Presentation on theme: "1 Business and Management in Emerging Economies Directed Revision Week 10 (B)"— Presentation transcript:
1 Business and Management in Emerging Economies Directed Revision Week 10 (B)
2 Successful transitions Countries which have just joined the European Union Particularly successful: Hungary
3 Successful transitions What were their paths of transition? Privatization methods Development of western business practices Active seeking of FDI & conditions for it to flow Equity or Bank (debt) financing
4 Key to transition – FDI? How can FDI help a country What things are needed to attract FDI Why does FDI flow more to some and not others? Natural Resources What if no decent resources Market for products Competitive advantage Political/economic/legal systems Tax advantages
5 Key to transition – FDI Methods by which MNEs enter a transition country Joint Venture Greenfield Brownfield/Acquisition Stable business environment
6 Underperforming Transition State - Belarus What are the effects of slow/minimal/gradualist progress to transition? Lack of privatization Monolithic underperforming SOEs Lack of fair resource allocation Cronyism etc Reliance on Russia Alleged key role in energy transit
7 Underperforming Transition State - Belarus Where are the development opportunities? Small business sector Informal economy What are the effects of the development of these sectors?
8 Key resource in transition – Labour How do workforces react to change from lifetime employment to… Mobile labour market required by capitalist society? How can this process be managed? What are the general characteristics of labour force in planned economy? How do you get them to operate in western manner? What motivates? What are the positive and the negative points? How does Western style HRM practices fit with a former socialist workforce?
9 Privatisation – is this the key to transition? What does it involve? Mainly transferring SOEs to private ownership? Does this improve the SOE? What is wrong with it anyway? Can an enterprise remain state-owned and still compete? Are there some countries or sectors where privatization does not improve performance?
10 Marketing & Trade Deciding what to sell & to whom Methods of advertising Effective media – is marketing universal or should it be? Does product mix influence entry method? How do companies assess their position Does product type affect strategy – does corporate strategy affect marketing strategy?