Presentation on theme: "Types of Child Abuse Physical Abuse"— Presentation transcript:
1 Types of Child Abuse Physical Abuse Is when a child is physically injured by any person caring for them.It is also when a person caring for the child knowingly fails to prevent an injury.
2 Physical signs of Physical Abuse Unexplained bruising in places where an injury cannot easily be explainedFacial bruisingHand or finger marks or pressure bruisingBite marksBurns (particularly cigarette burns), scaldsUnexplained fracturesLacerations
3 Emotional signs of Physical Abuse Afraid or anxiousUnable to trust others a lot of the timePoor self-esteemLacking in confidenceEmotionally withdrawnDepressedSleep disturbanceFeeling angry and frustrated
4 Behavioural Indicators of Physical Abuse Withdrawn or aggressive behaviourVandalismUnresponsive to othersSelf harming behavioursInability to take initiativeSudden changes in behaviour, e.g. from extrovert to introvert
5 Cognitive Signs of Physical Abuse Speech or language delayDoesn’t talk at all even though able toUnable to concentrateLack of problem solving abilityPoor achievement at school
6 Types of Child Abuse Sexual Abuse Is when a person involves a child under the age of consent in any activity that leads to the sexual gratification of that adult.This often includes physical contact such as rape but can also include taking pornographic photographs.
7 Physical Indicators of Sexual Abuse Marks or bruising around genital areaPain or itching in the genital areaUrinary tract infectionsNot meeting developmental milestonesTorn, stained or bloody underclothesBedwetting, sleep disturbancesLoss of appetite
8 Behavioural and Emotional Indicators of Sexual Abuse Hints of sexual activity through words, play, drawings, etc.Informed knowledge of sexual behaviourExcessive cryingFeeding problemsAnxious or fretful about thingsIntense fear of the darkPoor self-esteem
9 Types of Child Abuse Emotional Abuse Is when a child’s basic emotional needs are not being met and this has an effect on their behaviour and development.This can include being constantly ridiculed, criticised or threatened.
10 Behavioural and Emotional Signs of Emotional Abuse Attention seekingWithdrawnTelling liesInability to have funLow self-esteemUnable to trust peopleTantrums past age of normal developmentConstantly trying to pleaseInability to playPoor bonding with parents/carers
11 Physical and Cognitive Signs of Emotional Abuse Poor physical developmentIllnessSigns of physical abuseLanguage delayPoor concentration spanDifficulties in problem solving
12 Types of Child Abuse Physical Neglect Is when someone caring for a child persistently exposes that child to danger or persistently fails to fulfil the child’s basic needs and results in health or developmental problems.Neglect also includes non-organic failure to thrive. This is a medical diagnosis of lack of development in a child where there is no physical or organic cause, such as illness, to account for it.
13 Physical Indicators of Physical Neglect Poor hygieneInadequately clothedUntreated medical problemsPoor nourishment/always hungryRegular infectionsPoor motor skills and co-ordinationDelay in growth
14 Behavioural and Emotional Signs of Physical Neglect Listless and inactivePoor play skillsDoesn’t show excitementExcessively seeks adult approvalDepressedAnxiousFeels inferior to peers
15 Cognitive Indicators of Physical Neglect Language and speech delayPoor concentration skillsLack of basic problem solving skillsDelay in development