Presentation on theme: "Fire Safety, Department of Physics"— Presentation transcript:
1Fire Safety, Department of Physics Fire Safety Induction
2Fire Safety, Department of Physics OverviewWe will look atLegal requirementsUnderstanding fireFire hazards and risksFire prevention and controlFire extinguisher safetyFire procedures
3Legal RequirementsRegulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order requires that;Fire risks are identified and controlledA Fire Risk Assessment is completed and reviewed regularly or if work areas changeFindings are implemented, so far as is reasonably practicable
4Understanding Fire Fire is real In 2 ½ years from Jan 2007 – June fires occurred in the University of Bristol17 were small and contained2 were serious…
7Understanding Fire Fire needs 3 things to exist Fuel Oxygen Heat “The Fire Triangle”
8Fire Safety, Department of Physics Understanding FireFuelChemicals - acetone, ether, methanol, etcGases - hydrogen, natural gasPlastics - PCs, cable insulation, research equipmentPaper and cardboard - packagingWood - desks, benchesFabrics - chairs, blinds, clothingYou…
9Understanding Fire Oxygen A natural component of air @ 21% Enriched atmospheres, > 21% oxygenlabs, oxygen storageSituations where oxygen / air is more difficult to control:OutdoorsAutomatic ventilation systemsOpen doors or windows
10Fire Safety, Department of Physics Understanding FireHeat (Ignition Source)Heating appliancesResearch and computer equipmentOther electrical equipmentSmoking materialsContractor’s equipmentArson
11Understanding Fire Hazards and risks of fire Smoke & fumes Breathing difficulties, asphyxiation, poisoningHeat & flames - up to 1250°CBurnsBuilding debrisImpact injuries, burnsInjury while escaping fireTrips, falls, trampling
12Fire Prevention Be fire safety aware Control ignition sources Prevent any accumulation of fuelsOnly use electrical equipment that is PAT testedAbide by the University no smoking policy
13Fire Prevention Do not block fire exits, call points or extinguishers Do not wedge fire doors openEnsure good housekeepingMaintain effective securityReport any bad practice or risks immediately to your line manager
14Fire Prevention Fire alarm testing Is a legal requirement Alarm will sound for 15 seconds (add details of your departmental or building testing regime)No need to take action during a test, however if the alarm sounds for greater than 15 seconds, or at any other time than the arranged testing, you must treat as genuine alarm and immediately evacuate
15Fire Procedure - Finding a Fire If you discover a fireShout ‘FIRE’.Raise the alarm by breaking the glass on a RED fire alarm call point.Call Security on Security officers / the Security control will call 999 on your behalf but you can always call the Brigade directly if you know there is a fire.Do not return to your desk/work area to collect personal belongingsLeave the building by the nearest available fire escape route.Go to the assembly area and await instruction.
16Fire Extinguisher Types Fire Safety, Department of PhysicsFire Extinguisher TypesWater Paper, wood, etc. Not electrical, liquids or gasesFoam Solids & liquids Not electrical or gasesPowder Solids, liquids, gases & electricalCO2 Electrical, safe on most small fires
17Fire Procedure - Evacuation On hearing the alarmCall Security on to advise of the fire alarm – do not assume someone else has done it.Leave the building by the nearest available fire escape route.DO NOT delay your escape but if you can turn off equipment/close doors and windows as you leave then do so.Go to the assembly area and await instruction
18Fire Procedure - Evacuation Do not delay to collect belongingsDo not use the liftsIf smoke is present then keep low to the floor to add your escapeIf necessary check that internal doors are cool with the back of your hand before opening them
19Fire Procedure - Evacuation Electrically locked security doorsLock will auto release when the alarm activates, just push the door openBreak glass release button only if door does not unlockIf you break glass notify the Porters or the Buildings Manager for replacement
20Fire Procedure - Evacuation People with disabilitiesNeed to be assisted by volunteers or nominated personnel, detail will be available in their Personal Emergency Evacuation Plans (PEEP’s)For special events ensure that disabled persons have been taken into account and an evacuation plan is in place(Add details of Departmental Evacuation Plan)
21Fire Procedure - Evacuation On exiting the buildingReport to designated assembly point promptlyDon’t block any Emergency Services route to the buildingAdd diagram if possible of exit routes for department or form building
22Fire Procedure - Evacuation On exiting the buildingReport any missing colleagues to your Fire WardenReport any disabled persons left at Refuge PointsRemain at assembly point until advised otherwiseDo not wander off as it may be assumed that you are trapped in the building
23On Your Return to Your Workplace Today Ensure that you know;The escape routesFinal exit doors and how to open themLocation and types of fire fighting equipmentLocations of call pointsAny specific fire procedures including the assembly pointsWho your fire wardens areWho to report to with any defects or bad practices
24Examples of defects to report Covered smoke detectorsFire doors damaged or not closing properlyBroken/damaged lighting, especially emergency lightingMissing or damaged fire extinguishersService riser covers open.Accumulation of rubbish and clutter excessive paper in offices etc.Obstructed corridors.
25SummaryAs a member of staff at the University you have a responsibility for fire safety. Make sure you know:What the fire alarm sound like in your buildingThe Escape routes within your buildingIf you discover a fire, how to raise the alarmWhat to do if you hear the fire alarmWho to call if a fire startsHow to open final exit doorsWhy is it important to go to the assembly area?Why fire doors should remain closed at all times?Why are fire extinguishers provided?