Presentation on theme: "Ascription and achievement from a historical contextual perspective The Netherlands, 1887-1941 Social Stratification Research Seminar Utrecht, September."— Presentation transcript:
Ascription and achievement from a historical contextual perspective The Netherlands, Social Stratification Research Seminar Utrecht, September Richard L. Zijdeman | Utrecht University | Research funded by NWO MAGW Grant
Introduction Research on contemporary intergenerational status attainment draws on detailed data and advanced methods but seldom takes context into account Research on status attainment in the past often uses marriage records, which has no information on educational attainment
Research questions How much did the status attainment process change in the Netherlands at the end of the 19 th and beginning of the 20 th century? Can these changes be explained by differences in regional developments (modernization)?
Two approaches to status attainment
Zierikzeesche Nieuwsbode, May 31 st 1881, p2/2. Source:
Fathers occupation Sons occupation Sons education Mass communication - -
Educational expansion - In-migration -- Educational expansion +- Urbanization -- + Mass communication --
Approach (1) Start with a representative sample of those entering higher secondary education (VHMO) in 1880/81 and 1920 Trace back their marriage records Combine these data with marriage records of the Historical Sample of the Netherlands
Approach (2) Compare status attainment models within cohorts ( and 1920) in more and less advanced municipalities of marriage (e.g. more/less urbanized) Compare between cohorts within more and less advanced municipalities
Coverage of the municipalities of birth
Status attainment 1880 / 1920 Fathers occupational status Sons occupational status Sons educational attainment
Change at one point in time within context
Difference over time within contexts
Conclusions Overall: – Direct influence of father on sons occupational status decreases – Educational attainment becomes more important for a sons occupational status Context specific: – Most of these changes only occur in the more advanced regions (cities) over time – Little difference between less and more advanced regions Industrialism thesis or status maintenance theory? – Industrialism thesis, but little evidence for decreasing effect of social background on educational attainment
To do Use continuous measures rather than more / less advanced context add indicators (e.g. railway stations, industrialization) or maybe go back to modernization?