Presentation on theme: "Qualitative Social Research Methods Using Interviews in Research. Leah Wild."— Presentation transcript:
Qualitative Social Research Methods Using Interviews in Research. Leah Wild.
Overview Field Research and InterviewingField Research and Interviewing Ethical Considerations.Ethical Considerations. Risk in the fieldRisk in the field Reflexive approaches to researchReflexive approaches to research Lying the groundwork for interviews.Lying the groundwork for interviews. What Kind of Interviews?What Kind of Interviews? Practical Matters.Practical Matters. Preparing for interviewsPreparing for interviews Conducting the interviewConducting the interview After the interview.After the interview. The use of focus groups, group interviews, Participant Observation and documentary resources.The use of focus groups, group interviews, Participant Observation and documentary resources.
Field Research and Interviewing Why conduct field research?Why conduct field research? What is ethnography?What is ethnography? The ethnographic self.The ethnographic self. The use of Interviews.The use of Interviews. Different kinds of Interviews.Different kinds of Interviews. Participant observation.Participant observation. Questions to ask yourself before conducting qualitative research.Questions to ask yourself before conducting qualitative research.
Ethical considerations The safety of researcher and respondent.The safety of researcher and respondent. Anonymity and confidentialityAnonymity and confidentiality Informed consentInformed consent Participant observation and ethics.Participant observation and ethics. Research ethics and the law.Research ethics and the law. The uses of your research.The uses of your research. Researching sensitive topics.Researching sensitive topics. Vulnerability and powerVulnerability and power The constraints of ethical considerations.The constraints of ethical considerations.
Risk in the Field Considering your own safety.Considering your own safety. The safety of respondents.The safety of respondents. Clothing and appearance.Clothing and appearance. Interviewing alone.Interviewing alone. How to deal with aggression or hostility during the interview.How to deal with aggression or hostility during the interview. What to do when things go wrong.What to do when things go wrong.
Reflexive Approaches to Research Considering other peoples values/ cultural practices.Considering other peoples values/ cultural practices. How do my own values/ history/ cultural practices impact on my interpretations?How do my own values/ history/ cultural practices impact on my interpretations? Giving meaning to social interaction.Giving meaning to social interaction. Critically evaluating your own motivations.Critically evaluating your own motivations. Asking the why, how and what questions.Asking the why, how and what questions. Challenging your own ideas and assumptions.Challenging your own ideas and assumptions. Research as a learning experienceResearch as a learning experience Objectivity, neutrality and bias.Objectivity, neutrality and bias.
Laying the Groundwork for Interviews Why am I using interviews?Why am I using interviews? What can interview data contribute to existing knowledge?What can interview data contribute to existing knowledge? What has already been done?What has already been done? What resources can I utilise?What resources can I utilise? Using fieldwork diaries.Using fieldwork diaries. Involving your respondents.Involving your respondents. Pilot interviews.Pilot interviews.
What Kind of Interviews? Structured interviews.Structured interviews. Semi structured interviews.Semi structured interviews. Unstructured interviews.Unstructured interviews. The use of vignettes.The use of vignettes. Group interviews.Group interviews. Thinking about the interview setting.Thinking about the interview setting.
Preparing for Interviews Creating a topic guideCreating a topic guide –Use objectives and literature review to help design it A memory aidA memory aid –Objective of study –General and specific areas of research ButBut –Cannot interview from topic guide alone –Need to be flexible in terms of order and content
Conducting the interview Starting the interviewStarting the interview –Physical conditions, clothing! –Seating arrangements –Initial introduction, confidentiality –Tape recording The topic guideThe topic guide Closing the interviewClosing the interview –End on a positive note –Thank and affirm confidentiality –Remind how information will be used
Conducting the Interview 2. The silent probeThe silent probe The go on, Im listening probeThe go on, Im listening probe Journalists probes: When? Who? Where?Journalists probes: When? Who? Where? The immediate elaboration probeThe immediate elaboration probe –Can you tell me more about that? The retrospective probeThe retrospective probe –Can I take you back to something you said earlier?
After the Interview Check materialCheck material TranscriptionTranscription Write up ASAP.Write up ASAP. Things to include in writing upThings to include in writing up -body language/ atmosphere/ tone and context. Recording personal experiences.Recording personal experiences. Have I forgotten anything?Have I forgotten anything? Letters of thanks.Letters of thanks.
Using Other Methods. Participant observation.Participant observation. Focus groups.Focus groups. Video interviews.Video interviews. Using documentary resources.Using documentary resources.
Final Words. What if you dont get the information you wanted?What if you dont get the information you wanted? The changing direction of research.The changing direction of research. The best laid plans…!The best laid plans…! Rescuing your research when things go wrong.Rescuing your research when things go wrong.