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Wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London the german council of science.

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Presentation on theme: "Wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London the german council of science."— Presentation transcript:

1 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London the german council of science and humanities provides advice to the german federal government and the state governments on the structure and development of higher education and research. b e r l i n | cologne july 2012 The Excellence Initiative A driving force for the German academic system Dr. Inka Spang-Grau – German Council of Science and Humanities (Wissenschaftsrat/WR), Cologne/Germany

2 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London Structure of the presentation A. The German Council of Science and Humanities (Wissenschaftsrat/WR) - Who we are B. The German Academic and Research System C. The Excellence Initiative: Objectives, Concept and Implementation HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London

3 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London A. Who we are The German Council of Science and Humanities (Wissenschaftsrat) provides advice to the German federal government (Bund) and the state governments (Länder) on the structure and development of Higher Education (HE) and research. … has the task to draw up comprehensive recommendations on the development of science, of research and of the university sector as well as to contribute to the international competitiveness of the German system of HE and research in the national and European system. Administrative Agreement between the Federal Government and the States (Länder) on the establishment of a German Council of Science and Humanities from 5 September 1957 in the version of 1 January 2008

4 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London 4 B. The German Academic and Research System Industry research Universities (total of 110) Max Planck Society (MPG) Academies, Inst. for Advanced Study Leibniz Association (WGL) Helmholtz Association (HGF) Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft (FhG) Universities of Applied Sciences Governmental research institutes German Research Foundation (DFG) European Union (EU, ERC) Federal Ministery (BMBF) Länder MInistries Private Foundations (VW, Bosch, …) Consortium Ind. Res. Foundations (AIF) funding agencies research organisations

5 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London 5 Gross domestic expenditure for research and development (GERD) in Germany | 1,2 l 2 Lisbon-Target: The R&D share of the GDP in the European Union shall reach 3 % by 2010. The industry is supposed to contribute two thirds, the Federal government and the state governments together one third. l 1 Federal government, states, industry and non-profit organizations Source: OECD billion share of GDP

6 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London Structural Challenges and major political answers at the beginning of the millenium Higher Education pact 2020: _ more university entrants _funding of overhead costs, _Quality and Teaching pact 2007- 2015 (~ 10 bn 2010-2015) Joint Initiative for Research and Innovation (non-university institutions); increase 3 %/5 % annually; 2005-2015 Teaching, training _ increasing demand for HE _ more favourable professor/student ratio Research _ more money _ more freedom for research _ more international visibility higher degree of differentiation, autonomyincreased flexibility through competition Excellence Initiative (universities) (4.6 bn ; 2006 – 2017)

7 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London C. The Excellence Initiative: Objectives, Concept and Implementation

8 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London Objectives of the Program (based on an agreement of the German federal government and the 16 state governments). The program aims to _ promote top-level university research! _ establish centres and institutions of excellence _ raise the overall quality of German universities _ increase the international competitiveness and visibility of German universities across all disciplines and fields of research _ sustainably strengthen Germany as an attractive research location

9 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London The Excellence Initiative was … decided by the state and federal governments in July 2005 launched in December 2006/2007 with a1 st phase in 2 calls extended by the state and federal governments for a 2 nd phase in June 2009 to be continued in November 2012 with 2 nd phase 9 Schedule and Budget Frame 1 st and 2 nd phase 2006/2007 - 2017 4.6 bn (incl. 20% overhead funding) Ø 460 mn per year 75 % by the federal government, 25 % by the state governments

10 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London _ academic driven procedure (politics only in final decision making; academics have majority of votes) _ Target group: excellent universities (non-university institutes and private companies as cooperation partners ) _ Call for proposal with fixed duration and specified date _ Open (non-thematic) scope of the call: competition of ideas _ Two-stage peer review process with international experts: draft proposals followed by full proposals _ Interdependence of the three funding lines _ Descions based on reviewers recommendations by Joint Commission Program Features

11 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London Graduate Schools _Highest level research training _Approx. 1,3 million p.a. each Clusters of Excellence _Centers of excellence in research _Approx. 6,5 million p.a. each prerequisite Relation between the three funding lines Institutional Strategies for Top-Level University Research _ Increase international competitiveness of the whole university _ Approx. 12,5 million p.a. each Funding of an Institutional Strategy requires funding of at least one Graduate School and one Cluster of Excellence! wr

12 w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London _ Research achievements _ Institutional setting for top researchers at every career level _ Research oriented teaching (if submission of concept) _ Capacity to act Institutional Strategy: Assessment Criteria (1) + Status Quo of the University

13 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London Institutional Strategy (Project) _ Plausibility of the Institutional Strategy and compatibility with the universitys SWOT Coherence of the Institutional Strategy, its goals and measures Innovative potential Expected effects and development progress through the measures Presumed effects on teaching if given: potential of the submitted concept for research-oriented teaching (optional) Adequacy of the project management and financial planning Sustainability = Assessment Criteria (2)

14 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London Overall Assessment: Potential of the University (3) Fit of the Institutional Strategy into the universitys long-term planning Effects of the Institutional Strategy for the sustained expansion of top-level research Profit for the development of the system as a whole (Model?) Impact of the Institutional Strategy on the universitys international visibility and competitiveness

15 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London 15 Press Conference on Funding Decisions Excellence Initiative - Phase 2 The exceptional quality of the proposals shows: The Excellence Initiative provided a significant push for our academic system. It leads to an even stronger international visibility of our universities. The value of our academic system is globally highly appreciated today, it is appealing to talent world-wide. Minister Prof. Annette Schavan, June 15, 2012

16 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London Kiel U Hamburg U Bremen U Hannover MHH Bielefeld U Münster U Bochum U Köln U Aachen TH Bonn U Saarbrücken U Mainz U Göttingen U Gießen U Frankfurt/M. U Darmstadt TU Mannheim U Heidelberg U Karlsruhe Stuttgart U Tübingen U Konstanz U Freiburg U Ulm U Würzburg U Bayreuth U Erlangen-Nürnberg U München U München TU Jena U Dresden TU Berlin TU Berlin FU Berlin HU Oldenburg U Düsseldorf U Bamberg U Regensburg U Chemnitz TU Graduate Schools Clusters of Excellence Institutional Strategies Joint Projects Results of the 2nd Program Phase 39 Universities are funded: 45 Graduate Schools Ø 1,6 mn per School/year 43 Clusters of Excellence Ø 6.4 mn per Cluster/year 11 Institutional Strategies Ø 12.5 mn per University/year

17 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London _ new money in the system _ more than 4000 new positions in research; beneficial structures _ professionalization of governance and strategic capacity _ impulse to more internationalization, diversity _ improved cooperation between universities and other research institutions _ creativity boost and high dynamic - a lot of value for the extra spent money _ leveraging the potential of universities in breadth _ driving force for differentiation for universities _ initiated competition among and creative unrest within universities _ increased awareness for universities and research in the media and the general public _ a role model for other countries (France, Spain, Malaysia, …) 17 Overall Impact of the Excellence Initiative

18 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London _ 4 programs of federal and state governments will expire between 2013 and 2017 (incl. investments for buildings, construction) _ Excellence Initiative Brain sustain! _ Keep dynamic in the system avoid exhausting, reform overflow _ Improvement of quality of teaching Current challenges for the German system

19 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London _ How much differentiation makes sense? _To strengthen research at some universities without eroding the quality of the country's other academic institutions _ Keep the money in the system of HE and research _ Optimising the funding system for HE and research in Germany (a new integrated concept?) Current challenges for the German system

20 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London Thank you for your attention! spang-grau@wissenschaftsrat.de

21 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London 21 Additional Information

22 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London 22 Organizational Structure Head Office 5 departments (total staff ~85 scientific staff ~40) Standing Committees and Working Groups send members supports Plenary Assembly Scientific Commission (32 members) 32votes given by 24scientists 8persons from public life Administrative Commission (22 members) 32votes given by 16 State Governments 16Federal Government Secretary General Chairman composed of External Experts

23 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London 23 Decision Making Expert Commission Joint Commission Strategy Commission (Representatives of federal and state government) Grants Committee Excellence Initiative (Scientists & science administrators) Topical international expert panels International expert groups 127 reports GSC & EXC wr 16 reports Inst. Strat. Proposals & site visits

24 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London 24 March 2010: Call for proposals 2 nd Program Phase September 2010: Submission of draft proposals for initial projects March 2011: Selection of draft proposals September 2011: Submission of full proposals Winter 2011/12: Evaluations of full proposals (panels/site visits) June 2012: Comparison of initial and renewal proposals, recommendation and funding decision June 2015: Report on the program by WR and DFG (data based report) January 2016: Evaluation of the program by international experts End of 2016: Political decision on the future of the program Schedule of the 2 nd Phase

25 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London 25 Selection of the Institutional Strategies (2 nd Program Phase) 22 universities submit draft proposals for initial projects Assessment of draft proposals 16 universities submit full proposals (9 renewal + 7 initial projects) On-site appraisals Comparison and recommendation Funding decision 11 Universities funded Strategy + Joint Commission Expert groups Strategy Commission Joint Commission Grants Committee

26 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London 26 37 Universities are funded: 39 Graduate Schools Ø 1mn per School/year ( 10 % of funds) 37 Clusters of Excellence Ø 6.5 mn per Cluster/year ( 60 % of funds) 9 Institutional Strategies Ø 12.5 mn per University/year ( 30 % of funds) Institutional Strategy III I Graduate School II Cluster of Excellence Funding Lines Results of the 1 st Program Phase (2006/2007) All funded projects submitted renewal proposals

27 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London … on researchers _ new models for career development (towards tenure track system) _ significant progress in gender equality _ more attention to work-life balance of young researchers … on higher education _ strengthening research-oriented teaching _ new awareness for quality in higher education in society … on research _ more than 4000 new positions in research _ novel interdisciplinary programs – thinking out of the box _ additional research funding for universities 27 Overall Impact of Excellence Initiative (1)

28 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London … on universities _ initiated competition among and creative unrest within universities _ tailor-made institutional reforms (competition of ideas!) _ professionalization of governance and strategic capacity … non-university research organizations _ universities are again considered coequal partners _ variety of new long-term, strategic and institutional cooperations between the university and non-university research institutes 28 Overall Impact of Excellence Initiative (2)

29 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London … on international visibility _ appreciation of strong commitment of Germany to research _ a role model for other countries (France, Spain, Malaysia, …) _ increased attractiveness for researchers from abroad (+30% foreign researchers in Germany, 2005-2009) … on the German academic system _ driving force for differentiation of universities: no all-in-one institutions anymore _ creativity boost and high dynamic – a lot of value for the extra spent money – leveraging the potential of universities in breadth 29 Overall Impact of Excellence Initiative (3)

30 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London 30 Granted Budgets Top 20 (of 39) Funded Universities 2 6 5 3 16 8 # 1 4 15 # 17 # 7 14 12 20 # 10 # Cluster of Excellence Graduate School Institutional Strategy

31 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London 31 MPG 80 WGL 86 HGF 18 FhG 60 HGF MPG WGL FhG HGF MPGWGL FhG MPG WGL FhG HGF Number of institutes and centres 2012 R&D expenditure 2008 in million Number of staff (full time equivalents) of which scientists Extra-university research Source: BMBF, Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) Last updated: May 2012

32 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London 32 Joint task research funding and university building in 2012 (estimate, million ) Source: GWK Last updated: May 2012

33 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London 33 Science expenditure l * in Germany in billion of which states Science expenditure total Source: Federal Ministry of Education and Research of which industry of which Federal Government l * Expenditure for research and develoment, academic teaching and related activities. Last updated: August 2010 78,2 Mrd. 44,1 Mrd. 19,7 Mrd. 12,2 Mrd.

34 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London 34 Rate of first-year students and graduates 2008 l 1 in tertiary-type A education l 2 Source: OECD Last updated :September 2011 First year students Graduates l 1 Ratio of the population of the same age. l 2 The theoretical total length of a tertiary type A course of study is at least 3 years, normally 4 years and more. 44 % 16 % 36 % 11 % 37 % 46 % 15 % 24 % 54 % 29 % 35 % 28 % 35 % Rate of dropouts in % 28 % 24 % 21 %

35 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London 35 Germany: Basic Facts 81.8 million inhabitants 16 states 2.35 millionStudents 68,4 % at Universities 31,6 % at Universities of Applied Sciences 601,584First-year students = 36 % of an age-group (OECD-average = 56 %) 25,569Doctorates (2010) = 304 per one million inhabitants Last updated: May 2012 Source: OECD / Federal Statistical Office

36 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London 36 110Universities (including colleges of theology and colleges of education) 222 Universities of applied sciences 56 Art academies, musical academies, 388 Total Sponsorship 239state-sponsored 109private, acknowledged by the state 40church-sponsored, acknowledged by the state Germany: Basic Facts Last updated: July 2012 Source: Federal Statistical Office / German Rector´s Conference

37 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London 37 Departments Permanent committees and working groups Higher Education Research Policy Evaluation University Investments and Accreditation Medicine Teaching Committee Research Committee Research Infrastructure Working Group Evaluation Committee Committee for Research Facilities Accreditation Committee Medicine Committee Strategic Commission Steering Committee Excellence Initiative Research Rating

38 wr w i s s e n s c h a f t s r a tw i s s e n s c h a f t s r a t HEPI Conference | Dr. Inka Spang-Grau | 05 12 2012, London 38 Federal Government Universities recurrent funds University Construction FhG HGF DFG MPG WGL 207,3 Mio. 50 % 58 % 90 % 50 % Joint Financing of research and teaching on the basis of article 91b Abs. 1 constitution in Mio. Euro (2012 estimate) Research Facilities (including large-scale facilities) 677,2 Mio. 982,5 Mio. 377,5 Mio. 2232,3 Mio. 489,3 Mio. 695,3 Mio. States 50 % 695,3 10 % 42 % 10 % 207,3 Mio. 100 % 677,2 Mio. 248 Mio. 711,5 Mio. 41,9 Mio. 479 Mio. 50 % Last updated: May 2012


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