2 Objectives State Newton’s third law of motion Identify action and reaction forcesExplain how forces come in pairs
3 Watch the movie carefully and answer the below questions: What do we call the force that pulls the ball downward?In what direction the object accelerates ? Explain your answer.What happens when the ball reaches the ground?What causes the ball to bounce when it reaches the ground?4. Why does the green box stay at rest?Conclude
4 Now Look at the figure below and answer the questions: When the balloon is emptied from air, in which direction the balloon pushes the air?2. In what direction, the air pushes the balloon? How do you know?3. Conclude.
5 ConclusionWhen an object exerts an action- force on a second object, the second object reacts by exerting a reaction –force on the first object which is equal in magnitude but opposite in direction to the action force.In other words, for every action there will be a reaction and forces act in pairs.This is Newton’s Third Law of motion.
6 The figure below shows Apollo 11 roaring toward the moon in 1969: Answer the questions below:Apollo 11What is the action force exerted on Apollo 11?2. In what direction should be the reaction of engine to accelerate Apollo 11 upward?3. If Apollo ‘s mass is 200,000 kg, find the magnitude of the action force exerted on Apollo 11?4. Estimate the reaction force of the engine
7 The figure below shows a rocket launched in the space: Answer the following questions:Rocket mailThe gases produced are expelled by the engine from the back of the rocket. What is the action force exerted on the rocket?2. What will be the reaction force exerted on the rocket? In what direction?
8 For each of the following figures, identify the action force and the reaction force, show the direction of the forces
9 Identify the action and reaction forces in the figures below, show the direction of the forces
10 Can you explain how a bird flies? Answer:The bird when he moves his wings , he pushes the air downward ( action) , the air exerts a force upward ( reaction ) lifting the bird .
11 DO NOT FORGET:Forces work in pairs: for every action there will be a reaction which will have the same magnitude as the action force but in opposite direction.This statement represents Newton’s third law.
12 For Next timeSolve chapter review + standardized practice test textbook p: 94-96Download PowerPoint presentation and worksheet from wikispaces.Quiz on Thursday : Newton’s first and second law.