Presentation on theme: "AN INTRODUCTION TO THE CONSTITUTION. Why is the Constitution so Important ??? Laws of the Land Blueprint for how the country functions Controls power."— Presentation transcript:
What’s in the Declaration? The colonists told Great Britain that they were a separate, independent nation. They complained about the king and his treatment of the colonists. Natural Rights – inalienable rights one is born with It DID NOT make laws for a new government. Instead, the Declaration created a framework for the kind of Gov’t the Founding Fathers wanted.
ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION, Were America’s 1st FORM OF GOVERNMENT 1781-1789
Problems with the Articles of Confederation It created an UNICAMERAL CONGRESS - (One lawmaking house) It did not include an EXECUTIVE OR JUDICIAL BRANCH. It gave NO POWER TO TAX OR REGULATE INTERSTATE TRADE. It created a DECENTRALIZED government and a WEAK UNION OF 13 SEPARATE STATES.
The Constitutional Convention May 25, 1787 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. George Washington presided over the Convention. Sept. 17, 1787- 39 delegates signed. –It was provided that the Constitution would go into effect as soon as 9 states ratified it. James Madison from Virginia won the name, “Father of the Constitution.” –Wrote much of it!!!
Ratification and Amending 1789 - States ratified the Constitution. New Government began functioning. 1791- American Bill of Rights was added –First 10 Amendments to the Constitution.
Characteristics of the Constitution 1. Three Branches of Government –Separation of Powers –Checks and Balances 2. Bicameral Legislative branch (House and Senate) 3. Power to tax and regulate interstate trade 4. Centralized power
REPUBLIC: State where power rests w/ citizens & vote –Power exercised by reps. WE vote for RULE OF LAW: Laws – NOT individuals govern society
FEDERALISTS vs. ANTI-FEDERALISTS 1.Strong Central (Federal) Gov’t 1.States’ Rights
FEDERALISTS vs. ANTI-FEDERALISTS 2. New Federal Constitution 2. Individual State Constitutions
FEDERALISTS vs. ANTI-FEDERALISTS 3. James Madison Alexander Hamilton George Washington 3. Thomas Jefferson Sam Adams Patrick Henry
FEDERALISTS vs. ANTI-FEDERALISTS 4. Younger4. Older
FEDERALISTS vs. ANTI-FEDERALISTS 5. Favored Cities, Urban Industry, Businessmen 5. Favored the common man, Farmers
FEDERALISTS vs. ANTI-FEDERALISTS 1.Strong Federal Gov’t 2.New Federal Constitution 3.James Madison Alexander Hamilton George Washington 4. Younger 5. Favor Businessmen, Cities, Industry 1.States’ Rights 2.Indiv. State Constitutions 3.Thomas Jefferson Sam Adams Patrick Henry 4. Older 5. Favor Common Man, Farming
(Please Write In) GREAT COMPROMISE = Bicameral Legislature Virginia (VA) Plan: Representation based on population (House) New Jersey (NJ) Plan: Rep. is equal (Senate) Native Americans not counted in pop. 3/5 Compromise: Slaves counted 3/5 a person