Presentation on theme: "Redefining development: Voluntary simplicity and hope social movement Séverine Deneulin and Ana Dinerstein Centre for Development Studies University of."— Presentation transcript:
Redefining development: Voluntary simplicity and hope social movement Séverine Deneulin and Ana Dinerstein Centre for Development Studies University of Bath
The problem Poverty reduction, economic growth and environmental sustainability. Capability approach as comparative evaluative framework but does not question economic model or provide an alternative. Need to engage with forms of social and political mobilization that challenge dominant values and practices, and provide something new.
The argument New forms of social movements have emerged which are unique: they contest power by trying to live another reality, create another world They embrace the principle of hope They are creating another way of living These mvts are not offering alternative forms of development but alternatives to development We propose to name these new forms of social mvts hope movements.
Social movements and development Old and new social mvts: class/redistribution and identity/recognition. Social mvts are not mere ways of reducing poverty: they question how society should be organized (limits of focus on evaluation). New forms of social movements have emerged which are unique: they contest power by trying to live a world not-yet-become We analyze two such movements: Zapatista and Live Simply
Live Simply Loose gathering of people who strive to live simpler and more sustainable lives as a protest against consumerism and materialism and its negative effects. Justice and human fulfilment dimensions Intentional communities. New new social mvt: not redistribution, not recognition but to live something new. + new relationship to development
The principle of hope and not-yet-become (Bloch) The present contains already a future that has not-yet-become. Hope as anticipatory consciousness of the not- yet-become The day-dreaming consciously anticipates the future, imagining another world that is more just (even if one doesnt grasp fully what this just world is all about). Eschatological vision, a beyond that has not- yet-become, which bears on this history alone.
The principle of hope (Christianity) Hope rests on the tension between what is already known and not yet experienced, but unlike Blochs hope principle, it is not utopian. This world beyond has already been inaugurated. Hope is not about daydreaming but about fulfilling a reality already present. It is about showing what the world will be, but never in ones life. Hope is different from aspiration or expectation.
Live Simply as hope movement Eschatological vision of a world more conducive to human dignity (opposition to consumerism and exploitation) Utopian impulse: Not a strategy of opposition but construction; embrace of a world not-yet-become Not an alternative development (e.g. sustainable development) but alternative to development: question the idea of the good life in development Autonomous praxis: changing the world without taking state power as the state is part of those dominant values that they intend to contest and alter. Autonomous space to live alternatives. Beyond the policyspace