Presentation on theme: "Impacts of the Preventative and Recovery Programmes Final evaluation of PEP (2008-11) & interim evaluation of Recovery London Councils, 2 nd February 2012."— Presentation transcript:
Impacts of the Preventative and Recovery Programmes Final evaluation of PEP ( ) & interim evaluation of Recovery London Councils, 2 nd February 2012 Dr Caroline Paskell Barnardos Policy, Research and Media Unit
Todays presentation Child Sexual Exploitation - definitions & guidance Barnardos work on child sexual exploitation Preventative Education Programme –Delivery –Outcomes Recovery Programme –Delivery –Outcomes Priorities for preventative and support programmes
Child Sexual Exploitation PEP used Bs original definition of child sexual exploitation (Palmer, 2001) any involvement of a child or young person below 18 in sexual activity for which a remuneration of cash or in kind is given to the child or young person, or a third party or person. The perpetrator will have power over the young person by virtue of one or more of the following: age, emotional maturity, gender, physical strength and intellect Government guidance emphasises the importance of awareness- raising: Safeguarding from Sexual Exploitation (2009) & National Action Plan (2011) It is important that all young people develop the knowledge and skills they need … to avoid situations that put them at risk of sexual exploitation and know who to turn to if they need advice and support. NAP, p.11
Barnardos work Barnardos has been addressing sexual exploitation since 1994 when: First project began in Yorkshire - now 21 services in 4 Nations First report: CSE in the context of children's rights and child protection The Four As – Access, Attention, Assertive Outreach, Advocacy Research and evaluation Ongoing work to understand the problem and to improve responses Materials for awareness-raising and guidance on protection from CSE Evaluating services and efforts to raise awareness of sexual exploitation Policy Influenced government recognition of victims of abuse not criminals Informed statutory guidance, legislation and local practice Cut Them Free campaign success: Minister and National Action Plan
PEP operation Developed from a pilot programme delivered in 3 boroughs ( ) and based on Barnardos B-Wise-2 Sexual Exploitation resource Delivered to 5,543 people in 25 boroughs by Barnardos YWP Year 1 Camden, City of London, Croydon, Hackney, Hounslow, Islington, Kensington & Chelsea, Kingston, Richmond -upon- Thames Year 2 Barking and Dagenham, Barking, Enfield, Haringey, Havering, Lambeth, Southwark and Waltham Forest Year 3 Brent, Ealing, Harrow, Hillingdon, Newham, Redbridge, Tower Hamlets and Westminster Young people: schools, short-stay schools and residential units = 4,723 Frontline staff: days training for multi-disciplinary professionals = 460 Strategic staff: presentations to boroughs LSCBs = 360
PEP evaluation Evaluation was a condition of the London Councils funding and assessed four core outcomes: 1.Professionals are better able to identify children at risk of, or experiencing, sexual bullying and exploitation by adults and peers. 2.Young people have increased knowledge about sexual exploitation and greater ability to resist and report it and to seek protection. 3.Young people and professionals better understand how to protect and support those at risk or experiencing sexual exploitation, and have increased knowledge of services available to improve health. 4.Equality for disadvantaged groups has been promoted through the delivery, marketing, evaluation and management of the service. Questionnaires assessed impacts and interviews/focus groups assessed recall and opinion. Reports to London Councils every 6 months.
Outcome 1: Improving professionals ability to identify at- risk children 96% said they gained additional knowledge (36% said a great deal) 53% gave a better definition of child sexual exploitation 58% identified a greater number of risk factors Frontline and strategic professionals had already used the learning: –identifying young people who may be at risk –using tools to talk about risks with young people or parents –sharing learning with colleagues –seeking to improve joint-working I think it signalled the start of a broader approach to sexual exploitation in [borough] as a whole. The bringing together of a working group was really important. We started to consider related issues of sexual bullying, for example. Its led to the pulling together of different strands of activity LSCB
Outcome 2: Improving childrens knowledge of SE and resistance to it 88% correctly identified the four stages of the grooming process and recall in the focus groups was excellent 50% had a better understanding of risk factors (from a very low base, 82% could not identify any relevant risk factors before PEP) 48% had improved understanding of exploitations negative impacts, especially physical and emotional harm, less for relationships A minority retained idea that young person is to blame in some way - clothing, attitude, choices - but majority challenged this view Indications that understandings of exploitation remained: –Gendered– Culturally-bounded – Normalised It was very useful to learn how people use grooming so it will make us more vigilant. Also the fact that they told us a real story shows us that these things do happen It showed the harsh reality of sexual exploitation
Outcome 3: Improving knowledge of safety strategies & support services Professionals 53% identified more support services despite already high awareness (72% identified two or more services before the PEP delivery) 67% gained a better knowledge of protective policies and legislation recently at a Core Group Meeting … it became very apparent to me that she was being sexually exploited … partly due to the PEP training course Young people 50% identified more ways to keep safe 62% listed more appropriate support services for victims (clear shiftfrom informal support of friends or family to formal services) Health services widely mentioned, but not mental health support I feel that pupils are definitely more aware of the services they can access Yes, they are definitely more aware of support services related to this now
Recovery operation Developed from PEP – for at-risk young people identified after sessions Funded by Metropolitan Police Service – for all boroughs To protect from further exploitation, to improve sexual, emotional and mental health and to encourage personal and social development Provides 6-month intensive support to a minimum of 6 people/borough –one-to-one sessions with Recovery Project workers –one-to-one sessions with a sexual health nurse –group work sessions (if appropriate) Delivered to 115 young people in 24 boroughs by Barnardos YWP
Recovery evaluation Evaluation was a condition of the London Councils funding and assessed four core outcomes: 1.Children and young people who have been sexually exploited have improved sexual, mental and emotional health and are better placed to achieve personal and social development. 2.Young people have increased knowledge about sexual exploitation and greater ability to resist and report it and to seek protection. 3.Families are better able to cope with their situation and support child/children involved in a sexually exploitative situation. 4.Equality for disadvantaged groups has been promoted through the delivery, marketing, evaluation and management of the service. Monitoring data assesses impacts and interviews assess experience and opinion. Reports to MPS via London Councils every 6 months.
Outcome 1: YPs sexual, mental and emotional health and development 51% accessed health services at YWP or locally 42% reduced sexual health risks 44% reduced risk of going missing –50% self-evaluations said Recovery influenced positive change –4% increased risk52% no change (most at low risk) 28% reduced risk of substance abuse –50% self-evaluations said Recovery influenced positive change –12% increased risk60% no change (many at low risk) Personal development supported by greater stability and mentoring I soon found the work we did together extremely helpful to my happiness, confidence and well being … I know there is still a lot of work to do but already I feel happier, safer, more stable within myself and most importantly supported thanks to Barnardos.
Outcome 2: Improving childrens knowledge of SE and resistance to it 86% actively engaged with the service 67% made a disclosure about sexual exploitation 80% improved ability to identify safety strategies 70% reduced risk of sexual exploitation 66% reduced overall risk on factors associated with CSE Participants, stakeholders and carers said RP had a positive impact on YPs knowledge and confidence to resist unwanted sexual advances at least I know I have more of a boundary and understanding of the law. Its helped me quite a lot. Theyve got the knowledge, they know there are alternatives, they know there are other things so they can make choices and get help to do that I think [it] has allowed her time to reflect on behaviour. … She insists its not done anything for her but she does take what the service says on board
Outcome 3: Families are better able to cope & support the young people Meeting targets to support families - but not always with direct work as tension between relationships with young person and parent/carer Staff may discuss young persons needs or direct parents to support We would talk about her sons safety and talk about appropriate ways of contacting social services and what they could do and what they couldnt do, and kind of sharing that information as well as about the safety of their son When I rang her mum to arrange the visit, she poured all this stuff right out: I dont know what to do, I think shes run away. So I supported her around contacting the police [and] gave her contact details for CROP. To protect my relationship with the young person, I need to limit my relationship with the family, but she needed something that wasnt being offered to her Indications that intervention supports relationships within families – both from YP and parents perspectives – but more research in Yrs3/4
SUCCESSES Active engagement with the issue Indication of protection Learning has been shared Identification of victims Interim support catalyses strategy
CHALLENGES Problematic view of relationships Sense that it happens to others Supporting subsequent discussion Tailoring sessions to audience Ongoing strategy and support
PRIORITIES Target young people & professionals Challenge assumptions about CSE Tailor sessions to audience Support ongoing discussion & work Foster appropriate response to CSE
Thank you. Dr Caroline Paskell Policy, Research and Media Unit