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Space, place and households: The growing divide in an era of austerity Presentation to EASP/SPA Conference 2012 University of York, UK 16-18 July 2012.

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Presentation on theme: "Space, place and households: The growing divide in an era of austerity Presentation to EASP/SPA Conference 2012 University of York, UK 16-18 July 2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 Space, place and households: The growing divide in an era of austerity Presentation to EASP/SPA Conference 2012 University of York, UK July 2012 Research Team: Dr Patricia Kennett (PI), Professor Richard Meegan, Dr Gerwyn Jones and Dr Jacqui Croft ESRC Grant Number: RES

2 Key issues The differential implications of the economic downturn for cities and households and implications for social policy De- and re-spatialisation of inequality and social differentiation Social, ideological and moral shift Deepening of divisions?

3 Dual crisis UK cities as `agents of world city network formation (Taylor 2004) Economic revival, world connectivity and `engines of economic growth Dual dynamic of financial and urban crisis (Aalbers 2012) -Finance led accumulation regime - Urban restructuring, expansion and speculation Globalisation, cities and economic cycles

4 The research Highlight differential and uneven impact of economic crisis and austerity measures between cities and households Social survey of 1,000 households conducted by Ipsos-MORI in 2011 in Bristol and Liverpool across 10 household types Qualitative interviews with key stakeholders in Bristol and Liverpool

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6 Urban Contexts Bristol Research centre Archetypal post-industrial city Financial sector – banking, finance, insurance Affluence / persistent deprivation Population growth Highly skilled and well qualified Transport network and port Liverpool Long history of economic decline Population decline Concentration of deprivation Transformation pole – reinventing Capital of Culture 2008 Growth in financial services, call centres High level public sector employment

7 Liverpools renaissance The citys better off. [...] Or, at least, its – how shall I put it – its less desperately poor. The red bits on the map are starting to shrink. Its gobsmacking.[037] While another cited levels of economic growth: Well, its interesting for Liverpool because with economic growth in a city that has outstripped, um, both the UK and core cities average, recently Liverpools experienced, you know, Liverpools been going through this renaissance.[036]

8 Household groups: ACORN categories % of population CategoryGroupBristolLiverpool UK Wealthy Achievers Affluent Greys Flourishing Families Urban Prosperity Educated Urbanites Comfortably Off Starting Out Secure Families Prudent Pensioners Moderate Means Post-Industrial Families Blue Collar Roots Hard Pressed Struggling Families Burdened Singles

9 Perceived changes in household finances

10 Households ability to meet living costs

11 Unemployment year old age group (% unemployment rates)

12 Local Government Finance Settlements Authority Estimated Revenue Spending Power (including NHS support for social care) (£million) Change in revenue spending power (%) Estimated Revenue Spending Power (including NHS support for social care) (£million) Change in revenue spending power (%) Total Percentage Change 2011/12 & 2012/13 (%) Liverpool Knowsley Sefton Bristol North Somerset South Gloucestershire Source: DCLG

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14 Complexity and diversity [...] our sense was we had lots of professional people coming through, who you know had spent... whod been employed for a long time, and the idea of finding work and moving to a new job was completely you know anathema to them really, and they didnt know how to go about applying for jobs, and they were completely unprepared for the way the job market is now. (Bristol) I would say we really, really started noticing a change in the makeup of our client structure [...] about 3 years ago [...]. I noticed that we were no longer seeing just those people who are on a low level of income, who were on say a low level of employment income plus benefits, or just benefits alone – it was now people who had income from employment, who had a substantial asset as a property or a vehicle, who normally were sustaining their situation from their employment income, and maybe supplemented by some low level benefits, like child benefit for example. (Bristol)

15 Increasing numbers, different groups Its not so much an increase in the type of issues that come through, cos the issues have always been there and always will, its an increase in the numbers with those issues. And its the difference in the groups that are being affected as well, its people whove been in work all their lives, have got no knowledge of the benefit system... and its getting more and more complex. (Liverpool)

16 Respondents outlooks for the next 12 months

17 Final Remarks Tensions and contradictions of `financial/urban complex not been addressed Starker neo-liberal agenda impacting on cities and households in different ways Recalibration of risk and responsibility Economic and social vulnerability to uncertainties – resilience and resources


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