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1 A Report for the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living & Working Conditions TURKISH SOCIAL CONDITIONS IN EUROPEAN PERSPECTIVE RICHARD ROSE.

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Presentation on theme: "1 A Report for the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living & Working Conditions TURKISH SOCIAL CONDITIONS IN EUROPEAN PERSPECTIVE RICHARD ROSE."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 A Report for the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living & Working Conditions TURKISH SOCIAL CONDITIONS IN EUROPEAN PERSPECTIVE RICHARD ROSE Centre for the Study of Public Policy U of Aberdeen and YUSUF OZCAN Sociology Middle East Technical U of Ankara Available at: www.eurofound.europa.eu/ Turkey-Brussels.ppt 15.5.07

2 2 2. DATA SOURCES: THE QUALITY OF LIFE European Foundation. European Quality of Life Survey, 2003. 28 countries, including Turkey, 26,257 respondents. TUIK (Turkish Statistical Institute). Nationwide sample survey with 5,304 respondents, 2003. TESEV, Religion, Society and Politics in a Changing Turkey. A nationwide sample survey of 1,492 Turks, May-June, 2006. TUIK (Turkish Statistical Institute), Istatistik Gostergeller, 1923-2004 Statistical Indicators. Turkish Statistical Institute, Ankara, 2005.

3 3 (population in millions) 1927 1935 1945 1955 1965 1975 1985 1995 2006 Years 3. GROWTH OF POPULATION IN TURKEY, 1927­­2006 Source: Istatistik Gostergeller, 1923-2004 Statistical Indicators, Turkish Statistical Institute, Ankara, 2005, Table 1.1 mn

4 4 (1993=100 ) Aggregate GNP Per capita GNP 92trnTL 1.5mnTL 119trnTL 2mnTL 108trnTL 1.6 mn TL 135trnTL 1.9 mn TL Sources: Istatistik Gostergeller, 1923-2004 Statistical Indicators, Turkish Statistical Institute, Ankara, 2005, Tables 21.5, 21.6. GNP in constant prices: 1993 GNP: 97.676trnTL; mean annual growth in decade 4.0%; Per capita GNP at constant prices: 1993 per capita GNP: 1.64mnTL; mean annual growth in decade 2.2%. 4. ERRATIC ECONOMIC GROWTH

5 5 5. TRENDS IN TURKISH EMIGRANTS LIVING ABROAD c. 1985c. 1995c. 2005 (000) Germany1,4002,0501,912 Austria75136130 France146199208 Netherlands156167100 Rest of Europe220301351 Total Europe(1,997)(2,853)(2,701) North America80120160 Arab countries200127107 Other60130136 Total(2,337)(3,130)(3,104) Source: Ahmed Icduygu, "Turkiye-AB Iliskileri Baglaminda Nufus ve Goc. Power point presentation, undated.

6 6 6. LEVEL OF EDUCATION: TURKEY AND EU COUNTRIES COMPARED TurkeyBulgariaRomaniaNew EU 10 Old EU 15 (percentage) None 8 0 1 0 3 Primary5221272421 Secondary2855586357 University1223141319 Source: European Quality of Life Survey, 2003, European Foundation. Interviews with 26,257 people in 28 countries aggregated and weighted according to national population.

7 7 7. QUALITY OF PUBLIC SERVICES: TURKEY AND EU COMPARED TurkeyBulgariaRomaniaNew EU Old EU (Mean quality rating on scale: 10 equals very high quality) Public transport4.9 6.25.76.1 Education4.4 6.65.86.4 State pension system4.43.45.34.65.5 Social services4.23.65.64.46.2 Health3.93.55.65.06.5 Source: European Quality of Life Survey, 2003, European Foundation. Interviews with 26,257 people in 28 countries.

8 8 8. ECONOMIC STATUS OF TURKISH MEN AND WOMEN FemaleMale (percentage) Working1267 Family helpers 8 3 Unemployed 310 Homemaker69- Retired 415 In education 1 3 Ill/disabled 2 2 Source: TUIK survey of Turkish population, 2003. Interviews with 5,304 respondents

9 9 9. SATISFACTION WITH DOMAINS OF LIFE TurkeyBulgariaRomaniaNew EU Old EU (Mean level of satisfaction with 10 equals most satisfied) Family life7.87.18.17.67.9 Health7.16.57.3 7.7 Housing6.56.47.26.77.7 Job6.3 7.46.97.4 Education4.76.47.86.47.0 Standard of living4.64.06.15.67.2 Source: European Quality of Life Survey, 2003, European Foundation. Interviews with 26,257 people in 28 countries weighted according to national population.

10 10 10. TENSIONS WITHIN EUROPEAN SOCIETIES TurkeyBulgariaRomaniaNew EU Old EU Tension felt between: (% reporting a lot of tension) Rich and poor 6053 5232 Management and workers 4837494734 Racial and ethnic groups 4613333447 Men and women 34917812 Young and old 3317291715 Source: European Quality of Life Survey, 2003, European Foundation. Interviews with 26,257 people in 28 countries weighted according to national population.

11 11 11. MAJOR SOCIAL ISSUES FOR TURKEY FROM EQLS REPORT Achieving full coverage of the population in terms of social security and health care. Raising the vocational skills of millions of youths facing competition from low-wage developing countries as well as potential benefits of EU engagement. Maintaining stability in economic growth and low inflation rates instead of the radical ups and downs of the economy in the past decade. Maintaining a balance between traditional roles and 21st century roles


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