Presentation on theme: "Source B : a Cartoon from Punch - March 1938"— Presentation transcript:
1 Source B : a Cartoon from Punch - March 1938 2. Explain the significance of the cartoon (Source B) in the context of events at the timeIn reaching a conclusion, you should refer to:the origin and possible purpose of the sourcethe content of the source andrecalled knowledgeCaption – GOOD HUNTINGMussolini- "All right, Adolf- I never heard a shot"
2 Step 1 -Immediate context Source refers to the Anschluss i.e. the annexation of Austria by Germany Feb/March 1938Strictly forbidden under Versailles this action should have brought resistance from Britain/Prance as guarantor powers of the treatyAs it turned out, they accepted the act despite criticism that this only encouraged Hitler and indeed strengthened his position in that he now out-flanked the Czech stateSource B - a cartoon fromPunch March 1938
3 Step 1 -Immediate context Austrian freedom was sacrificed to maintain peaceFor reasons which are now in debate, Britain condemned but did not resist the annexationThe popular view was that the Nazis had saved Austria from a Communist plotPopular view in UK was that the Austrians welcomed the event and that it was not worth a war over principle of VersaillesSource B - a cartoon fromPunch March 1938
4 Step 2 - Big pictureThe source offers a critical view of Hitler's actions and makes the impression that Hitler has got away with an illegal act.It very much opposes British Government opinion at the timeSource B - a cartoon fromPunch March 1938
5 Step 3 – Select relevant points from the source and use recall to evaluate each point Point one from sourceFigure of Hitler as a poacherRecall evaluating point from sourceReflects minority view that Hitler had 'poached' Austria. Most people in UK saw the German/Austrian union as a practical solution for both states
6 Step 3 – Select relevant points from the source and use recall to evaluate each point Point two from sourceStrictly PreservedRecall evaluating point from sourceReflects Versailles terms which had forbidden the ‘union’. Yet the view in UK was that this term was outdated.
7 Step 3 – Select relevant points from the source and use recall to evaluate each point Recall evaluating point from sourceReflects apparent loss of freedoms of Austrian people under the proposed Anschluss. A minority view at the time. The Austrian goat/deer representing the nation 'poached' or controlled by Hitler was believed by some to have been 'shot' by Hitler - a metaphor for the type of Government the Nazis representedPoint three from sourceAustrian Integrity
8 Step 3 – Select relevant points from the source and use recall to evaluate each point Recall evaluating point from sourceThis is a key point. The gamekeeper figure as he is represented is shown encouraging and accepting Hitler's actions and, as he says, ‘I never heard a shot’. This is in contrast to 1934 during the failed Anschluss when Mussolini threatened to put 10,000 troops into the Brenner Pass to prevent the threat of Nazis expansion. However by 1938, it was, as the source suggests, Mussolini’s key role which allowed Hitler to complete the Anschluss. By 1938, events over Abyssinia, the collapse of the Stresa Front and the Spanish Civil War had undermined the Italian position.Point four from sourceMussolini
9 Step 3 – Select relevant points from the source and use recall to evaluate each point Point five from sourceCaption:‘I never heard a shot’Recall evaluating point from sourceThere was no shooting! The Germans appeared to have been welcomed (flags, crowds) -so much so that Hitler decided to absorb Austria into Germany rather than put in a puppet Government.
10 Step 3 – Select relevant points from the source and use recall to evaluate each point Point six from source‘Good Hunting’Recall evaluating point from sourceIronic, sarcastic view of the event.
11 Step 4 - Link back to the question Explain the significance of the cartoon (Source B) in the context of events at the time.Source B highlights a critical view of the Anschluss and warns about German actions.
12 Step 5 -Additional recall At the time however, the majority view was to accept Hitler's actions. Few people knew the actual details of the events leading up to the Anschluss i.e. the actions of Schuschnigg; the bullying by Hitler at Berchtesgaden and the plebiscite and then forced playing of Hitler's hand (Communist plot etc.)Most people accepted the view that the Austrian people wanted the union and accepted it. In letters to newspapers, George Bernard Shaw and Lord Lothian spoke out in favour of a common sense view of the matter.While Chamberlain did not 'like' the way the Anschluss had been carried out, he nevertheless had no intention of using force to stop it. The risks/gains were weighed out and the balance was to accept it and move on. It was another of the wrongs of Versailles resolved.
13 Step 6 – ConclusionIn conclusion, the source offers a critical view of the Anschluss -one which was not reflected at the time.