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Ascription and achievement from a historical contextual perspective The Netherlands, 1887-1941 Social Stratification Research Seminar Utrecht, September.

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Presentation on theme: "Ascription and achievement from a historical contextual perspective The Netherlands, 1887-1941 Social Stratification Research Seminar Utrecht, September."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ascription and achievement from a historical contextual perspective The Netherlands, 1887-1941 Social Stratification Research Seminar Utrecht, September 8-9 2010 Richard L. Zijdeman | Utrecht University | r.l.zijdeman@uu.nl Research funded by NWO MAGW Grant 400-05-054

2 Introduction Research on contemporary intergenerational status attainment draws on detailed data and advanced methods but seldom takes context into account Research on status attainment in the past often uses marriage records, which has no information on educational attainment

3 Research questions How much did the status attainment process change in the Netherlands at the end of the 19 th and beginning of the 20 th century? Can these changes be explained by differences in regional developments (modernization)?

4 Two approaches to status attainment

5 Zierikzeesche Nieuwsbode, May 31 st 1881, p2/2. Source: http://beeldbank.zeeuwsebibliotheek.nl/krantenbank/http://beeldbank.zeeuwsebibliotheek.nl/krantenbank/

6 Fathers occupation Sons occupation Sons education Mass communication - -

7 Educational expansion - In-migration -- Educational expansion +- Urbanization -- + Mass communication --

8 Approach (1) Start with a representative sample of those entering higher secondary education (VHMO) in 1880/81 and 1920 Trace back their marriage records Combine these data with marriage records of the Historical Sample of the Netherlands

9 Approach (2) Compare status attainment models within cohorts (1880-81 and 1920) in more and less advanced municipalities of marriage (e.g. more/less urbanized) Compare between cohorts within more and less advanced municipalities

10 Data

11 Coverage of the municipalities of birth 1880-811920

12

13 Results HSN

14 VHMO pupils

15 Status attainment 1880 / 1920 Fathers occupational status Sons occupational status Sons educational attainment

16 Change at one point in time within context

17 Difference over time within contexts

18 Conclusions Overall: – Direct influence of father on sons occupational status decreases – Educational attainment becomes more important for a sons occupational status Context specific: – Most of these changes only occur in the more advanced regions (cities) over time – Little difference between less and more advanced regions Industrialism thesis or status maintenance theory? – Industrialism thesis, but little evidence for decreasing effect of social background on educational attainment

19 To do Use continuous measures rather than more / less advanced context add indicators (e.g. railway stations, industrialization) or maybe go back to modernization?

20 Backup


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