Presentation on theme: "Metropolitan Police Child Abuse Investigation Command SAFEGUARDING CHILDREN & INNAPPROPRIATE CHASTISEMENT DS Vicky Washington DC Tina Pearce Partnership."— Presentation transcript:
1Metropolitan Police Child Abuse Investigation Command SAFEGUARDING CHILDREN & INNAPPROPRIATE CHASTISEMENT DS Vicky Washington DC Tina Pearce Partnership Team /38131
2WE AIM TO ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS When is chastisement inappropriate?What is child abuse?What is child protection?How does this affect me as a parent?How does this affect me as a faith leader / teacher?
3Parents want the best for their children and to protect them from harm. As children grow and develop, there are times when it is appropriate to discipline them.Consider ;How do I discipline my child(ren)?How do others discipline my child(ren)?How does it make my child feel?Consider the physical and psychological effects on your children. What are they learning from the way they are disciplined? Will they thrive or will they respond negatively?
4Lawful Chastisement - Section 58 Childrens Act 2004 IT IS ILLEGAL TO HIT A CHILD - a defence of “reasonable punishment” exists when charged with common assaultThere is no defence of reasonable punishment for acts of GBH, ABH and CRUELTYThere is a misunderstanding that it is legal to smack a child. Not designed to criminalise parents but to safeguard children by way of early intervention by police and social services. "Reasonable punishment" subjective term. What is reasonable to you may not be reasonable to someone else.
5Smacking or otherwise physically chastising a child is an assault “Any intentional or reckless act which causes a person to apprehend immediate unlawful force or personal violence”Common AssaultActual Bodily Harm (ABH)Grevious Bodily Harm (GBH)Smacking or otherwise physically chastising a child is an assaultThey are classified by the level of injury. Common assault can be a threat of violence.
6Criminal offences may be committed when there are injuries such as GrazesScratchesAbrasionsMinor bruisingSwelling / reddening of the skinSuperficial cutsThe use of implements (belts, slippers, canes, tree branches), strikes to the head / face, multiple strikes are NOT considered reasonableIf any injury caused amounts to more than reddening of the skin that is transitory, it is likely to be considered ABH or above. In cases where it is apparent the child has been hit with an implement, struck about the head or face or been struck repeatedly, there WILL be a police and social services investigation.
7Child CrueltyIf a person of 16 years who has responsibility for a child or young person under 16 WILFULLY;Assaults, ill-treats, neglects, abandons, exposes him/her, or causes or procures him/her to be assaulted, ill-treated, neglected, abandoned, or exposedIn a manner likely to cause him unnecessary suffering or injury to health, that person is guilty of a misdemeanourThe following will be presumed to have responsibility for a child or young person: (a) any person who:(i) has parental responsibility for him; or(ii) is otherwise legally liable to maintain him; and(b) any person who has care of him.If there are concerns that a child has been subjected to any of the above, it is likely that there will be a joint police and social services investigation
8What is child abuse and neglect? All ill treatment of childrenCausing harmFailing to prevent harmHarm = “ill treatment or the impairment of health and development”Health= physical or mental healthDevelopment= physical, intellectual, emotional, social or behavioural development
9There are four categories of abuse, which often overlap EmotionalPhysicalSexualNeglect
10EmotionalTelling a child they are worthless, unloved, inadequate, undervaluedMaking them feel excluded, ashamed, humiliatedTelling them you expect more of them than they able to do (given their age and ability)Causing a child to feel frightened or in danger (threats of violence towards them, or exposing them to violence between others - e.g. domestic violence)Exploitation / corruptionConsider how this will make the child feel. If they have negative feelings about themselves or the adults they should trust - will they thrive and succeed? Is their perception of themselves or fear of others causing them to behave in a negative way? Emotional suffering can have far reaching, long term effects
11Physical Hitting - (Strike, thump, slap, knock, beat, punch, smack) ShakingThrowingBitingBurning / scaldingDrowningSuffocatingPoisoningEven if there are no visible injuries, physical harm is likely to lead to emotional harm also
12SexualForcing or enticing a child or young person to take part in sexual activitiesInvolving a child in looking at sexual acts (penetrative and non penetrative)Encouraging a child to behave in sexually inappropriate waysSexual offences will be committed if a person in authority / position of trust engages in sexual acts with a person under the age of 18
13NeglectPersistent failure to meet a child’s basic and / or psychological needs, likely to result in the serious impairment of the child’s health and developmentFailure to provide adequate food, shelter or clothingFailure to protect from physical harm or dangerFailure to access medical care or treatmentFailure to meet child’s basic emotional needs
14WHAT IS CHILD PROTECTION? Thresholds of AssessmentCAF – Common Assessment FrameworkS17 – Child in Need (CIN)S47 – Local Authority Duty to Investigate (Significant Harm)Children act 1989The Children act 1989 to introduce the concept of significant harm in order to assess the need for compulsory intervention in family life in the best interest of children.14
15S17 Child In NeedGeneral duty for Local Authority (LA) to provide services appropriate to those children's needs:The child is unlikely to achieve or maintain, or to have the opportunity of achieving or maintaining a reasonable standard of health or development without the provision of services by a LAThe child’s health and development is likely to be significantly impaired or further impaired, without provisions of children's social careThe child is disabledThis outlines the general duty and inform the class how similar it is to the CAF process it self and how fine the line is between the common assessment framework and S17
16S47 Children Act 1989Is basically where significant harm or likelihood of significant harm is suspected and requires investigation either jointly or by single agencyThis is the legislative requirement for social services to intervene in family life when significant harm or likelihood of it is suspected. This does not always require a police investigation although these matters can be investigated jointly when there is an allegation of crime. Sometimes sig harm can actually be poor parenting or due to behaviour that can be changed through children social care intervention.
17What is Significant Harm: Severity of ill treatmentDuration and frequency of abuse and neglectPresence or degree of threat, coercion, sadism, bizarre or unusual elements.Sometimes a single traumatic event may constitute significant harmCompilation of events, both acute and long standing, significantly impacting on their physical and psychological development.
18Children have a right to be protected from harm Parents have a right to expect that organisations to which they entrust their children are diligentAwareness of health and safety issuesSome professionals might lack knowledge training and experienceStatutory authorities should engage community and faith organisations to ensure that all children are protected from harmIn making sure that all their activities are carried out in a safe and secure environment.Most Madressahs have supported this work and many have implemented health and safety policies/ attended child protection training . However there are challenges ahead with language barriersand recent arrivals to the UK who are unfamiliar with the law and practice associated with safeguarding children. For example, these include physical punishment as the "price" of religious and cultural educationIt is therefore necessary to address complaints of poor or illegal practice with organisations even if no criminal enquiry or prosecution.The setting up of madressahs and supplementary schools is a huge investment by the relevant communities and a sign of their determination to complement their child's education
19REPORT CONCERNS TO POLICE OR SOCIAL SERVICES What to do if you suspect your child is being mistreated outside of the homeREPORT CONCERNS TO POLICE OR SOCIAL SERVICESIt may be tempting to speak directly to the person you have concerns about or to the organisation so it can be dealt with internally. Consider – are there other children at risk that need to be protected.
20Safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children and young people is everybody's responsibility.The focus should be on the needs of the child.The governments's Every child Matters programme is intended to make significant positive changes for children. The programme has identified 5 outcomes for all children;Stay safeBe healthyEnjoy and achieveMake a positive contributionAchieve economic well-beingThe government has introduced legislation and guidance that requires all agencies and professionals working with children to make sure their working practices improve these outcomes. The children Act 1989 is the law which directs what local authorities must do, it' guiding principle is that the welfare of the child is paramount and must always come first.
21Faith communities should ensure that all staff and volunteers who have regular contact with children:-Have been checked for suitability in working with children and understand the extent and limits of the volunteer role;Should have a named safeguarding officer who will have the knowledge and skills to support other staff and work closely with statutory agencies.The Children act 2004 creates a duty for the key agencies who work with children to put in place arrangements to make sure that they take into account of need to promote the welfare of children.
22Have access to training opportunities to promote their knowledge; Know how to report any concerns about possible abuse or neglect; procedures in place.Are aware of the possibility of child abuse and neglect;Are vigilant about their own actions so they cannot be misinterpreted.Procedures are in place about responding to any allegations against staff and volunteers, for staff and volunteers explaining clearly how to respond to concerns for childrene. and procedures for the safe recruitment and selection procedures are in place for all staff and volunteers.Para
23Organisational Responsibility The London Safeguarding Children Board has produced a document entitled"Competence Still Matters: Safeguarding training for all employees and volunteers"This is a guide to the responsibilities of all organisations and identifies the training requirements for each group;subgroup
24Access Training in Tower Hamlets For free advice and training for voluntary and community organisation in Tower Hamlets contact;CobitaTelephone
25What to do if you suspect that a child is at risk Clarify what exactly the child is sayingDo not give undertakings of confidentialityBe aware that recordings of incident might be used in court proceedingsYou must contact children's social care or the police directly if you think the child is at risk of immediate harmIt is not the responsibility of staff to investigate suspected abuse, do not conduct an interview. As there is a risk that by asking leading questions this could undermine any criminal investigation. listen and don't interrupt.Make a detailed note to pass onto the named safeguarding children officerRecord time, place and people present as well as what was said.The staff and volunteers must not talk about any allegations with any other people, the child and family have a right to confidentiality, with information being shared with people who need to know.The child may be frightened about what will happen but it must be explained that you cannot keep what they say a secret. People can only help if they know what is happening.
26Faith organisations can seek advice on child protection issues from the Churches’ Child Protection Advisory Service (CCPAS).Para