Presentation on theme: "Human Rights Human rights are the rights of free existence because we are human beings. To advocate human rights is to demand that the dignity of all people."— Presentation transcript:
1Human RightsHuman rights are the rights of free existence because we are human beings.To advocate human rights is to demand that the dignity of all people be respected.The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a statement of basic human rights and standards for government that has been agreed upon to by almost every country in the world.It was first written and adopted by the UN in 1948, under the leadership of Eleanor Roosevelt, it proclaims that all people have the right to liberty, education, political and religious freedom, and economic well-being.The Declaration bans torture and says that all people have the right to participate in the government process. They are promoted, recognized, and observed by every country that belongs to the UN.
2The UN Declaration of Human Rights is not a binding treaty, but the UN has established a system of legal treaties and other legal mechanisms to enforce human rights. They include 2 major treaties:The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights protects rights such as freedoms of speech, religion, and press and the right to participate in government.The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights provides for rights such as the right to adequate education, food, housing and health care.The right of a job that has safe working conditions, adequate salary, and the right to own property falls under number 2 here.There are other important human rights, including genocide, discrimination against women, and rights of children that are specified in treaties in the declaration.
3Even when the United States signs these human rights treaties, it often restricts their enforcement within the country. This is done so by announcing that the United States is taking reservations, which is legal means for making a provision less enforceable than it might otherwise be.There are a number of reasons for reservations, like federalism, that is the right of the federal government to force laws on states.For example, the United States has taken a reservation to treaties that prohibit the death penalty against juveniles, the basis is that it should be a decision made by individual states.Human Rights are standards that can become law. Female Infanticide is an example.