Presentation on theme: "Organisation of oil spill response in the UK – The National Contingency Plan NATIONAL CONTINGENCY PLAN FOR MARINE POLLUTION FROM SHIPPING AND OFFSHORE."— Presentation transcript:
1 Organisation of oil spill response in the UK – The National Contingency Plan NATIONAL CONTINGENCY PLAN FOR MARINE POLLUTION FROM SHIPPING AND OFFSHORE INSTALLATIONSAs a Party to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), the United Kingdom (UK) has an obligation to protect and preserve the marine environment. This plan is one of the measures that the UK has taken to meet this obligation.This plan co-exists with major incident and security plans operated by ships, ports and offshore installations. There needs to be a mutual respect between those in command and control of this plan and those in charge of all other relevant plans. This ensures that all of the plans can continue to function efficiently, whatever the circumstances.The scope of this plan matches the scope of the Secretary of State’s powers of intervention. References to “marine pollution” therefore refer to pollution by oil or other hazardous substancesThis plan sets out the circumstances in which MCA deploys the UK’s national assets to respond to a marine pollution incident to protect the overriding public interest. It also describes how MCA manages these resources.
2 UK Pollution Control Zone Extends to 200 nautical miles from the coastline or to the nearest median line with neighbouring coastal statesUK has 10,500 Miles of coastThis plan covers all incidents in, or likely to affect, the UK Pollution Control Zone - that is, any part of the sea within the area designated under the Merchant Shipping (Prevention of Pollution) (Limits) Regulations 1996, as amended.The Isle of Man and the Channel Islands are responsible for their own counter pollution arrangements but may request assistance from the MCA in a major incident.
3 The Tiered Response for Crude Oil & Refined Petroleum Products TIER ONESmall operational spill - local resourcesTIER TWOMedium sized spill - regional assistanceFor the purpose of planning, tiers are used to categorise oil pollution incidents. The tiered approach to oil pollution contingency planning identifies resources for responding to spills of increasing magnitude and complexity by extending the geographical area over which the response is coordinated:Tier 1 Local (within the capability of one local authority, harbour authority or Northern Ireland Environment Agency (NIEA))Tier 2 Regional (beyond the capability of one local authority or NIEA)Tier 3 National (requires national resources)When the MCA duty Counter Pollution and Salvage Officer (CPSO) is notified of an incident, the CPSO decides if a regional or national response is warranted. In the event of an incident involving an offshore installation, the duty DTI Environmental Inspector consults with the duty CPSO. This plan lays down no rigid criteria for triggering a regional or national response. However, the CPSO may trigger a national response if:a shipping casualty gives rise to the risk of significant pollution requiring a salvage operation;there is a spill of oil or any other hazardous substance at sea from a ship that requires the deployment of sea borne or air-borne equipment to contain, disperse or neutralise it;there is a spill of oil or any other hazardous substance from an offshore installation that requires the deployment of seaborne, or air-borne equipment by MCA to contain, disperse or neutralise it which the operator of the installation does not have the capacity to deploy (after allowing for mutual support arrangements agreed with other operators); It is the responsibility of this Inspector to make contact with the operator to establish the facts and, if necessary, attend the operator's Emergency Response Centre to monitor the actions of the operator.TIER THREELarge spill – National Assistance (National Contingency Plan)
4 Phases of incident response 4 phases shown on slides to follow:SEARCH AND RESCUESALVAGEAT SEA RESPONSESHORELINE RESPONSEPhases of incident response
5 Search and Rescue Saving human life always holds primacy Other activities may run in parallel provided they do not interfere with search and rescueMCA HMCG lead search and rescue
6 SalvageIf there is a threat of significant pollution the Rescue Co-ordination Centre (RCC) contacts the salvor or, if not yet appointed, the master or owner of the ship, and the harbour master, if the incident is in a port or its approaches, and offers assistance. The RCC states that intervention powers may be exercised and instructs those in command of the vessel to give the SOSREP information
7 At Sea ResponseIn almost all cases involving a national response, whether ship or offshore installation related, MCA establishes a Marine Response Centre (MRC) at the nearest Rescue Co-ordination Centre (RCC)
8 In the early stages of an incident the local authority or NIEA establishes a Tier 1 or Tier 2 response. The detail is contained in their own contingency plan. When the threat of pollution to the shoreline exceeds the capability of the most affected local authority or NIEA, and MCA initiates a national response, that local authority (or authorities) or NIEA sets up a Shoreline Response Centre (SRC).Shoreline Clean - Up
9 Who is involved and who does what ? HMCG - Her Majesty’s CoastguardCPSO - Counter Pollution & Salvage OfficerSOSREP – Secretary of State’s RepresentativeSCU – Salvage Control UnitMRC – Marine Response CentreSRC – Shoreline Response CentreEG – Environment GroupThe characters and response units in the plan may not all be set up in small to medium incidentsAll would be set up in a major incidentNext slides go into the detail for each
10 Who calls who? First call usually to HMCG Then CPSO Then scientist who will contactLocal AuthoritiesEnvironment GroupHMCG usually get first shoutFor pollution the HMCG will call CPSO firstCPSO will judge scale of incident as is and its potential – and thereby decide who needs to be informedThis is all 24/7If threat if pollution then MCA scientist will be calledMCA scientist will look after further calls to fisheries, environmental regulator, and nature conservation body depending on risk (EG) - Scientist will also call Local Authorities who may be threatened by pollution.
11 All depends on incident type and magnitude Minor incident – info onlyMinor with potential - ?Major?ExamplesMany/most incidents are resolved quite quicklyMost incidents are breakdowns – and recovered quickly without much concernBreakdown – repairs usually effected without intervention or a tug is quickly on sceneGroundings and collisions are usually more seriousVariables which CPSO takes into account for potential of incident: includeLocationWeather / sea energy conditionsQuantity and nature of bunkers / cargo on boardOnshore or offshore wind – poss grounding?Proximity of tug – take a towSensitivity of area / nature/ fisheriesRisk to public healthE.g.sBraer – close to shore, force 11 winds, 84k te crude oil, ShetlandRiverdance, Blackpool beach, only 40 te bunkers, low sensitivityNapoli – sensitive area – world heritage site, SOSREP intervention, 4000page manifest, high profile, 3750 te bunkers
12 Command and Control SOSREP SCU Salvage operations HMCG Secretary of StateChief ExecutiveMCADirector of OperationsMCASOSREPSCUSalvage operationsHMCGSearch and RescueMRCAt-sea response operationsMCASRCShoreline clean-upLA + MCAThe structure of the responseSCU – HMCG – MRC – SRC all underpinned by advice from EGEnvironment GroupEnvironmental advice
13 SOSREPSCUHMCGSRCEGDiagram showing all the involved groupsMRC
14 UK Maritime incident response Each unit has a specific roleSome units make decisions and initiate actionsSome units have statutory powers, some do notSome provide advice to other unitsPrime objective of all involved to minimise the potential effects of the pollution
15 CPR Branch Very small team with rather a lot to do Note – names accurate at August May be out of date in future.
16 HMCGHMCG is most often the first organisation notified of an oil spill at seaSAR Search and RescueIn support of oil spill response:Provide communications, marine safety information broadcasts,Assists with deployment of ETVs and helicopters, MCA BoatsMobilise personnel to key locationsProvide local knowledge of areaHMCG will inform duty CPSO who will inform CPR scientists who will – if necessary – initiate environment group (EG), Public Health responseHMCG are key to co-ordinating all communications between the different response cells – particularly at the early stages of the incident
17 Duty CPSOMake assessment of incident and assume responsibility for CP & S implications of incidentarrange to deploy assetsliaise with owners / operatorsInform relevant authorities / organisationsactivate Marine Emergency Information Room (MEIR), if appropriatecontact CP Scientist who will discuss with LAs and carry out any oil spill modelingnotify the MCA Media TeamCPSO will inform all organisations necessary according to the nature of the incident.Local authorities would not need to be informed for an incident 100 miles offshore.The scale of the incident will determine urgency – alerting for minor oil trail report may be left until morning. Major spill – everyone asap
18 Duty CPSO Establishment of contacts during incidents: MCA CPR DEFRA SOSREPShip OwnersP&I ClubsAircraft ResponsePollution ContractorsTug Companies & BrokersCPSOShip AgentsPorts & HarboursMCA MO & MCO’sDiagram of contactsMRCCsEnvironment Protection AgenciesOil & Gas OperatorsDTIDNSAROSalvorsMCA Press
19 SOSREP SOSREP Powers to Intervene and issue Directions SOSREP has ultimate powers to intervene on behalf of Secretary of State for Transport in any salvage situation or situation where there is a threat of significant pollutionPowers to Intervene and issue DirectionsPowers to require ships to be moved or not to be moved from a specific area or locality within UK Waters.Powers to establish Temporary Exclusion Zone (TEZ)Origin of this role was from a Lord Donaldson recommendation after the SEA EMPRESS incident in Milford Haven in SOSREP Has effectively ultimate powers. Government must “back him or sack him”SOSREP will listen to advice from the environment group – but though one voice – Environmental Liaison Officer (ELO) – which must be concise and comprise key information only. Decision making may be fast moving – thereby no time for lengthy discussionsSOSREP may simply keep an eye on what owners are doing – but that implies tacit approval once he is made aware
20 Salvage Control Unit (SCU) Purpose of SCU is to support SOSREP by:Considering information on progress of salvageEvaluating all possible optionsInteracting with on board Salvage TeamProviding feedback with other units such as MRC, MEIR, Environment GroupFacilitating the mobilisation of resourcesPrime objective of all action is to minimise the risk of environmental pollutionSCU may not necessarily be located close to other cellsFor a complex major incident – could involve many people
21 SCUMembership:SOSREP, Independent SOSREP Salvage AdviserCPSO, Salvage Master, Harbour Master,Ship owner/insurer representative,EG Liaison Officer, Specialist Scientific Advisor, Health/Safety AdviserSCU is NOT a decision making body; decisions remain the responsibility of SOSREPAgain – the expertise required will be determined by nature of incidentNAPOLI was complex – required many streams of expertise
22 Marine Response Centre (MRC) Purpose of MRC is to:Assess and monitor the situation at seaInitiate and control dispersant-spraying operations on spilled oil at seaInitiate and control mechanical recovery options at sea.Led by MCA or the Port if incident is within port limitsEntirely separate to salvage opsRequires input from EGDispersant operations are overseen by MFA not EGMay exist for short time – until all oil dispersed or ashore
23 MRC Members: CPSO MCA Logistics Officer Harbour representative, if a harbour is involvedOfficer from relevant fisheries departmentLocal Authority Officer to liaise with the SRCEnvironmental Liaison OfficerMCA Public Relations OfficerFisheries control dispersant useMFA in England and WalesFRS in ScotlandNIEA in Northern IrelandImportant to consider the expertise required of the ELO – can be different to that required for shoreline
24 Shoreline Response Centre (SRC) Purpose of SRC is to co-ordinate and lead the on-shore responseDetermine the extent of the problemAgree a strategy and prioritiesInitiate responseObtain and allocate resourcesDetermine methods of waste disposalMonitor progressBrief elected members, Ministers, VIPs, mediaOnly ever three SRCs set up in UK – BRAER, ROSE BAY and SEA EMPRESS – each impacting only one local authorityTo be agreed by MCA – only set up if operations are beyond resources of local authorityCan be a huge operation with dozens of individual sitesWill need all manner of environmental guidance/adviceMust have links with other cells – SRC can inform when oil may come ashoreEstuarine protection can be major activity
25 SRCLocal Authority personnel will be mainly concerned with shoreline clean-upGNNRed CrossSt Johns AmbulanceOil CompanyHMCG / CPBPoliceEA / SEPANatural England / SNHDEFRA / SEERADMFA / FRSContractorsITOPFMyriad of organisations will be involved all with different responsibilitiesPrimary contractors would also be presentMost LAs don’t have direct workforce these days – but contractors on call-off
26 Where the Environment Group sits Secretary of StateChief ExecutiveMCADirector of OperationsMCASOSREPSCUSalvage operationsHMCGSearch and RescueMRCAt-sea response operationsMCASRCShoreline clean-upLA + MCAEnvironment GroupEnvironmental advice
27 Environment Group (EG) FunctionTo provide advice and guidance on environmental matters to SCU, MRC & SRCRole is purely advisoryEG has no formal powers (although members may have)MCA initiates then contacts:Statutory Nature Conservation BodyEnvironmental RegulatorFisheries Department
28 Environment Group CORE MEMBERSHIP Not just for the big incidents Environmental RegulatorStatutory Nature Conservation BodyFisheries DepartmentPublic Health OfficerNot just for the big incidentsDependant upon location, nature and scale of the incidentOther organisations may be invited to join EG at the discretion of the chair
29 Environment Group The core membership may choose to invite: Sea Fisheries CommitteeNational Park AuthoritiesLocal Health AuthorityHSEHealth Protection AgencyAnimal Welfare bodies - RSPCA, SSPCABird casualty record collation - RSPBNGOsLocal Wildlife TrustsLocal Animal Welfare TrustsAgain – depends on scale and nature of incident