Presentation on theme: "Signature (unit, name, etc.) A Global Greencard? Putting Migration Back into Development Malcolm Langford, Director, Socio-Economic Rights Programme Norwegian."— Presentation transcript:
Signature (unit, name, etc.) A Global Greencard? Putting Migration Back into Development Malcolm Langford, Director, Socio-Economic Rights Programme Norwegian Centre for Human Rights
Arguments For Open Borders Locational luck as basis for life? Migration as a right – (Rawls and Nozick) Migration as a duty – (Rawls, Pogge and Sen) Economic gains* Historical justice * Particularly to LICs for sending low-skilled/educated citizens.
Signature (unit, name, etc.) Arguments for Closed Borders Sovereignty? Other Rights at Stake– E.g. Self-Determination Compatriotism – Special Obligations Communitarianism – Protection of Ethno-National Culture or Cultural Rate of Change Utilitarian – Closed Borders better for Achieving Democracy and Public Order - Little impact on poverty and brain drain problem Social Welfare – Avoids Social Dumping Reflective Equilibrium – Faily open borders
Signature (unit, name, etc.) Reflective Equilibrium? Fairly open borders Open borders for some individuals not others Open borders for some countries not others Open borders at some times but not others
Signature (unit, name, etc.) A Proposal 2015: Include a goal/target of promoting free movement of labour Target could be 10, 20 or 30 per cent of persons living in income poverty being granted greencards between 2015 and 2030. Target would cover all middle-to-higher and higher- income countries – with some graduatrion for GDP PPP Greencards would give permanent residency rights and path to citizenship except if serious crimes committed.
Signature (unit, name, etc.) Implementation Implementation could follow the model of the US Diversity Visa (one of the Greencards) Target would be monitored by World Bank, ILO and IMO. IMO could provide international coordination for scheme as is done with UNHCHR refugeess Countries could possibly buy out their migation quota in a similar was as carbon emissions.
Signature (unit, name, etc.) Open your borders or open your wallets! Veit Bader, Ethics of Immigration (2005) Citizenship in Western liberal democracies isthe modern equivalent of feudal privilege – an inherited status that greatly enhance ones life chances. Jospeh Carens, Aliens and Citizens (1987)