Louis Sullivan 1896 It is the pervading law of all things organic and inorganic, of all things physical and metaphysical, of all things human and things superhuman… that form ever follows function, This is the law …
Form and Function Louis Sullivan 1896 Form and function are one … Guarantee Building, Buffalo New York, 1895
Modernism USE should determine the FORM of an object If an object is made to function well it will by definition be beautiful (also referred to as Functionalism)
Rules of Modernist Design Objects should be: simple, honest and direct Well adapted to their purpose No ornament
Rules of Modernist Design Standardised Machine-made Reasonably priced Expressive of their structure and materials
Machine Age 1920s Machines are replacing hand work; the spheres are smooth; the cylinders have the kind of precision only attainable in theory: without fuss, the machine produces surfaces which are faultless.
Machine Age 1920s Russian Constructivist printed textile
Marcel Breuer 1931 This metal furniture is intended to be nothing but a necessary apparatus for contemporary life
Le Corbusier 1929 Metal plays the same part in furniture as cement has done in architecture. It is a revolution.
John Gloag 1929 Metal is cold and brutally hard... It gives no comfort to the eye
Modern carpet designs may provide endless entertainment for your friends Heath Robinson 1936