Presentation on theme: "Who Am I? What do I do? ASTROPHYSICS: That branch of astronomy which treats of the physical or chemical properties of the celestial bodies."— Presentation transcript:
Who Am I?
What do I do?
ASTROPHYSICS: That branch of astronomy which treats of the physical or chemical properties of the celestial bodies. Hence astrophysicist, a student of astronomical physics. ASTRONOMY: The science which treats of the constitution, relative positions, and motions of the heavenly bodies; that is, of all the bodies in the material universe outside of the earth, as well as of the earth itself in its relations to them.
Our Universe What it is like, how it started, how it evolved to its current state, and how it will end Today we will talk about:
First, lets look at some of the objects we might find if we explored our Universe
Where do we live?
Where is the Earth?
The Solar System
Q: What is a STAR?
Our Sun is a star!
Stellar Facts A star is a big ball of burning gas Our Sun is a very average star When we look out into the night sky, many of the stars we see are very similar to our own sun In fact some of these stars also have planets, just like our own Solar System
What is this?
What is it made of?
Galactic Facts Stars tend to group together to form galaxies Galaxies contain hundreds of thousands of stars At the centre of most galaxies is a massive black hole! Our sun is part of a galaxy
You are here!
Our Galaxy from the Earth
We live on the Earth The Earth is a planet in the Solar System, orbiting our star which we call the Sun The Sun is part of a galaxy When we look out into the sky at night, all of the stars we see are in our galaxy But our galaxy is just one of many…..
Galaxies: Hubble Space telescope image
Zoom out - galaxies form filaments and voids
It is hard to comprehend the size of the Universe! We will now all help make a scale model of the solar system to get an idea of the distances we are talking about
IN THE BEGINNING…….
ENERGY INCREASING, BECOMING LIKE A BOMB……. STARTS EXPANDING…..
Tick tick tick……
The Big Bang Not really an explosion Universe expanded rapidly as a whole (Universe is still expanding today as a result of the Big Bang) Matter was created in the form of tiny particles (protons, neutrons, electrons) Too hot for normal stuff to form (eg atoms, molecules)
PROTON NEUTRON ELECTRON COSMIC SOUP
Universe much cooler, atoms start to form….. Hydrogen, Helium, normal stuff 300,000 Years Later…..
Universe is now a GAS
Gravitational Collapse We started with a uniform gas Small regions became more dense The denser regions had larger gravity and started to pull other particles towards them The gaseous Universe began to look clumpy
Regions with more particles (higher density) become gas clouds Gas clouds become stars and galaxies Galaxies congregate together in filaments, groups and clusters
If we could view the Universe from outside, if would look like this:
But we are inside one of these galaxies, so all we see are the nearby stars. We can see other galaxies if we use a telescope
The Gemini Telescope
Future? The Universe is still expanding All galaxies are moving apart The explosion of the big bang is still happening! It may contine expanding forever Or is may stop expanding, and fall inwards in a big CRUNCH!
What have we learnt? The Universe started with a BIG BANG Gradually the particles were drawn together under GRAVITY to form STARS and GALAXIES Many stars have planets around them The fate of the Universe is uncertain…