime rarely never Simple present verb Adverb of frequency Subject LateComesSometimeTed We put adverbs frequency after the verb to be.. We put adverbs frequency before all other verbs..
Add the adverbs frequency to each sentence 1.Yukio is on time.( always) 2.Yukio comes to work on time. ( always) 3.Yukio is ill. ( never ) 4.He works on Saturday. (usually) 5.He is at work on Sunday. ( sometime) 6.He feels tired. ( sometime) 7.He is at home early. (rarely ) 8.He works late at the office. ( often) 9.He goes on holiday. (rarely ) 10.He misses a meeting. ( never ) 11.He is in his office. (usually) 12.He is late with his work. (rarely ) 13.He goes the bed late. ( often) 14.He is at desk at lunch. ( often) 15.He has time for his family. (rarely ) 1.Yukio is always on time. 2.Yukio always comes to work on time. 3.Yukio is never ill. 4.He usually works on Saturday. 5.He is sometime at work on Sunday. 6.He sometime feels tired. 7.He is rarely at home early. 8.He often works late at the office. 9.He rarely goes on holiday. 10.He never misses a meeting. 11.He is usually in his office. 12.He is rarely late with his work. 13.He often goes the bed late. 14.He is often at desk at lunch. 15.He rarely has time for his family.
Write about six things you do every day with always, usually, often, sometimes, rarely and never.use the phrases in the box or invent your own. 1.I always go to bed late. 2.I rarely get up early at weekends. 3.I sometime do my homework with my friends. 4.I never drink tea in the morning. 5.I am usually early to school. 6.I often exercise after class. Get up – drink tea –exercise – early/late – to school – do homework –go to bed
Pronunciatio n ExamplesSpellingVerb /s/ He like coffee. He works. It sleeps. +sThe verb ends in the sounds /f/,/k/,/p/,/t/. Like work sleep /z/ He swims She reads He runs +sThe verb ends in the sounds /b/,/d/,/g/,/l/,/m/,/n/,/r/,/v/ or in vowel. swim read run /iz/ She watches TV. He dresses. It finishes at 10 p.m. +esThe verb ends in /ch/,/sh/,/s/,/x/,/z/. watch dress finish /z/ He worries a lot. The baby cries at night. She hurries to work. Drop y, add- ies The verb ends in consonant +y. worry cry hurry /z/ He plays football. She stays at home. He buys food. +sThe verb ends in a vowel +y. play stay buy
Write the third person singular of the verb in brackets. 1.Peter ( live ) in London. 2.He (work ) in a bank. 3.He ( wear) a suit to work. 4.He ( hurry) to work in the morning. 5.He ( finish) work at 5.00. 6.He ( take ) the underground home. 7.He (read) the newspaper on the train. 8.He (worry) abut his job. 9.He (play) football on Saturday. 10.He (wash) his clothes on Sunday. lives works wears hurries finishes takes reads worries plays washes
Write the third person singular of the verbs in the correct column. /s/ Puts Asks Drinks Eats Likes Looks Speaks Stops Walks Writes ask – dance – kiss – pass –see –try – begin – drink – like – play – speak- walk – brush – eat – look – put – stay – wash – buy – fix – miss – rain – stop – wish – catch – fly – open – say – teach - write /iz/ Brushes Catches Dances Fixes Kisses Misses Passes Teaches Washes Wishes /z/ Sees Tries Begins Plays Stays Buys Rains Flies Opens Says
Complete the sentences with the third person singular of the verb in brackets. Then underline the correct pronunciation for each verb. Dan Thomas ( come) 1 ( s/z/iz) from Canada but he( live)2 ( s/z/iz) in New York. He (teach )3 ( s/z/iz) English. He (like ) 4 ( s/z/iz) to walk, so he (walk ) 5 walks ( s/z/iz) to school every day. He always (arrive ) 6 arrives ( s/z/iz) in class on time. He ( enjoy ) 7 ( s/z/iz) his job and (love)8 ( s/z/iz) his students. He never (miss) 9 ( s/z/iz) a class. He usually (give ) 10 ( s/z/iz) a lot of homework and (ask ) 11 ( s/z/iz) a lot of questions in class. He always (correct ) 12 ( s/z/iz) the homework and (give ) 13 ( s/z/iz) the homework back the next day. He (speak ) 14 ( s/z/iz) English fast and always ( forget ) 15 ( s/z/iz) the names of the students. He always( finish) 16 ( s/z/iz) the class late. comes lives teaches likes enjoys loves missesgives asks corrects gives speaks forgets finishes
Complete the sentences about Laura with the words on the left. 1.Try, always 2.Study, usually 3.Worry, often 4.Stay, never 5.Play,rarely 6.Enjoy,rarely 7.Be, often 8.Car, sometime 9.Say, usually 10.Look, often 1.Laura always Tries hard. 2.She usually Studies in the library after class. 3.She often Worries about her homework and her tests. 4.She never Stays out with her friends after school. 5.She rarely Plays sports or games. 6.She rarely Enjoys a film. 7.She is often unhappy. 8.She sometime Cries. 9.She usually Says she is happy and fine. 10.But she often Looks sad.
Has a problem. He She It I have a job. Does the work. He She It I do the work. Goes out side. He She It I go to work. The third person forms of to have, to go and to do are irregular.
Complete the sentences with the verbs in brackets. 1.Both Kathy and Kay (go) go to work. 2.Kathy (go) goes to work in a hospital. 3.Kay (go) goes to work in a big office. 4.Both Kathy and Kay (have ) have cars. 5.Kathy (have) has a big car. 6.Kay ( have) has a small car. 7.Both Kathy and Kay (do ) do yoga to be healthy. 8.Kathy (do) does yoga in a gym. 9.Kay (do ) does yoga at home.
Complete the sentences with the verbs in brackets using the simple present. Mike ( have )1 has two classes in the morning. At 12 a.m., he ( finish ) 2 finishes his classes and ( go ) 3 goes to the cafeteria. He ( eat ) 4 eats lunch with his classmates.After lunch,he ( study,usually ) 5 usually studies in the library. His teachers ( give, often )6 often give a lot of homework. Then, he ( take ) 7 takes the bus to his uncles garage. He (enjoy ) 8 enjoys his work at the garage. He ( repair ) 9 repairs cars and ( talk )10 talks to the people. His uncle ( pay )11 pays him every week. The garage ( close )12 closes at 8 p.m. After work, Mike ( walk ) 13 walks home. The garage is near his flat. Mike ( have ) 14 has a flat mate, Len. Len (be) 15 is very nice. He (try, always ) 16 always tries to help Mike. Len and Mike) ( cook ) 17 cook dinner and then they (eat )18 eat in the kitchen. They ( talk, always ) 19 always talk a lot. Len ( do, always ) 20 always does the washing –up. They ( watch, usually ) 21 usually watch television. They ( like ) 22 like football and other sports on TV. They ( go, often ) 23 often go to bed late.
Complete the sentences with have or has. Sam 1 has a good job. He 2 has a wife, Kate. They 3 have two children. Kate 4 has a good job, too. She is a teacher. They 5 have one car and they 6 have a small house. The house 7 has two bedrooms. It 8 has a garden 9 has trees and flowers. Sam and his family are happy. They 10 have a good life.
Complete the sentences with is or has. 1.Sam is young. 2.He is 28 years old. 3.He is healthy. 4.Today Sam has a problem. 5.He is ill. 6.He has a cold. 7.He has a headache. 8.Sam is at home today.
Write five sentences about the things you have got. Use some of the nouns in the box. 1.I've got a flat. 2.I've got a brother and sister 3.I've got a dictionary. 4.My sister has got car. 5.She also has got a job. Flat - brother - sister - car - dictionary - house - job - problem
Complete the following e-mail to someone you do not know with have got or to be. 1 I've got brown hair. What colour hair 2 have you got ? 3 I your hair long or short ? 4 I've got brown eyes. What colour 5 are your eyes ? 6 I'm not very tall. How tall 7 are you ? 8 I've got a brother. My brother 9 is fifteen. How many brothers and sisters 10 have you got ? How old 11 are you ?12 have you got a house ?13 I have got two cats and one dog. 14 I have got a dog.
Complete the sentences to answer the e-mail questions about yourself. 1.I've got brown hair. 2.My hair is short. 3.I've got brown eyes. 4.I'm tall. 5.I've got one brothers and sister. 6.I have got a house. 7.I have got a cat. 8.I have got a dog.
Complete the sentences with have got. When have got is not possible, use the correct from of to have. 1.I want a cup of coffee. Have you got any sugar ? 2.No, but I have got some milk. 3.I usually have coffee in the morning. 4.My brother always have tea in the morning. 5.Have you got a computer ? 6.Yes, I have. 7.I have got a new computer at work. 8.I often have problems with my computer. 9.Oh really ? I never have problems with my computer. 10.We have got an old computer.