Presentation on theme: "Reversing the telescope:"— Presentation transcript:
1 Reversing the telescope: Evaluating NGO Peer-Regulation InitiativesDr Angela CrackUniversity of Portsmouth
2 Research DesignTo what extent have peer-regulation initiatives been effective in enhancing the accountability of leading humanitarian and development INGOs? Sample: Senior staff members from leading humanitarian and development INGOs, with responsibility for the accountability policies of their organisation.
3 Humanitarian Accountability Partnership (HAP) Name of InitiativeTypeFocusNumber of MembersCompliance MeasuresSphere Project: Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster ResponseCode of Conduct/EthicsHumanitarian relief(water supply and sanitation, nutrition, food aid, shelter and health services)Thousands of individuals from over 400 organisations representing 80 countries have taken part in various aspects of the Sphere Project.Commitment onlyHumanitarian Accountability Partnership (HAP)Standard in Humanitarian Accountability and Quality ManagementCertification scheme56 member agencies from more than 20 countriesRecertification required every 3 years subject to a compliance verification audit and mid-term monitoring; Standard Complaints Committee of the HAP Board; members subject to removal.
4 Benefits of Peer-Regulation Catalyst for change.Signal of credibility.
5 Limitations of Peer-Regulation Regulatory burden.Ambiguity regarding practical application of the standards.Challenge of organisational diversity amongst member NGOs.Need to embed a ‘culture of accountability’.
6 Policy Recommendations Creative thinking is needed about the way that accountability can be practiced and documented, other than through paper documentation.Need for wider consultation in revisions of the initiatives.HAP should be interpreted and applied in a more flexible way, to accommodate organisational diversity.Promote attitudinal shift towards accountability.