Maths, magic and mystery Chris Budd. Who likes magic? We like magic because Its mysterious Its dramatic It has an element of surprise It has glamour and.

Presentation on theme: "Maths, magic and mystery Chris Budd. Who likes magic? We like magic because Its mysterious Its dramatic It has an element of surprise It has glamour and."— Presentation transcript:

Maths, magic and mystery Chris Budd

Who likes magic? We like magic because Its mysterious Its dramatic It has an element of surprise It has glamour and excitement! This seems a bit different from a logical and rational subject like maths!

Maths is a highly creative subject full of mystery and surprises But an even more mysterious fact is … Most people dont realise this!

Maths is the study of abstract objects and the patterns that link them together Links are called theorems They are often deeply amazing, mysterious,beautiful and very, very useful!

Some amazing theorems a b c Pythagoras Gregory Euler

Unfortunately, not everyone appreciates their mystery and beauty But … most people like magic, art and storytelling! Some people are even scared of maths!

By linking maths to magic, art and storytelling we can unlock some of its mysteries Theorems can lead to some great magic tricks!!!

Some Mathematical Magic Tricks Clocks Cards Mind reading

A bit of mind reading 1 9 9 4 2 18 9 4 3 27 9 4 4 36 9 4 5 45 9 4 6 54 9 4 7 63 9 4 8 72 9 4 9 81 9 4

The Clock Trick

Mystery number is x Total number of taps is 21 – x After 8 random taps we have 13 – x Number we get to from the top is 13 – (13 – x) Rearrange 13 – (13 – x) = x Theorem: y – (y – x) = x

10 1 9 11 2 9 12 3 9 13 4 9 14 5 9 15 6 9 16 7 9 17 8 9 18 9 9 19 10 9 Wheres the Joker?

The Cards who Know Their Names 3 8 7 A Q 6 4 2 J K 10 9 5

K AACETWO 2THREE 3A2FOUR4FIVE5 3 3 A A 4 4 2 2 5 5 SIX6 687QJ10 9

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Row is given by round up (x/3) New position by f(x) = 7 + round up (x/3) 21 Card Trick

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 10 11 12 11

Some mind reading Take a 4 digit number x eg. 7563 Scramble the digits to give y eg. 3567 Subtract y from x (or vice versa) 3996 Cross out a non-zero digits and tell me the others eg. 396

Digital root of a number = sum of digits x and y have the same digital root Theorem The difference z between two numbers with the same digital root, has a digital root which is always a multiple of 9 Theorem The difference z between two numbers with the same digital root, has a digital root which is always a multiple of 9

Maths in Celtic and African Art Celtic African

How to draw simple Celtic Knots Start with a grid (5, 4) grid

(5,6)

(4,8)

(2,2) 2 (3,2) 1 (5,3) 1 (4,4) 4 How many pieces of string are needed?

Simple Celtic Knots are very similar to plaited mat sona drawings Sona … African sand patterns (3,4) (2,4)

We can also produce more advanced African sona … Chased Chicken designLions Stomach design

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