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Putting Promises into Practice Paris, Accra and the New Aid Architecture in Uganda Paul Hoebink & Rik Habraken Centre for International Development Issues.

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Presentation on theme: "Putting Promises into Practice Paris, Accra and the New Aid Architecture in Uganda Paul Hoebink & Rik Habraken Centre for International Development Issues."— Presentation transcript:

1 Putting Promises into Practice Paris, Accra and the New Aid Architecture in Uganda Paul Hoebink & Rik Habraken Centre for International Development Issues Nijmegen (CIDIN)

2 Putting Promises into Practice Putting promises into practice Many studies and evaluations on the implementation of the Paris Agenda Generic studies Donor selectivity Economic outcomes recipient countries Consistency of donor strategies Etc. In depth case study: Uganda Perceptions of bilateral donor agency- and GoU staff involved in NAA Two sets of interviews (2010 & 2011) Putting Promises into Practice

3 Uganda Why is Uganda Interesting? Neo-liberal policy reforms in 1992 Economic growth and recovery; an African star performer Aid system already in place: PRSP, SWAp, and GBS Proliferation of development partners 42 official donors Aid highly skewed: 3 donors provide 48% percent of total net ODA $1.6 billion USD total net ODA annually Strategic partner in Somalia, Congo DR, and Sudan First real test-case for the Paris agenda (experimenting ground) Putting Promises into Practice

4 Multilaterals in Uganda Multilateral donors in Uganda (in million USD) Putting Promises into Practice Multilateral Donors Total % of total multilateral 1.World Bank (IDA)297,5269,7374,1180,4395,11,516,846,8% 2.European Union83,2155,5116,4258,9128,0742,022,9% 3.African Development Bank60,0104,4124,7106,6111,5507,215,6% 4.Global Fund41,227,744,07,246,9167,05,1% 5.UNICEF9,611,718,522,422,184,32,6% Subtotal491,5569,0677,7575,5703,63,017,393,0% % Of total multilateral98,4%92,8%92,6%91,1%91,5%93,0% % Of total ODA41,2%39,4%39,0%35,1%39,4%38,1% (OECD 2011)

5 Bilaterals in Uganda Bilateral donors in Uganda (in million USD) Putting Promises into Practice (OECD 2011) Bilateral Donors Total % of total bilateral 1. USA228,8246,2301,6352,9368,91,498,432,2% 2. UK55,6214,4166,165,7117,4619,213,3% 3. Denmark63,778,5109,982,693,5428,29,2% 4. The Netherlands80,182,470,482,945,0360,87,8% 5. Ireland47,857,865,980,964,5316,96,8% 6. Norway45,550,569,875,067,3308,16,6% 7. Sweden47,962,656,664,152,7283,96,1% 8. Germany51,454,647,637,860,1251,55,4% Subtotal620,8847,0887,9838,9869,44,067,087,5% % Of total bilateral89,9%90,3%88,3%83,4%85,8%87,5% % Of total ODA52,1%54,5%51,1% 48,7%51,4% Total bilateral690,8938,41,002,71,005,71,013,34,650,9100,0%

6 Aid architecture in Uganda What has happened? Uganda Joint Assistance Strategy Division of Labour Exercise (Unearmarked) general budget support Joint Budget Support Framework / Joint Assistance Framework Local Development Partners Group (26 – 28 donors) World Bank as permanent chair Open to all official donors (not restricted to DAC members etc.) +/- 15 Development Partner Groups (theme based) Related to DP – GoU interfaces; Sector- or Technical Working Groups Putting Promises into Practice

7 Donor- and GoU perceptions Implementation of the Paris Declaration in Uganda; A Verdict Reducing Transaction costs for GoU Capacity building and PFM strengthening (MoFPED) Provides a platform (donor front) to encounter GoU Priorities set by GoU (Most) important donor(s) (e.g. USAID) do not participate in GBS Priority- and indicator setting predominate implementation Reluctance from GoU to take up implementation Lack of flexibility Difficult to formulate a common position (political vs. apolitical) New Aid Architecture has become a technical process Putting Promises into Practice

8 Donor attitudes Changing donor attitudes; from appraisal to scepticism 3 rd and 4 th presidential term of Museveni; not an African renaissance leader after all? Army spending; budget indiscipline Rampant corruption GFATM, CHOGM, GAVI, infrastructure GoU compliance culture; service delivery in deteriorating state General budget support decreasing / aid cuts Political and institutional conditions decisive for NAA But for many donors Uganda remains a strategic partner in Central / East Africa Putting Promises into Practice


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