Presentation on theme: "CSPP WELLBEING IN THE COMMUNITY PROFESSOR RICHARD ROSE FBA Centre for the Study of Public Policy EC-Eurofound-EPC Conference Brussels 14 September 2010."— Presentation transcript:
CSPP WELLBEING IN THE COMMUNITY PROFESSOR RICHARD ROSE FBA Centre for the Study of Public Policy EC-Eurofound-EPC Conference Brussels 14 September 2010 A full text of the Report on which this talk is based is available at: www.eurofound.europa.eu/areas/qualityoflife/eqls/2007/index.htm www.eurofound.europa.eu/areas/qualityoflife/eqls/2007/index.htm
EVALUATION OF PUBLIC SERVICES QUESTION 56. In general, how would you rate the quality of each of the following public services in your country on a scale from 1, very poor quality, to 10, very high quality. Source: European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) 2007 in 27 member states Mean on 10 point scale (Standard deviation) (2.1)(2.0) (2.2) (2.1) (2.2) 2
PUBLIC SERVICES BY COUNTRY Mean score: 3 Very poor qualityVery high quality Source: EQLS 2007
4 PUBLIC EXPENDITURE BY PUBLIC SERVICES Sources: Quality of public service: EQLS 2007, aggregated mean scores for each of 27 EU member states; Public expenditure as percent of GDP. Correlation: 0.30.
5 NEIGHBOURHOOD SERVICES QUESTION 54. Please think about the area where you live now – I mean the immediate neighbourhood of your home. Do you have very many reasons, many reasons, a few reasons, or no reason at all to complain about each of the following (4=no reason; 1=very many reasons). (Mean on 4 point scale) Source: EQLS, 2007.
6 EUROPEAN EVALUATION OF ACCESS TO HEALTH SERVICES QUESTION 47. On the last occasion you needed to see a doctor or medical specialist, to what extent did each of the following factors make it difficult for you to do so? Very A little No difficult difficult difficulty Mean (1) (2) (3) (percent) Q47_1 Distance5 22 73 2.7 Q47_4 Cost of seeing doctor9 23 68 2.6 Q47_2 Hard to get appointment13 29 58 2.5 Q47_3 Waiting time to see doctor13 33 54 2.4 Source: EQLS 2007.
Trust Political institutionsMost people Denmark7.2 Finland6.97.0 Sweden6.26.8 Netherlands6.16.5 Austria6.04.8 Luxembourg5.95.8 Malta5.54.9 Spain5.55.7 Estonia5.35.1 Ireland5.35.8 Belgium5.25.6 Germany5.24.8 EU155.15.3 France5.15.5 Greece4.94.2 United Kingdom4.95.3 Slovakia4.75.2 Portugal4.54.3 Slovenia4.35.2 Italy4.25.0 Romania4.25.5 NMS124.04.8 Czech Republic4.04.5 Hungary4.04.7 Poland4.04.8 Lithuania3.84.4 Latvia3.54.0 Bulgaria3.34.1 EU264.95.2 POLITICAL TRUST BY COUNTRY 7 Source: EQLS 2007. Political trust score is the mean of five items in Q. 27; see Figure 7.1. Cyprus unavailable.
8 TRANSPARENCY AND TRUST Sources: Transparency International 2007 Corruption Perceptions Index (www.transparency.org); EQLS 2007. Correlation: 0.85.www.transparency.org
No tension 15% Some 55% A lot 30% No tension 10% Some 58% A lot 32% None 30% Some 58% A lot 12%None 24% Some 58% A lot 18% None 11% Some 49% A lot 40% None 20% Some 49% A lot 31% Poor and rich Management and workers Men and womenOld and young Different racial and ethnic groupsDifferent religious groups 9 TENSIONS BETWEEN SOCIAL GROUPS Source: EQLS 2007, Q25.
Index of: Public services Neigh- bourhood Health access Political trust Low econ tension Low tension religion-race Mean (100=Mean national score for a given index) Denmark11511110914415385120 Finland124112109137112100114 Cyprus90103100102133112110 Sweden11511010912511779108 Estonia10210110310795131107 Malta11693100110128100106 Ireland97103 10611598105 Latvia8497 70105149104 Austria11510610212011570103 Luxembourg1199810711892101103 Netherlands112109 12111061102 Spain1031019911010198102 EU1510510310211110586101 Slovakia9710095 122101 Portugal829890 105123101 United Kingdom102106 9811278100 Bulgaria74849765113141100 Belgium11598105 8199 NMS129497 869411798 Germany98108101105828897 Romania889996859111196 Lithuania95949776 13495 Poland939194798912095 Greece799197988610495 Slovenia1011069686759792 France10499107102726990 Czech R.103 95808490 Italy88878385966283 Hungary8993 80429681 EU27 (mean)100 (standard devn.)13762022249 COUNTRIES WITH PROBLEMS NOT PROBLEM COUNTRIES 10 Source: EQLS 2007; results weighted equally. The computation of a standardized index score involves calculating a coefficient by dividing into 100 the mean of the index for 27 EU countries weighted equally and then multiplying each countrys mean by the coefficient.
POLICY IMPLICATIONS FOR WELLBEING IN THE COMMUNITY REDUCE DEPRIVATION, INADEQUATE INCOMES especially to: Improve access to health Reduce economic tensions IMPROVE NEIGHBOURHOOD SERVICES, ADDRESS MAJORITY VIEWS To reduce racial, religious tensions REDUCE CORRUPTION especially to: Raise political trust Improve neighbourhood services 11