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Design and Postmodernism Postmodernism in Design... rejects what were viewed as the dictates of the design establishment built on 60s rejection of the.

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Presentation on theme: "Design and Postmodernism Postmodernism in Design... rejects what were viewed as the dictates of the design establishment built on 60s rejection of the."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Design and Postmodernism

3 Postmodernism in Design... rejects what were viewed as the dictates of the design establishment built on 60s rejection of the values inherent in the Modern Movement has its foundations in 60s and 70s Pop and Italian Radical Design foregrounds the consumer and emphasises the idea of design as communication stresses the importance of signs and symbols as a means of reviving communication through design argues that the richness of historic and contemporary cultural tradition must be acknowledged once more finds its signs and symbols in the international visual language of history but equally in vernacular design and popular culture values irony and wit and often requires or assumes recognition of its quotations to achieve this – communication through a universal language is indebted to mid-century semiotic theory is indebted to 1970s architectural theory

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11 What is Postmodernism? it is an academic term applied within a wide range of fields – philosophy, cultural studies, linguistics, literature, art and design history it identifies a new phase of social and cultural development, citing as key factors; the dominance of visual and mass media; the development of digital technology and an information society; the importance of consumption and the consumer

12 To begin In its simplest form postmodernism is most clearly understood in terms of its rejection of the values, forms and theories associated with Modernism or Modernity

13 Modernism in design and architecture rejected the forms and values of a previous age – particularly the revival of historic styles, ornamentation and decoration offered a democratic and utopian solution to the problems of mass production – good design for all argued that aesthetic beauty would naturally arise out of reason and truth – embodied in ideas such as form follows function, truth to materials evolved a simple, pure and unifying aesthetic reflected in Mies Van Der Rohes dictum, less is more

14 Marianne Brandt. The Kandem Table Lamp Form follows function. Objects as expressions of use value or function

15 Marcel Breuer. Model B3. (The Wassily Chair) 1925 Rationalism in design would create a well-ordered world expressed in clean forms attuned to modern life, modern materials and modern technology.

16 K.J. Jucker & W.Wagenfeld. Electric Table Lamp The aesthetic would be appropriate for the machine-age, appearing engineered, precise, highly finished and manufactured

17 The trajectory of European Modernism 1930s. Late 1940s. Post 2 nd World War. 1950s. The Bauhaus and the advent of war Internationally, much design emphasised the crisp, geometrical, clean and modern. Good Design promoted by MOMA in New York, the Design Council in the UK, Hochschule fur Gestaltung in Germany

18 GOOD DESIGN Edgar Kauffman Jnr. Dept of Industrial Design, MOMA In defining good design Kauffman did little more, however, than reiterate the same Arts and Crafts values that had been voiced by so many Modern Movement spokesmen before him, emphasizing once again the well known tenets of truth to materials, the unification of form and function, aesthetic simplicity, and expression of the modern age……..

19 Marcello Nizzoli The Lettera 22. Olivetti The Mirella Sewing Machine. 1956

20 Dieter Rams. The Transistor. Braun. 1956

21 Dieter Rams & Hans Gugelot SK4. Snow Whites Coffin. Braun. 1956

22 Modernism as an imposed solution All believed that advances in science and technology were evidence of social progress and provided paradigms for design thinking. They thought that communication could be objective and that optimum solutions to design problems could be found. Many felt that design, if rationally conceived,. could help solve social problems and did not itself create such problems. And most assumed that goods should be mass produced by industry. Victor Margolin. Design Discourse. 1998

23 From design as solution to design as communication

24 60s and 70s Pop and Radical Design Semiotic theory Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture. Robert Venturi Learning from Las Vegas. Robert Venturi, Denise Scott Brown..., 1972 The Language of Postmodern Architecture, 1973, Charles Jencks

25 POP – fun, disposability, colour pattern, vitality, kitsch.

26 Italian Radical Design Archizoom Associati, Naufragio di Rose dream bed. 1967

27 Semiotics One key figure. Roland Barthes Mythologies 1957 French 1972 English

28 "Every object in the world can pass from a closed, silent existence to an oral state" Barthes, R., Mythologies, New York, Hill and Wang, 1998, p.109 "We shall therefore take language, discourse, speech etc., to mean any significant unit or synthesis, whether verbal or visual: a photograph will be a kind of speech for us in the same way as a newspaper article; even objects will become speech" Ibid., p.109

29 Architectural theory Robert Venturi Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture Learning from Las Vegas. 1972

30 Architecture can no longer afford to be intimidated by the puritanically moral language of orthodox Modern architecture. I like elements which are hybrid rather than pure, compromising rather than clean, distorted rather than straightforward, ambiguous rather than articulated, perverse as well as impersonal, boring as well as interesting, conventional rather than designed, accommodating rather than excluding, redundant rather than simple, vestigial as well as innovating, inconsistent and equivocal rather than direct and clear. I am for messy vitality over obvious unity Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture. 1966

31 Blatant simplification means bland architecture. Less is a bore Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture. 1966

32 there are didactic images more important than the images of recreation for us to take home to New Jersey or Iowa: one is the Avis with the Venus: another Jack Benny under a classical pediment with Shell Oil beside him...These show the vitality that may be achieved by an architecture of inclusion, or, by contrast the deadness that results from too great a preoccupation with tastefulness and total design Learning from Las Vegas. 1972

33 Robert Venturi. Architect and theorist

34 Charles Jencks. Architect and theorist Colosseum Chair and Stool. 1984

35 Memphis. Established late 1980 Group portrait. 1982

36 Memphis makes extensive use of plastic laminates – formerly a metaphor for bad taste references popular culture and vernacular design extensively adopts an anti-modernist use of colour, decoration and surface design makes repeated ironic reference to modernism and functionalism blurs the boundaries between art and design chaotic, riotous mixing of materials and forms – anti-unity, maximum creativity

37 Memphis. The new Made in Italy, which draws from global culture, from real time, from computers and television by satellite. Thus, Sottsass and his associates have shown us the way out of the cul-de-sac of the Bauhaus

38 Ettore Sottsass. Memphis Milano Carlton Bookshelf. 1981

39 Ettore Sottsass. Memphis Casablanca Buffet. 1981

40 Nathalie Du Pasquier. Memphis Arizona carpet. 1983

41 Javier Mariscal. Memphis Hilton Trolley. 1981

42 Memphis furniture. 1983

43 Postmodernism in Design... has its foundations in 60s and 70s Pop, Anti-design and Radical Design builds on 60s rejection of the values inherent in the Modern Movement foregrounds the consumer and rejects what it views as the dictates of the design establishment argues that the richness of historic and contemporary cultural tradition must be acknowledged once more is indebted to mid-century semiotic theory is indebted to 1970s architectural theory stresses the importance of signs and symbols as a means of reviving communication through design finds these signs and symbols in the international visual language of history, vernacular design and popular culture values irony and wit and often requires or assumes recognition of its quotations to achieve this


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