Presentation on theme: "Sources for Lesson 2: How was the Slave Trade Carried Out? All of these are from the same document – The Journal of a British Slaving ship commanded by."— Presentation transcript:
Sources for Lesson 2: How was the Slave Trade Carried Out? All of these are from the same document – The Journal of a British Slaving ship commanded by Peter Blake, working between the Coast of Africa from May to August 1675 I made my way ? log with leeway allowed W 43 ? Distance 59 Myles ye Sun neare ye Zenith so that I could have no observation wind this 24 hours from ye S. to ye ESE & from ye NNW to ye ENE with much thunder & lightning & raine this day I put all my slaves out of Irons from noon ye 16 th to noon ye (today) this day have had severall cannoes aboard to whom I sold severall goods for gold & slaves this 24 hours & I have had ye winde from the WNW to ye WSW littell winde This morning I heiled my ship to porte & made my starboard bulge as loe as I could work & then righted her againe this day I had severall Cannoes aboard of which I tooke but littell gold & bought 3 slaves this 24 houres I have had ye wind (Various directions) a moderate brease
May 1676dayAtt Anchor in Kerlye Bay Tuesday23this day Mr Gascoyne came on board & ordered mee to prepare the slaves for sayle on thursday this day arrived here a fly boat from Learpoole being beatched(?) off the coast of Virginia these 24 houres the wind Att E & E by N a ffresh Gale Wednesda y 24this day Mr Gascoyne came on boord & delivered me my commission Negroes Alsoe this day ? Slaves being shaved I gave them fresh water to Wash & palme oyle & Tobacco and Pipes Wind these 24 houres from ESE to ENE a moderate Gale Thursday Made saile of ? Slaves Severall Arrived Capt. Parkstone Sayled Brother Seaman th 25 this day about 8 of the Clock Mr Steel and Mr Gascoyne came on board to sell ? Slaves & att 10 of the Clock Capt. Leaman in the providente from Old Callibar came to Anchor in the Road & this Afternoon the hart of Bristoll from the Cape Diward (?)came to Anchor here Also this day the Annirita (?) Capt. Roger Parkstone Sett Saile out of this Road bound for London this day wee sould 163 slaves These 24 houres I have had the wind Att E & att E & by N. Fryday Edw. Worshipp Deserted the Shipp. Th 26 This morning about 9 of the Clock Mr Steel & Mr Gascoyne came aboord to sell ? Slaves this day the Dover dogger Sett Sayle for Spikses Also this day wee sould 70 Slaves This 24 hours I had ye Wind att ESE & att E a ffresh Gaile.
Tuesday Capt. Rec kord th 30 This day I went on boord with a Planter to sell him some of our(?) refuse slaves but hee did not Like them & ? went on shoar and Gave Mr Steed an Acct. of this Morning Capt. Record in the John and Alexander from Old Callabar Came to Anchor in this Road The Wind these 24 houres from ye ENE to the ESE moderate Gaile Wednesd ay st 31 this Afternoon Mr Man & myself came on boord & Sould 5 of ye refuse slaves this day Mr Simons Commander of a Small Pinck arrived here from London these 24 houres I have had the Wind att E & att ESE a moderate Gaile
Day book of trade in the sloop Africa showing goods bartered for slaves as well as payments to local people including the linguist, and payment made for refreshments for the slaves. Date: January-February 1753. Not transcribed – have a go at reading it for yourself
Advice on Using the Source Extracts As you will see, the source extracts contain a lot of information about the mechanics of the slave trade. We can see slave ship captains recording their daily routines. Notice the following interesting details: How they purchased very few slaves at a time. They, therefore, had to stay off the coast of West Africa for many weeks before their ships were full. How canoes were important for transporting the slaves out to the slave ships The use of local agents The mention of irons The lists of goods which were exchanged for slaves Other services which were paid for with goods eg. A local linguist and a butler The mention of Commission Slaves (the captains reward for the doing the job) The mention of Refuse Slaves – what do students think they were? Also notice some of the issues which are not described in depth, but are implied eg: The unique combination of nautical and business skills exercised by the captains The implied hard-heartedness and cruelty of the captains and crew? The possible sufferings of the crew in view of the mention of a sailor who had deserted the ship The above sources are extracts from complete documents which are also available. The above have been put together for purposes of differentiation: if teachers feel that classes will not be able to cope with large untranscribed documents, they can use these shorter extracts instead.