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Design and Modernism Le Corbusier Contextualised Andrea Peach.

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Presentation on theme: "Design and Modernism Le Corbusier Contextualised Andrea Peach."— Presentation transcript:

1 Design and Modernism Le Corbusier Contextualised Andrea Peach

2 A Great epoch has begun. There exists a new spirit. Towards a New Architecture Le Corbusier 1927


4 Modernism Dominant ideology throughout western industrialised world in art, design and architecture for most of the twentieth century

5 19th century: Ornament & Decoration …

6 If we challenge the past we shall learn that styles no longer exist for us, that a style belonging to our own period has come about; and there has been a Revolution. Towards a New Architecture Le Corbusier 1927

7 Die Wohnung Stuttgart 1927

8 Adolf Loos 1928 Essay on Ornament and Crime: Evolution is synonymous with the removal of ornament from objects of everyday use

9 Adolf Loos 1928 Steiner House - Vienna, Austria

10 Le Corbusier Cook House, Paris, 1926 A house has to fulfill two purposes. First it is a machine for living in, that is, a machine to provide us with efficient help for speed and accuracy in our work, a diligent and helpful machine which should satisfy all our physical needs: comfort. But it should also be a place conducive to meditation, and lastly, a beautiful place, bringing much needed tranquility to the mind. 1923

11 Machine Art exhibition at Museum of Modern Art in New York 1934 The beauty of machine art is in part the abstract beauty of straight lines and circles made into actual tangible surfaces and solids by means of lathes, rulers and squares

12 Industry, overwhelming us like a flood which rolls on towards its destined ends, has furnished us with new tools adapted to this new epoch, animated by the new spirit. Le Corbusier - Towards a New Architecture

13 Russian Constructivist printed textile c 1920

14 Le Corbusier 1929 Metal plays the same part in furniture as cement has done in architecture. It is a revolution.

15 The machinery of Society, profoundly out of gear, oscillates between an amelioration, of historical importance, and a catastrophe. Le Corbusier - Towards a New Architecture

16 Le Corbusier Villa Savoye If we eliminate from our hearts and minds all dead concepts in regard to the house, and look at the question from a critical and objective point of view, we shall arrive at the House Machine

17 We must create the mass-production spirit. The spirit of constructing mass-production houses. The spirit of living in mass-production houses. The spirit of conceiving mass-production houses. Le Corbusier Unit é d Habitation, Marseilles

18 It is a question of building which is at the root of the social unrest of to-day: architecture or revolution Le Corbusier Unit é d Habitation, Marseilles

19 Weissenhof Seidlung, Stuttgart 1927 Mies van der Rohe Walter Gropius / Marcel Breuer

20 Marcel Breuer 1931 This metal furniture is intended to be nothing but a necessary apparatus for contemporary life

21 Modernist Design Objects should be: Simple, honest and direct Well adapted to their purpose No ornament

22 Modernist Design Standardised Machine-made Reasonably priced Expressive of their structure and materials

23 Marcel Breuer 1926 Nickel-plated steel and lacquered wood Nesting Tables Germany

24 Mies van der Rohe 1927 Chrome-plated tubular steel, oil cloth Cantilever Chair Germany

25 Howell Chromasteel USA 1946 Here is gay, sparkling furniture that brings new beauty and charm into your kitchen … its the kind that seems to stay new looking indefinitely

26 Greta von Nessen 1952 Aluminum and enameled metal Anywhere lamp Germany

27 Ocean - Bianco Table / Gamma Chairs - chromed tubular steel frame 2008 …

28 Modernism A term used to refer to the principle that nothing is included in a design that does not enhance the objects purpose

29 Marianne Brandt 1924 Tea infuser Germany, Bauhaus

30 Metal is cold and brutally hard... It gives no comfort to the eye John Gloag 1929

31 Modern carpet designs may provide endless entertainment for your friends Heath Robinson 1936

32 De Staalstoelophoon 1934

33 The end of modernism…? The Titanic - Photomontage Stanley Tigerman, 1978, USA

34 Alessandro Mendini 1978 Redesign of Modern Movement Chairs Wassily by Breuer, Italy 1925

35 The end of modernism... ?


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